By:  Jaceson Cole and Allison Holden<br />Clinical Theories and Practice II <br />Spring 2011<br />AFRICA: A CULTURE OF UB...
Ubuntu: "I am what I am because of who we all are." -An Interpretation from Liberian peace activist LeymahGbowee<br />On t...
Next up Archbishop Desmond Tutu offers his lively interpretation of Ubuntu<br />Do you see how the concept of Ubuntu refle...
There’s Plenty of Ubuntu to go Around!Especially @ GSSW<br />The spirit of Ubuntu compels us to help one another and ther...
African Refugees and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)<br />Up to 35% of refugees who flee from areas of political  con...
Multicultural Perspective and Clinical Skills…Stepping Outside of Yourself<br />“<br />We don’t see things as they are, we...
Clinical Skills Continued…<br />Consider the client’s:<br />Hybrid Identity (i.e. what culture does the client most strong...
Clinical Theories for Working with Clients of African Descent<br />On the following slides, we present two theories social...
Narrative Exposure Treatment (NET)<br />“NET facilitates both the reconstruction of autobiographic memory and habituation”...
NET Basic Outline<br />Client is given a detailed explanation of the rationale behind the use of NET.<br />Over several se...
NET Continued…<br />Once the narrative is recorded, the account is read back to the client who confirms the accuracy and a...
African Culture and Western Therapy:An Intersection?<br /> “Storytelling has been recognized as one of the most important ...
Implications<br />What are the implications of practicing NET with clients who are of African descent when…<br />“The most...
PyschoEducational Trauma Healing<br />In the following video courtesy of YouTube,ProtasiaGathendoh describes a system for ...
The Ball<br />We leave you with “The Ball,” a video provided courtesy of  YouTube. This video says so much about African C...
References<br />2xbass. (2008). Nelson Mandela - The african tradition of “ubuntu.“ Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Counseling of african refugees by a&j

1,160 views
1,113 views

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,160
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Counseling of african refugees by a&j

  1. 1. By: Jaceson Cole and Allison Holden<br />Clinical Theories and Practice II <br />Spring 2011<br />AFRICA: A CULTURE OF UBUNTU<br />
  2. 2. Ubuntu: "I am what I am because of who we all are." -An Interpretation from Liberian peace activist LeymahGbowee<br />On the following slide, courtesy of YouTube, Nelson Mandela express some further meanings of Ubuntu.<br />
  3. 3. Next up Archbishop Desmond Tutu offers his lively interpretation of Ubuntu<br />Do you see how the concept of Ubuntu reflects what we have learned in Clinical II about Mutual Aid?<br />
  4. 4. There’s Plenty of Ubuntu to go Around!Especially @ GSSW<br />The spirit of Ubuntu compels us to help one another and there is no shortage of those needing help.<br />The United Nations estimates there are some 22 million refugees and internally displaced people who fall under the agency's concern, of which 6.3 billion are in Africa (Bakari, 2001).<br />
  5. 5. African Refugees and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)<br />Up to 35% of refugees who flee from areas of political conflict and war experience PTSD.<br />Traumatic events can cause changes in: “affect, behavior, <br /> physiological <br />functioning, and <br />mental health”<br />(Lesser & Pope, 2011, p. 411).<br />Image courtesy of:<br />The New York Times<br />
  6. 6. Multicultural Perspective and Clinical Skills…Stepping Outside of Yourself<br />“<br />We don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are.” <br />-Anais Nin<br />Consider the client’s: <br />Ethnicity, social class, and experiences of racism and oppression (Lesser & Pope, 2011, p. 143).<br />Forced Migration and Refugee Status (What is the client’s story or their family’s story? What is the history of his/her native country?) (Lesser & Pope, 2011, pp. 177-178).<br />
  7. 7. Clinical Skills Continued…<br />Consider the client’s:<br />Hybrid Identity (i.e. what culture does the client most strongly identify with? What emotions are attached to each cultural identity? In what context does each identity more strongly present?).<br />Gender role shifts post immigration<br />Second Language Acquisition (Do you and the client share enough of the same language to communicate effectively? How did the client learn English? When is his/her native language used?).<br />Acculturation Processes and Coping Styles.<br />Survivor Guilt (Lesser & Pope, 2011, pp. 177-178).<br />
  8. 8. Clinical Theories for Working with Clients of African Descent<br />On the following slides, we present two theories social worker may find useful:<br />Narrative Exposure Treatment<br />PyschoEducational Trauma Healing<br />
  9. 9. Narrative Exposure Treatment (NET)<br />“NET facilitates both the reconstruction of autobiographic memory and habituation” (Neuner et al., 2002, p. 206).<br />NET is similar to CBT, but it is adapted for clients who have suffered prolonged periods of trauma (i.e. refugee camps) versus a single traumatic incident (Neuner et al., 2002).<br />
  10. 10. NET Basic Outline<br />Client is given a detailed explanation of the rationale behind the use of NET.<br />Over several sessions, a client creates a comprehensive narrative of his/her traumatic experience including: sensory, emotional, and cognitive components. <br />The clinician records the account being sure to clarify and carefully point out inconsistencies in the story (Neuner et al., 2002).<br />
  11. 11. NET Continued…<br />Once the narrative is recorded, the account is read back to the client who confirms the accuracy and adds details. This is done several times over three-four sessions until the final version is completed (Neuner et al.).<br />“I will tell you something about stories…they aren’t just entertainment…they are all we have to fight off illness and death. You don’t have anything if you don’t have stories” (Silko, 1977).<br />
  12. 12. African Culture and Western Therapy:An Intersection?<br /> “Storytelling has been recognized as one of the most important traditions within African / American cultures” <br />(Banks-Wallace, 2002, p. 412).<br />What similarities do you see between NET and traditional storytelling?<br />
  13. 13. Implications<br />What are the implications of practicing NET with clients who are of African descent when…<br />“The most respected person in traditional African society was the man or woman who kept the stories” (Banks-Wallace, 2002).<br />What role does this put the clinician? How does this affect the power dynamic between the client and clinician?<br />What is the experience like (and is it helpful) for a client to tell his/her story in a clinical setting and/or to a person of a different culture? <br />
  14. 14. PyschoEducational Trauma Healing<br />In the following video courtesy of YouTube,ProtasiaGathendoh describes a system for conflict transformation after civil unrest in the African nation of Liberia.<br />Notice how the concept of Mutual Aid is being practiced, so that the wounded heal themselves with culturally appropriate methods including storytelling.<br />
  15. 15. The Ball<br />We leave you with “The Ball,” a video provided courtesy of YouTube. This video says so much about African Culture. Be sure to look for the following:<br />Gender roles.<br />Naughty, but industrious children.<br />The authority of adults.<br />Respect for elders, especially with the gogo (African grandma).<br />Property rights, sharing.<br />The importance of sport and being outside.<br />Large groups socializing and working together.<br />Ways of expression, affect.<br />Clever African adaptations of Western inventions and aid, i.e. plastic bags and condoms.<br />What goes around comes around, like a ball <br />
  16. 16. References<br />2xbass. (2008). Nelson Mandela - The african tradition of “ubuntu.“ Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XgY4UvFWbs0<br />Bakari, R. (2001). African refugees must get more help. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol14no4/htm/fugees.htm<br />Banks-Wallace, J. (2002). Talk that talk: Storytelling and analysis rooted in African American oral tradition. Qualitative Health Research, 12(3), 410-426.<br />Jmr5007. (2007). Desmond tutu on ubuntu (semester at sea, spring '07). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ftjdDOfTzbk<br />Juliolau356. (2008). Pyschoeducational trauma healing. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gei4qm04e1c<br />Lesser, J.G. & Pope, D.S. (2011). Human behavior and the social environment theory and practice (2nd ed.) Boston: Allyn & Bacon.<br />Pangeday. (2008). The ball. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErYcScPcaHg<br />Neuner, F., Schauer, M., Roth, W.T., & Elbert, T. (2002). A narrative exposure treatment as intervention in a refugee camp: A case report. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 30, 205-209.<br />Schwarzbaum, S.E. & Thomas, A.J. (2008). Dimensions of multicultural counseling a life story approach. Los Angeles: Sage Publications. <br />

×