Spanish grammar book
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
367
On Slideshare
367
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Juan Carlos Grigsby Grammar Book Spanish 2 Linares
  • 2. Tabla de Contenidos Verbs Like Gustar Hace + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb Preterite Tense Acabar de + infinitive DOP Placement Trigger Words Irregular Negative Tu Commands Imperfect Tense Irregular Affirmative Tu Commands Transitional Words/Phrases Negative Tu Commands Gustar Affirmative Tu Commands Estar – HELPING Tu Commands Ser – DOCTORPED Reflexives Qué Vs Cuál
  • 3. Qué Vs Cuál
    • La significa de qué es ‘what’ en ingles.
    • Qué va en frente de nombres (nouns).
    • La significa de cuál es ‘which’ en ingles.
    • Cuál va delante de SER.
  • 4. SER – D.O.C.T.O.R.PED
    • D- Description
    • O- Origin
    • C- Characteristics
    • T- Time
    • O- Occupation
    • R- Relationships
    • P- Possession
    • E- Events
    • D- Dates
  • 5. Estar – H.E.L.P.ING
    • H – Health - ?Como estas? – Bien, Mal
    • E – Emotions - ?Como estas? – Enojado, Triste
    • L – Location - ?Donde estas? – En : la casa, la escuela
    • P – Present Condition - ?Como estas? – Abierto, Cerrado
    • ?Que Estas Haciendo? – Jugando, Comiendo
  • 6. Gustar
    • I like – me gusta
    • You like – te gusta
    • He likes – le gusta
    • She likes – le gusta
    • We like – nos gusta
    • Y’all like – os gusta
    • They like – les gusta
    • Gusta = me gusta
      • (singular)
    • Gustan = me gusta
      • (plural)
  • 7. Transition Words/Phrases
    • afterward = después (de)
    • always = siempre
    • before = antes de (que)
    • during = durante
    • finally = finalmente
    • next = luego
    • never = nunca
    • now = ahora
    • rarely = rara vez
    • then = entonces
    • above = encima de
    • among = entre
    • although = aunque
    • but = pero
    • below = abajo
    • beside = al lado de
    • from = de
    • In front of = en frente de
    • near = cerca de
    • on = en
    • under = debajo de
    • opposite = frente a
    • again = otra vez
    • also = también
    • and = y
    • lastly = por último
    • more = más
  • 8. Imperfect Tenses
    • Ar
    • aba abas aba ábamos abais aban
    • Er/Ir
    • ía ías ía íamos íais ían
  • 9. Trigger Words
    • todos los dias - every day
    • cada dia - every day
    • cada mes - every month
    • siempre - always
    • nunca - never
    • a veces - sometimes
    • muchas veces - many times
    • frecuentemente - frequently
    • a menudo - often
    • casi siempre - almost always
    • todo el tiempo - all the time
    • todos los lunes - every Monday
  • 10. Acabar de + infinitive
    • Acabar de + infinitive = to have just done something
      • Change the verb based on what it is you want to say was just done
  • 11. Hace + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb
    • Present tense - since & for
      • Yo
      • tu
      • usted
      • el
      • ella
      • nosotros(as)
      • vosotros(as)
      • ustedes
      • ellos
      • ellas
    • Preterite tense – ago
      • -é -aste -ó -amos -asteis -aron
      • -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron
  • 12. Verbs Like Gustar
    • - These verbs all have mandatory indirect objects which require an indirect object pronoun.
    • - The verb is always conjugated to the main noun while the person is identified by the indirect object pronoun.
  • 13. Reflexives
    • To do something to yourself.
    • An action one does that directly effects the same person who completed the action and does not have an effect on anyone else.
    • Me estoy bañando.
    • - Me lo estoy comiendo.
  • 14. Tu Commands
    • The singular form of informal commands.
    • To tell someone at a equal social rank as you to go do something.
    • - Not to be used with important people or elders.
    • They can be affirmative or negative.
  • 15. Affirmative Tu Commands
    • Put it in the –you- form.
    • Drop the -s-.
    • When you change the syllabification of a verb, you have to put an accent mark over the 3 rd to last syllable.
    • - Voy a comerlo.
    • - Comelo!
    • - Estoy comiendolemo.
  • 16. Negative Tu Commands
    • Put in 1 st person.
    • Change the last letter to the opposite of what it should be.. E to A
    • Add -s-
    • Comer-como-coma-comas
  • 17. Irregular Tu Commands (Affirmative)
    • Affirmative
    • - Haz
    • - Ve
    • - Pon
    • - Sal
    • - Se
    • - Ten
    • - Ven
  • 18. Irregular Tu Commands (Negative)
    • Negative
    • No digas
    • No hagas
    • No vayas
    • No pongas
    • No salgas
    • No tengas
    • No seas
    • No vengas
  • 19. DOP Placement
    • DOP = Direct Object Pronoun
    • Like what are you eating?
    • I am eating fruit .
    • Attatch to affirmative commands, gerunds, & infinitives
  • 20. Preterite Tense
    • To conjugate regular -ar verbs in the preterite, simply drop the ending (-ar) and add one of the following:
    • - é - aste - ó - amos - asteis - aron
    • To conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in the preterite, simply drop the ending (-er or -ir) and add one of the following:
    • - í - iste - ió - imos - isteis - ieron
    • The preterite is used for actions that can be viewed as single events.
    • The preterite is used for actions that were repeated a specific number of times, or occurred during a specific period of time.