Juan Carlos Grigsby Grammar Book Spanish 2 Linares
Tabla de Contenidos Verbs Like Gustar Hace + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb Preterite Tense Acabar de +  infinitive DOP Plac...
Qué  Vs Cuál   <ul><li>La significa de  qué  es ‘what’ en ingles. </li></ul><ul><li>Qué va en frente de nombres (nouns). <...
SER – D.O.C.T.O.R.PED <ul><li>D- Description </li></ul><ul><li>O- Origin </li></ul><ul><li>C- Characteristics </li></ul><u...
Estar – H.E.L.P.ING <ul><li>H –  Health - ?Como estas? – Bien, Mal </li></ul><ul><li>E –  Emotions - ?Como estas? – Enojad...
Gustar <ul><li>I like – me gusta </li></ul><ul><li>You like – te gusta </li></ul><ul><li>He likes – le gusta </li></ul><ul...
Transition Words/Phrases <ul><li>afterward = después (de)  </li></ul><ul><li>always = siempre  </li></ul><ul><li>before = ...
Imperfect Tenses <ul><li>Ar </li></ul><ul><li>aba abas aba ábamos abais aban  </li></ul><ul><li>Er/Ir </li></ul><ul><li>ía...
Trigger Words <ul><li>todos los dias - every day  </li></ul><ul><li>cada dia - every day  </li></ul><ul><li>cada mes - eve...
Acabar de +  infinitive <ul><li>Acabar de +  infinitive  = to have just done something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the ve...
Hace + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb <ul><li>Present tense - since & for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Verbs Like Gustar <ul><li>- These verbs all have mandatory indirect objects which require an indirect object pronoun.  </l...
Reflexives <ul><li>To do something to yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>An action one does that directly effects the same person...
Tu Commands <ul><li>The singular form of informal commands. </li></ul><ul><li>To tell someone at a equal social rank as yo...
Affirmative Tu Commands <ul><li>Put it in the –you- form. </li></ul><ul><li>Drop the -s-. </li></ul><ul><li>When you chang...
Negative Tu Commands <ul><li>Put in 1 st  person. </li></ul><ul><li>Change the last letter to the opposite of what it shou...
Irregular Tu Commands (Affirmative) <ul><li>Affirmative </li></ul><ul><li>- Haz </li></ul><ul><li>- Ve </li></ul><ul><li>-...
Irregular Tu Commands  (Negative) <ul><li>Negative </li></ul><ul><li>No digas </li></ul><ul><li>No hagas </li></ul><ul><li...
DOP Placement <ul><li>DOP = Direct Object Pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Like  what  are you eating? </li></ul><ul><li>I am eat...
Preterite Tense <ul><li>To conjugate regular -ar verbs in the preterite, simply drop the ending (-ar) and add one of the f...
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Spanish grammar book

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Spanish grammar book

  1. 1. Juan Carlos Grigsby Grammar Book Spanish 2 Linares
  2. 2. Tabla de Contenidos Verbs Like Gustar Hace + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb Preterite Tense Acabar de + infinitive DOP Placement Trigger Words Irregular Negative Tu Commands Imperfect Tense Irregular Affirmative Tu Commands Transitional Words/Phrases Negative Tu Commands Gustar Affirmative Tu Commands Estar – HELPING Tu Commands Ser – DOCTORPED Reflexives Qué Vs Cuál
  3. 3. Qué Vs Cuál <ul><li>La significa de qué es ‘what’ en ingles. </li></ul><ul><li>Qué va en frente de nombres (nouns). </li></ul><ul><li>La significa de cuál es ‘which’ en ingles. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuál va delante de SER. </li></ul>
  4. 4. SER – D.O.C.T.O.R.PED <ul><li>D- Description </li></ul><ul><li>O- Origin </li></ul><ul><li>C- Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>T- Time </li></ul><ul><li>O- Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>R- Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>P- Possession </li></ul><ul><li>E- Events </li></ul><ul><li>D- Dates </li></ul>
  5. 5. Estar – H.E.L.P.ING <ul><li>H – Health - ?Como estas? – Bien, Mal </li></ul><ul><li>E – Emotions - ?Como estas? – Enojado, Triste </li></ul><ul><li>L – Location - ?Donde estas? – En : la casa, la escuela </li></ul><ul><li>P – Present Condition - ?Como estas? – Abierto, Cerrado </li></ul><ul><li>?Que Estas Haciendo? – Jugando, Comiendo </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gustar <ul><li>I like – me gusta </li></ul><ul><li>You like – te gusta </li></ul><ul><li>He likes – le gusta </li></ul><ul><li>She likes – le gusta </li></ul><ul><li>We like – nos gusta </li></ul><ul><li>Y’all like – os gusta </li></ul><ul><li>They like – les gusta </li></ul><ul><li>Gusta = me gusta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(singular) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gustan = me gusta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(plural) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Transition Words/Phrases <ul><li>afterward = después (de) </li></ul><ul><li>always = siempre </li></ul><ul><li>before = antes de (que) </li></ul><ul><li>during = durante </li></ul><ul><li>finally = finalmente </li></ul><ul><li>next = luego </li></ul><ul><li>never = nunca </li></ul><ul><li>now = ahora </li></ul><ul><li>rarely = rara vez </li></ul><ul><li>then = entonces </li></ul><ul><li>above = encima de </li></ul><ul><li>among = entre </li></ul><ul><li>although = aunque </li></ul><ul><li>but = pero </li></ul><ul><li>below = abajo </li></ul><ul><li>beside = al lado de </li></ul><ul><li>from = de </li></ul><ul><li>In front of = en frente de </li></ul><ul><li>near = cerca de </li></ul><ul><li>on = en </li></ul><ul><li>under = debajo de </li></ul><ul><li>opposite = frente a </li></ul><ul><li>again = otra vez </li></ul><ul><li>also = también </li></ul><ul><li>and = y </li></ul><ul><li>lastly = por último </li></ul><ul><li>more = más </li></ul>
  8. 8. Imperfect Tenses <ul><li>Ar </li></ul><ul><li>aba abas aba ábamos abais aban </li></ul><ul><li>Er/Ir </li></ul><ul><li>ía ías ía íamos íais ían </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trigger Words <ul><li>todos los dias - every day </li></ul><ul><li>cada dia - every day </li></ul><ul><li>cada mes - every month </li></ul><ul><li>siempre - always </li></ul><ul><li>nunca - never </li></ul><ul><li>a veces - sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>muchas veces - many times </li></ul><ul><li>frecuentemente - frequently </li></ul><ul><li>a menudo - often </li></ul><ul><li>casi siempre - almost always </li></ul><ul><li>todo el tiempo - all the time </li></ul><ul><li>todos los lunes - every Monday </li></ul>
  10. 10. Acabar de + infinitive <ul><li>Acabar de + infinitive = to have just done something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the verb based on what it is you want to say was just done </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Hace + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb <ul><li>Present tense - since & for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>el </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ella </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nosotros(as) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vosotros(as) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ustedes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ellos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ellas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preterite tense – ago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-é -aste -ó -amos -asteis -aron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Verbs Like Gustar <ul><li>- These verbs all have mandatory indirect objects which require an indirect object pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>- The verb is always conjugated to the main noun while the person is identified by the indirect object pronoun. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reflexives <ul><li>To do something to yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>An action one does that directly effects the same person who completed the action and does not have an effect on anyone else. </li></ul><ul><li>Me estoy bañando. </li></ul><ul><li>- Me lo estoy comiendo. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Tu Commands <ul><li>The singular form of informal commands. </li></ul><ul><li>To tell someone at a equal social rank as you to go do something. </li></ul><ul><li>- Not to be used with important people or elders. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be affirmative or negative. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Affirmative Tu Commands <ul><li>Put it in the –you- form. </li></ul><ul><li>Drop the -s-. </li></ul><ul><li>When you change the syllabification of a verb, you have to put an accent mark over the 3 rd to last syllable. </li></ul><ul><li>- Voy a comerlo. </li></ul><ul><li>- Comelo! </li></ul><ul><li>- Estoy comiendolemo. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Negative Tu Commands <ul><li>Put in 1 st person. </li></ul><ul><li>Change the last letter to the opposite of what it should be.. E to A </li></ul><ul><li>Add -s- </li></ul><ul><li>Comer-como-coma-comas </li></ul>
  17. 17. Irregular Tu Commands (Affirmative) <ul><li>Affirmative </li></ul><ul><li>- Haz </li></ul><ul><li>- Ve </li></ul><ul><li>- Pon </li></ul><ul><li>- Sal </li></ul><ul><li>- Se </li></ul><ul><li>- Ten </li></ul><ul><li>- Ven </li></ul>
  18. 18. Irregular Tu Commands (Negative) <ul><li>Negative </li></ul><ul><li>No digas </li></ul><ul><li>No hagas </li></ul><ul><li>No vayas </li></ul><ul><li>No pongas </li></ul><ul><li>No salgas </li></ul><ul><li>No tengas </li></ul><ul><li>No seas </li></ul><ul><li>No vengas </li></ul>
  19. 19. DOP Placement <ul><li>DOP = Direct Object Pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Like what are you eating? </li></ul><ul><li>I am eating fruit . </li></ul><ul><li>Attatch to affirmative commands, gerunds, & infinitives </li></ul>
  20. 20. Preterite Tense <ul><li>To conjugate regular -ar verbs in the preterite, simply drop the ending (-ar) and add one of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>- é - aste - ó - amos - asteis - aron </li></ul><ul><li>To conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in the preterite, simply drop the ending (-er or -ir) and add one of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>- í - iste - ió - imos - isteis - ieron </li></ul><ul><li>The preterite is used for actions that can be viewed as single events. </li></ul><ul><li>The preterite is used for actions that were repeated a specific number of times, or occurred during a specific period of time. </li></ul>
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