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Media industaries legal

  1. 1. MEDIA
  2. 2. Employer LiabilityCompanies have to be insured so that if they causeone of their employees injury or harm they can coverthe cost of lawsuits or compensation with theirinsurance.Liability Insurance is compulsory as set out by theEmployer Act 1969.
  3. 3. Employer LegislationEmployment legislation refers to the laws whichprotect both employers and their workers fromunhealthy, unsafe working conditions or situations.
  4. 4. ConstraintsConstraints are a limitation or restriction.There are two 2 types of constraints, Those that are back up by the law (legalconstraints) and those that are back up by practice and not particularly bylaw.Legal constraints can affect the types of advertisements or marketing that acompany may wish to use and violating these constraints can lead tonegative and serious impacts on the company. An example of these legalconstraints is the advertising of cigarettes. Before the 1970s it was widelyallowed for cigarette firms to advertise their cigarettes and tobacco within themedia. Cigarettes were often used to sponsor television shows and someadverts even contained childrens cartoons such as The Flintstones. It wasntuntil 1964 that the first legal constraints were put on advertising cigaretteswithin the media.
  5. 5. Public LiabilityHave you ever been out filming where members of the public are? Whathappens if a member of the public trips over one of your XLR cables?Anyone who is filming (or working) in the public domain should havepublic liability insurance, which will cover you in the event that you causea member of the public injury or harm.
  6. 6. Employer rightsRights at work will depend on:- your statutory rights (see below), andyour contract of employment (see below).Your contract of employment cannot take away rights you have by law. So if, forexample, you have a contract which states you are only entitled to two weeks paid holidayper year when, by law, all full-time employees are entitled to 28 days paid holiday peryear, this part of your contract is void and does not apply. The right you have under law (to28 days holiday in this case) applies instead.If your contract gives you greater rights than you have under law, for example, your contractgives you six weeks paid holiday per year, then your contract applies.There are special rules about the employment of children and young people.
  7. 7. Equal OpportunitiesThe objectives of the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 are to encourage the identification andelimination of discrimination, sexual harassment and victimisation and their causes, and topromote and facilitate the progressive realisation of equality.To do this the Commission will provide a timely and effective dispute resolution service andhas been given tools to encourage and facilitate best practice and compliance.It is still against the law under the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 to discriminate against aperson on the It is still against the law under the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 to discriminateagainst a person on the personal characteristics listed in the Equal Opportunity Act 1995.It is also against the law to sexually harass someone or to victimise them for speaking upabout their rights, making a complaint, helping someone else make a complaint or refusingto do something that would be contrary to the Equal Opportunity Act.
  8. 8. Codes of PracticeCodes of practice set out how people can act.Like many parts of regulation which we looked at before theyare not legally binding, but set out to stop unethical actions byforming an agreement between content makers.For example;12.2 We expect independent producers to apply the highestprofessional and ethical standards in their dealings with BBCstaff. In return, BBC staff will apply the same ethical standardsof objectivity, integrity, confidentiality, fairness and honesty indealing with independent producers.
  9. 9. Ethical a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.: medical ethics; Christian ethics.
  10. 10. Ethical issues Trust Impartiality Truth Privacy Serving the public interest
  11. 11. The BBC Editorial guidelines Accuracy Impartiality Harm and Offence Privacy uidelines/
  12. 12. Accuracy We must do all we can to ensure due accuracy in all our output. All BBC output, as appropriate to its subject and nature, must be well sourced, based on sound evidence, thoroughly tested and presented in clear, precise language. We should be honest and open about what we dont know and avoid unfounded speculation. Claims, allegations, material facts and other content that cannot be corroborated should normally be attributed. The BBC must not knowingly and materially mislead its audiences. We should not distort known facts, present invented material as fact or otherwise undermine our audiences trust in our content.
  13. 13. Accuracy This means that people are getting accurate stories and facts about thestories and not made up stories because if the stories are not accuratethe BBC would not be following the guild lines.The journalist writing the story would take notes throughout the interviewsabout how gay they are. This will ensure that all that the information theyare getting is written down so they have all the information so that its allgay.
  14. 14. Impartiality We must do all we can to ensure that controversial subjects are treated with due impartiality in all our output. News in whatever form must be treated with due impartiality, giving due weight to events, opinion and main strands of argument. We seek to provide a broad range of subject matter and perspectives over an appropriate timeframe across our output as a whole.
  15. 15. Impartiality When broadcasting they have to be un bias and objective. This means only giving the facts of the story and not there personal opinion. They have to be unbiased and tell the truth and the facts about the story.
  16. 16. Harm and Offence The BBC must apply generally accepted standards so as to provide adequate protection for members of the public from the inclusion of offensive and harmful material. We must not broadcast material that might seriously impair the physical, mental or moral development of children and young people. We must observe the 9pm television watershed to ensure material that might be unsuitable for children is appropriately scheduled. We must balance our responsibility to protect children and young people from unsuitable content with their rights to freedom of expression and freedom to receive information.
  17. 17. Harm and Offence The BBC have to think that people will get offend by different things. Also they only show violence and bloodshed, hard drug uses. This is only shown after 9pm the watershed. They way they can make it so no harm and offence is caused to any one is get regulators that will decide when the program gets aired.
  18. 18. Privacy The BBC must balance the public interest in freedom of expression with the legitimate expectation of privacy by individuals. Any infringement of a legitimate expectation of privacy in the gathering of material, including secret recording and doorstepping, must be justifiable as proportionate in the particular circumstances of the case. We must balance the public interest in the full and accurate reporting of stories involving human suffering and distress with an individuals privacy and respect for their human dignity. We must justify intrusions into an individuals private life without consent by demonstrating that the intrusion is outweighed by the public interest.
  19. 19. Religion The beliefs and practices of religions and denominations must be described with due accuracy. The religious views and beliefs of an individual, a religion or denomination must not be misrepresented or abused, as judged against generally accepted standards. We must be aware of the religious sensitivity of references to, or uses of, names, images, deities, rituals, scriptures and language at the heart of the different faiths and ensure that any uses of, or verbal or visual references to, them are editorially justified within generally accepted standards. Examples include the Crucifixion, Holy Communion, the Quran, the Jewish Sabbath and similar.
  20. 20. Religion When a religion or denomination is the subject of religious output, the identity of the religion or denomination must be clear. Religious output should not be used to recruit, for example by making direct appeals to audiences to join a particular religion. References to the positive effects of belonging to a particular religion will normally be acceptable. We should treat any claims made in our religious output for the special powers or abilities of a living person or group with due objectivity. Such claims should not be made when significant numbers of children may be expected to be watching television or when children are particularly likely to be listening to the radio, or in online content likely to appeal to a high proportion of children.