TOPIC 5. CULTURAL AND GEOGRAPHIC FRAMEWORK OFENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES. DIDACTIC APPLICATIONS OF GEGRAPHIC, HISTORICAL, AND CULTURAL ASPECTS.
INTRODUCTION Nowadays, English is the most widespreadlanguage in the world. English is the dominantlanguage in the United Kingdom, and as formerBritish colonies in the United States, Canada,Australia, New Zealand and Ireland among others.In other countries/ regions, English is widely used,even though it is not the dominant language, forexample Hong Kong, Singapore, Nigeria, ThePhilippines, and Malaysia. Language learning can not simply focus on thedevelopment of communicative skills, but must alsofoment an understanding of the cultural, historical,sociological, geographical context in which thatlanguage is used.
Historical Framework of the United Kingdom• By the year 1000, England and Scotland had consolidated themselves from many small kingdoms.• In 1066, Harold II, the last Anglo –Saxon monarch, was defeated and killed by the Norman conquerors.• In the 13th century, the principality of Wales became a part of England.• From 1649 to 1660, following the War of the Three Kingdoms, the traditional monarchy was briefly interrupted by the republican Commonwealth of England.• In 1707, the kingdom of England and Scotland were merged to create the Kingdom of Great Britain and, in 1801, the Kingdom of Ireland joined to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.• After World War II, former colonies separated from Britain and the monarch became “Head of the Commonwealth”.
Cultural Framework of the United Kingdom Inventions: the telephone, the internal combustion engine, the jet engine, television and vaccinations among others.
Historical Framework of the United States• 1607: English settlement established in Jamestown, Virginia.• 1620: The Pilgrims settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts.• 1776: The original colonies declared their independence on July 4th.• 1787: The United States Constitution.• 1861 -1865: The Civil War ratified the abolishment of slavery.• 1898: The Spanish –American War.• 1917: The US entered in the First World War.• 1929: The Great Depression started.• 1941: The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor. US entered in the World War II.• 1947 -1991: The Cold War.• 1960s: Civil Rights and equal opportunities for African Americans Movement. Leader: Martin Luther King.• 2001: Terrorist Attacks of September 11.• 2008: Barak Obama, the first African American president.
Cultural Framework of the United StatesThe United States of America is one of the world’s most ethnically diverseand multicultural nations by the waves of immigrants from Europe and Africa,then Asia and Latin America. Inventions: the coke and the jeans, the light bulb, the refrigerator, the microwave oven, the airplane, the personal computer and the Internet among others.
DIDACTIC APPLICATION• Books, newspapers, handouts, magazine articles, web pages, holidays, festivities, foods, music, movies, cartoons, comics, games, radio or TV shows, commercials, pen pals, etc. involve cultural components.• Festivals celebrated in English speaking countries: Easter, Christmas, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Guy Fawkes Day, Pancake Day, July 4th, etc.
CONCLUSION The teaching of sociocultural aspects isrelated to cross –curricular elements suchas respect for other cultures, tolerance ofdiversity and co-existence.