e-Governance in Karnataka: An introduction
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e-Governance in Karnataka: An introduction



Slides from a presentation delivered at the Dayananda Sagar college, Bangalore, on April 27, 2007.

Slides from a presentation delivered at the Dayananda Sagar college, Bangalore, on April 27, 2007.



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e-Governance in Karnataka: An introduction e-Governance in Karnataka: An introduction Presentation Transcript

  • e-Gov in Karnataka Kiran Jonnalagadda Comat Technologies kiran.j@comat.com
  • About Comat 10 years old Primarily in e-Governance Startup-like growth curve Three divisions: Go Digi – computerisation projects Go Rural – rural technology projects Rural BPO – rural work opportunities 2
  • Of the various e-governance projects Comat has been involved with in Karnataka, the Bhoomi rural land records Nemmadi system and rural information telecentre projects deserve attention.
  • Bhoomi: Rural Land Records
  • Land Records: Property Rights Why is property important? Means of economic production For example, farming: Fertility of soil, size, proximity to market are important Land generates revenue. Who benefits from this revenue? 5
  • “Land Tenure”
  • “Land Tenure” “The conditions under which land or buildings are held or occupied.”
  • Property Rights aren’t absolute. They’re bounded by the community. The term “tenure” captures this balancing of rights.
  • Huh? Take an example: an independent house on a plot of land, versus a flat in a building. You can rebuild the house and make it bigger. You can’t expand the flat. The “community” of the building defines your rights.
  • Boundaries of Property Your House Plot Plot Plot Plot Pl Road Plot Plot Plot Plot Trade
  • Division of Property
  • Division of Property
  • Division of Property No Access To Road
  • No Access to Road, Really! The “nail house” of Chongqing, China
  • Yang Wu and Wu Ping fought f o r a f a i r p r i ce f o r t h e i r property when a developer tried forcing them to sell cheap by digging a deep ditch around the house. Their story received worldwide attention. Eventually, they won. Fighting it Out
  • joint family? How What about a do you cut up the house? Does it make sense to define property in terms of individuals? What if property is defined “family?” as owned by the
  • Community and Land Tenure Tenure is defined by community Family, neighbourhood, type of land Distinct communities develop distinct tenure systems Tenure is like language and dialect Tendency to fragment; variations depending on local conditions 14
  • Administrative Reform: Defragmentation Administrations prefer simplicity in the interest of manageability Historic tendency (through centuries) to unify similar tenure systems across regions into a common definition Like language again: Hindi and English across India; English across the world 15
  • Introducing Bhoomi Bhoomi is: 1. Computerisation of oral and paper- based records 2. Simplification of tenure systems from over 1200 known types in Karnataka, to 256 16
  • Translations Aren’t Easy Elevator Announcement: “Please close the door. Dayamadi gate muchi” Literally Translated: “Take pity, close the gate” Tenures get similarly mangled in a translation process
  • Computerisation has effects that go far beyond putting computers in front of babus. Effects can be both positive negative. and
  • Positive Effects of Bhoomi Created Transparency Single repository of authoritative information on land ownership Reduced Corruption The village accountant is no longer master of the database; is perfunctory Improved Speed of Processes 19
  • Where do you get a copy of your land records? Nemmadi: Rural Telecentres
  • Common Fallacy Why does rural need special attention? Rural = Poor = Stupid, backward, need to be told what’s good for them Do not fall for this! Rural citizens are perfectly normal people. Examine the circumstances, not the people 21
  • Road Network Density Determines Access to Conveniences & Necessities
  • Information Network? Map from 1986: most of the world is offline
  • Nemmadi expands the geographical reach of the information network
  • 800 telecentres Most locations have 27 districts barely four hours of 177 taluks electric supply at 100 volts, let alone All major internet access. habitation centres How do you setup a kiosk in such a location? By investing in 25 technology
  • The Nemmadi Network Nemmadi Telecentre Network Architecture The Internet Hughes Downlink, Gurgaon RDS, Tata Bhoomi Indicom Servers CDMA Network Private Network GoK SWAN LAN 75% Telecentres with VSAT 25% Telecentres with CDMA Backoffice GoK Taluk Server Private IP Range Public Non-Static IPs No Internet Access 48 kbps 112 kbps (This diagram is a few months old and may no longer be accurate)
  • VSAT – Internet via satellite + UPS Government services: Bhoomi RTC certificate Revenue Dept certificates and services Other departments soon Education: Sarva Shikshana Abhigyan Private services Internet browsing, banking products Several others upcoming 27
  • Q&A Any Questions?