11 24 Apostles Creed Series - I Believe
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11 24 Apostles Creed Series - I Believe

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New Sermon Series. 1st Sermon on "Apolstles' Creed" by Rev Dr Ng Swee Ming on 24 Nov 2013

New Sermon Series. 1st Sermon on "Apolstles' Creed" by Rev Dr Ng Swee Ming on 24 Nov 2013

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11 24 Apostles Creed Series - I Believe 11 24 Apostles Creed Series - I Believe Presentation Transcript

  • I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born 1 Peter 3:15 of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell;tothird day he rose Always be prepared the give an again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the answer toFather Almighty; fromwho askscome to everyone thence he shall you right hand of God the to give the reason for the hope judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy catholic church; the communionBut do this with that you have. of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen gentleness and respect, ...
  •  The Church was growing...  Persecution helped the church to grow ...  But how to teach / followup / disciple ...  No “Bible”, teaching from memory & “hear say” ... and as a result...
  • God is ‘Holy’ & Is the ‘God’ in the Hebrew Scriptures the ‘Spirit’, how can a Holy God same ‘God’ as taught be born as a by Jesus ? man into a God is God, how can God die ? God will never allow his Son to die, at the last minute Jesus was substituted by ...... !! sinful world ? God the Father first created Jesus His Son... There was a time when Jesus was ... !!
  • “How dare they refuse to honor me!?! All good Romans must burn incense before my statues and honor me as a god. Yet these Christians refuse to do so. Well, if I have to feed every last one of them to the lions, I will. If I have to sew them into the skins of wild animals and have packs of dogs rip them to shreds, I will. If I must crucify every last one of them, I will. Sooner or later, they will acknowledge me as their superior ruler.” - Nero, Roman Emperor
  • “Our Roman gods demand sacrifices from their subjects. Without their blessings, the Roman Empire is doomed. Yet those who follow the teachings of Christ refuse to make sacrifices to the gods, claiming that their God is the only true god. What nonsense!!! Those silly people and their silly ideas. They should get on their knees and worship the ground that Jupiter and Minerva have create.” - Maximus, Roman Governor
  • THREATS Q. & ? !
  •  Usually on Easter Sunday morning ...  Fast whole day Friday (Good Friday)  Instruction, Prayer & Cleansing on Sat.  Overnight Prayer Meeting on Sat night...  Early Sun morning go down beside a stream ...  Remove all their clothing ...  The Bishop then anoints the “oil of thanksgiving” and the “oil of exorcism”  The candidate declare : “I RENOUNCE THEE, SATAN, AND ALL THY SERVANTS AND ALL THY WORKS.”  Then he is anointed with the oil of exorcism, with the words: “Let all spirits depart far from thee.”
  •  Enters & standing naked in the water, a deacon who is doing the baptism puts his hand on the head asking: “Do you believe in God, the Father Almighty?”  The candidate reply: “I BELIEVE.”  Then his head is pushed fully into the water.  Next question : “Do you believe in Christ Jesus, the Son of God, who was born of the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and was dead and buried, and rose again the third day, alive from the dead, and ascended into heaven, and sat at the right hand of the Father, and will come to judge the quick and the dead?”  Reply: “I BELIEVE” and is baptized again.
  •  Question : “Do you believe in the Holy Ghost, and the holy church, and the resurrection of the flesh?  Reply: “I BELIEVE”, and so he is immersed a third time into the water...  He will then come up and is anointed with the “oil of thanksgiving” with the words “I anoint thee with holy oil in the name of Jesus Christ.”
  •  I believe in God the Father Almighty  And in Christ Jesus, the Son of God, who was born of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, and was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and was dead and buried, and rose again the third day, alive from the dead, and ascended into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of the Father and will come to judge the living and the dead.  I believe in the Holy Spirit, in the holy church, and in the resurrection of the body.
  • I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord: Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary: Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead and buried: The third day he rose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty: From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead: I believe in the Holy Spirit: the holy catholic Church: the communion of saints: The forgiveness of sins: The resurrection of the body: and the life everlasting. Amen.
  •  Defn : A “creed” is a concise, formal and universally accepted statement of faith. (Summary of the main points of common Christian belief).  Latin “Credo” – “I Believe...”  Not “I think”  Not “I know”  Not “I feel”
  •  Up till the 4th C there was a “story” by the early church fathers that each Apostle wrote one statement of the Creed ...  It’s just a myth – there is no evidence that it was directly written by the apostles  But it is consistent with the apostles teachings and beliefs
  • Early Christians & the Church :  No “Complete Bible” as we know it Today – only the Jewish Scriptures in Hebrew & Greek  No NT Bible as yet  Only scattered letters & writings circulating  Times of persecution from without  Costly decision to be a Christian  Differing understanding & interpretation within the church  Doubts ? Questions? Heresies ...  A great need to state clearly what are the key beliefs of the Faith...
  • Early Baptismal formula :  Great Commission  Matt 28:19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,...  Trinitarian formula
  • Present Day Baptismal Questions: 1. Do you truly and earnestly repent of your sins and accept Jesus Christ as your Saviour? Answer: I do. 2. DO YOU BELIEVE IN GOD, THE FATHER ALMIGHTY, MAKER OF HEAVEN AND EARTH; AND IN JESUS CHRIST HIS ONLY SON OUR LORD; AND IN THE HOLY SPIRIT, THE LORD, THE GIVER OF LIFE? Answer: I do. 3. Do you desire to be baptised in this faith? Answer: I do. 4. Will you then obediently keep God’s holy will and commandments and walk in the same all the days of your life? Answer: I will, by God’s help.
  • “These words which you have heard are in the Divine Scripture scattered up and down: but here gathered and reduced into one, that the memory of slow persons might not be distressed; that every person may be able to say, able to hold, what he believes.”
  • I BELIEVE inall branches of Maker God the Father Almighty,  Accepted by of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Christianity – Catholics, Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born Orthodox & Protestants crucified, of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was nd  Used since the ? 2hell;C third day he rose dead, and buried; he descended into the again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the onwards right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to  Only formally written down judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy muchthe communion of saints;th C later 5th to 6 the forgiveness of sins; catholic church; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen
  • 1. To Define the Faith  Short summary of what we believe...  Only the key points (Nonnegotiables) , it is not exhaustive ...  Easy to remember and teach ...
  •  Only 479 characters in 106 words ...  It is the oldest and most widely accepted creed by all branches of Christianity  Covers a broad survey of Christian doctrine  From Creation thru Salvation to Eternity
  • 2. To Defend the Faith  Against heresies and wrong teachings  Forced the early Church Fathers to re-think and define the Christian Faith Eg Gnosticism & Arianism
  • Gnosticism :  Gnosis - ‘Salvation’ is only through mystical knowledge which bring ‘enlightenment’ etc.  Dualism - spirit was entirely good while matter entirely evil. The divine Christ would never stoop to touch flesh, which is evil, he only seemed human and only appeared to die, for God cannot die etc ** Marcionism (AD144) : That Jesus Christ was the savior sent by God, with Paul as his chief apostle, Rejecting the Old Testament and the Gospels of Matthew, Mark & John.
  • In defense against Gnosticism & Marcionism : I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord: Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary: Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead and buried:...
  • Arianism :  Jesus the Son as Word & Logos was not eternal or perfect like God  Jesus was created by God before time and through Him all other things were made. In defense against Arianism:  Emperor Constantine  Council Of Nicaea AD325
  • Apostles Creed • I believe in  We believe in one God, the Father, God the the Almighty maker of heaven and Father earth, of all that is, seen and Almighty, unseen. Maker of  We believe in one Lord, Jesus heaven and Christ, the only Son of God, earth: eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, • And in true God from true God, Jesus begotten, not made, Christ, his of one Being with the Father. only Son, Through him all things were our Lord:... made....
  • Modern Day Gnostics:  Christian Science and Unity School of Christianity;  Mind & Healing Sciences;  Transcendental Meditation (TM) ;  New Age Movement Modern Day Arianism: • Jehovah's Witnesses • Mormonism • Unification Church • The Way International
  • 3. To Disciple the Faith  People were generally illiterate  Written word very limited  OT Scriptures in Hebrew & Greek (Septuagint)  Needed something to teach & share the faith  Short & Concise  Easily remembered  Easily shared
  • “I Believe” is a personal commitment to the truth  John’s Gospel : about 80 times declares that salvation comes to those who believe  Rom 1:16 “I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes...”  2 Tim 1:12 “... I know whom I have believed, and am convinced that he is able to guard what I have entrusted to him for that day.” Offer a radical certainty amidst the sea of skepticism today What we believe will determine how we live Our conduct & behavior
  • Opening phrase of the Apostles Creed “I Believe in GOD...” • Fundamental truth • Nearly everyone believes in ‘God’/‘god’ • But how do ‘they’ define or understand “God” • Pantheism ? • Deism ? • Theism
  • Three Important Truths about God: 1. FATHER : • Abba (Gk) – 3 times in NT • = Papa, Daddy • Intimate & ‘Homely’ Calling God as Father : • Very hard for some Ps 68:5 A father to the fatherless, a defender of widows, is God in his holy dwelling. • Impossible for others Matt 6:9.. The Lord’s Prayer – ‘Our Father ...’ • Political correctness !!
  • Three Important Truths about God: 2. ALMIGHTY • “El Shaddai” : God Almighty - 58 times in the Bible • “Nothing is impossible with God” Lk 1:37 • Because God is ALMIGHTY ... • Reassuring & Comforting...
  • Three Important Truths about God: 3. MAKER OF HEAVEN AND EARTH • • God “CREATED...” That life as recorded in Genesis began with God and not by chance • God created because He wants to, not because He has to .... • Rev 4:11 "You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things, and by your will they were created and have their being."
  • In Today’s world :  Relativism  Nothing is sure or firm  Depends on ... Feeling, situations, circumstances, others ...  Pluralism  There is more than one way to God  All religions/philosophies are the same  Materialism :  The things in the world  The ways of the world
  • I BELIEVE God The Apostles Creed in the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born Ivirgin Mary, suffered under Pontius GOD , BELIEVE in Pilate, was crucified of the dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose To ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the again from the dead; he Define right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he To Defend shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen To Disciple
  • I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord: Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary: Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead and buried: The third day he rose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty: From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead: I believe in the Holy Spirit: the holy catholic Church: the communion of saints: The forgiveness of sins: The resurrection of the body: and the life everlasting. Amen.