Same copyright laws as books, music, or videoRealities of electronic communicationSome think law needs to changeIt takes time to change law, which might be good to give time to learn about how new technologies will be used through experience.
Many think Internet is public domainAll postings are protectedCopyrights of public works are not always displayedImplied and Express licenses helpLaw protects them same as printed worksPossibly because law covers display of copyright notice.
It is expected that posting on the internet will be read, downloaded, printed, or forwarded.
Allows copy for nonprofit purposesOr create works based on it
Educational, research, and scholarly fair use is changingQuestionable, so rely on implied and express licensesWebsite for materials intended for educators and students
Section 110(1) of the Copyright ActSeparate set of rights for educatorsin addition to fair useTo display or perform other’s works in the classroomi.e. face-to-faceApplies to any workDifferent for distance education
The librarian is your first line of defense.First use the Librarian Check Copyright Clearance CenterIf work is part of a book or journalMoviesInternet ArchiveNews ArchivesCheck web
Implied Licenses• Just by posting a limited license is grantedby author• Many things to consider• Not automatic for commercial use– Not part of implied license• Boundaries are vague(Harper, 2007)
Express License• Spells out details of what the author isreleasing• Can be done by attaching a CreativeCommons License to your posting orwebsite• Lets it be known that you want your workto be the flow of creativity(Harper, 2007)
Fair Use– Creative Commons Search– OER Commons(Harper, 2007)
Teach Act cont.• Section 110(2) of the Copyright Act– Revised and expanded• Materials need to be pared down– Reasonable and limited portions• Audiovisual and musical shown as clips only• Applies to accredited nonprofiteducational institutions• Not extended to works produced ormarketed for in-class use(Harper, 2007)
Orphan Works• Copyrighted material whose owner can notbe found• Books, music, record, films, etc– Work not registered– Sold rights, but did not register transfer– Owner’s death, heirs not found• Can be risky if owner emerges(Public Knowledge, 2011)
Public Knowledge• Public Knowledge– Thinks orphan works should be available– Created policy proposals to facilitate use oforphan works(Public Knowledge, 2011)
ReferencesHarper, G. (2001, 2007). Copyright crash course.University of Texas Libraries.Retrieved fromhttp://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/index.htmlPublic Knowledge (2011). Key Issues: Orphan Works.Retrieved fromhttp://publicknowledge.org/issues/ow
PhotosDunn, M. (2007, April, 5). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12, 2013 fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/mikedefiant/447700120/Frankrizzo805. (2011, February, 11). [phototraph]. Retrieved on June 12, 2013 fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/85062840@N02/8140021287/George Eastman House. (2009, March, 6). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12, 2013 fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/3333259091/IDIS 110 – Group 1. (2012, October, 6). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12 2013 fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/35126357@N06/5058111168/Raftery, T. (2011, February, 3). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12 2013 fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/5412686505/Romero, N. (2008, July, 21). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12, 2013 fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/naiffer/2691471212/Thalerock. (2008, February, 1). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12 2013.fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/thalesrock/2234124960/Wikimedia Commons. (2006, December, 17). [photograph]. Retrieved on June 12, 2013 fromhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Yamashita_Yohei_-_CC_on_Orange_(by).jpg