Wynberg girls high-pat orpen-english-macbeth as tragedy

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Macbeth as tragedy in English

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Wynberg girls high-pat orpen-english-macbeth as tragedy

  1. 1. Macbeth as Tragedy <ul><li>Tragic means very sad especially involving death or grief or destruction. </li></ul><ul><li>A tragedy commonly means any story with a sad ending </li></ul><ul><li>Aristolelian or Shakespearean tragedy is different: </li></ul><ul><li>The hero or heroine in a Shakespearean tragedy is a person with standing and potential; ‘better than we are’ </li></ul><ul><li>He /she has a fatal flaw (moral weakness) and makes certain mistakes / errors of judgement (‘hamartia’) which lead to his / her downfall </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>One common form of ‘hamartia’ in Greek tragedies was ‘hubris’, pride or self-confidence that leads a protagonist to disregard a divine warning or to violate an important law. </li></ul><ul><li>What is Macbeth’s ‘fatal flaw”? Does he have more than one? </li></ul><ul><li>Lady Macbeth? </li></ul><ul><li>What important law do they violate? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The fortunes of the main character change from good to bad </li></ul><ul><li>The hero / heroine may achieve some recognition or revelation about human fate or destiny </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle terms this recognition ‘a change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love and hate.’ </li></ul><ul><li>The protagonist / tragic hero / heroine progresses towards self-knowledge and death </li></ul>
  4. 4. In Short <ul><li>TRAGIC HEROES ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>BORN INTO NOBILITY: </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR OWN FATE </li></ul><ul><li>ENDOWED WITH A TRAGIC FLAW </li></ul><ul><li>DOOMED TO MAKE A SERIOUS ERROR IN JUDGEMENT </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>EVENTUALLY, TRAGIC HEROES </li></ul><ul><li>FALL FROM GREAT HEIGHTS OR HIGH ESTEEM </li></ul><ul><li>REALIZE THEY HAVE MADE AN IRREVERSIBLE MISTAKE </li></ul><ul><li>FACE AND ACCEPT DEATH WITH HONOR </li></ul><ul><li>MEET A TRAGIC DEATH </li></ul><ul><li>FOR ALL TRAGIC HEROES: </li></ul><ul><li>THE AUDIENCE IS AFFECTED BY PITY and/or FEAR - tragic emotions! </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>If you discuss Macbeth or Lady Macbeth as tragic figures, define ‘tragic’ in the Aristotelian sense </li></ul><ul><li>Their position in society, ability to be leaders in Scottish society. </li></ul><ul><li>Did they have fatal flaws and were they guilty of ‘hubris’? </li></ul><ul><li>Did they help to bring about their own downfalls? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Did they get what they hoped for? </li></ul><ul><li>Did they realize their mistakes and achieve a form of self knowledge or a recognition about human fate or destiny? </li></ul><ul><li>Did they face death with honour and thus meet tragic deaths? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>If so, then they died with honour and can be termed tragic figures </li></ul><ul><li>If not, then they are not tragic heroes in the Aristotelian sense </li></ul><ul><li>Some may argue that Macbeth is a tragic hero, but not his wife </li></ul><ul><li>Draw your own conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>You must give evidence in every point you make </li></ul>

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