Let’s watch it again!This time, focus yourattention only at theright corner. Did you notice the The human brain is able to star completely miss a fully-visible, In the but unexpected object because of right over activity in top-down corner? processing.
LOOKCLOSELY! The human brain is able to completely miss a fully-visible, but unexpected object because of over activity in top-down processing.
1. Change Blindness: the inability to detect a change in an object or a scene. The difference between the phenomena is that inattentional blindness is the inability to detect a new and unexpected object. Causes of Inattentional Blindness 1. Conspicuity: Is it attention-grabbing? 2. Mental Workload: A lot on your mind? 3. Expectation: What did you expect? 4. Capacity: Expert vs. Novice- how much attention is required? (Hannon & Richards, 2012)
2. Selective Attention: responding selectively to certain sources ofinformation while ignoring other sources. Inattentional blindness also illustrates a critical aspect of visual processing. Specifically, it reveals the role of selective attention in perception. Inattentional blindness represents a consequence of this critical process that allows us to remain focused on important aspects of our world without distraction from irrelevant objects and events. (Hannon & Richards, 2012)
Research shows that there is a relationship betweeninattentional blindness and action-demanding teamsports. o More tactical instructions can lead to a narrower breadth of attention, which increases inattentional blindness, whereas fewer tactical instructions widen the breadth of attention in the area of team ball sports and therefore decreases inattentional blindness. (Furley & Memmert, 2007)
Research shows that attending to music decreasesinattentional blindness. o Listening to music will decrease inattentional blindness by reducing observers frequency of task- unrelated thoughts, this was due to the distracting qualities of the audio task o (Beanland & Pammer, 2011)
Beanland, V. & Pammer, K. (2011). Attending to music decreases inattentional blindness. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1282- 1292. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2011.04.009Furley, P. & Memmert, D., (2007). "I spy with my little eye"! breadth of attention, inattentional blindness, and tactical decision making in team sports. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29(3), 365- 381. Retrieved from http://apps.webofknowledge.com.proxy.ohiolink.edu:9099/full_re cord.do?product=UA&search_mode=Refine&qid=2&SID=2BBp3EM m72bDfdN32BF&page=1&doc=3Hannon, E.M. & Richards, A. (2012). Distracted by distractors: Eye movements in a dynamic inattentional blindness task . Social Sciences Citation Index,21, 170-176. Retrieved from http://xlib1.ohiolink.edu:8331/V/RH2UI1MD5IXUEPXU2SU7HDESC QEJIME2Mack, A. (2003). Inattentional blindness: looking without seeing. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, 12(5), 180. Retrieved from http://content.epnet.com/ContentServer.asp?T=P