The story of the Pig of Happiness has been scanned into a separate PPT. So, if it’s possible to create a link here that will start up another PPT (just put in a dummy PPT for now) to save me than having to come out of this PPT and going into another PPT, then that would be great.
P4C with young children
P4C in with 3 – 6 year olds www.p4c.com www.challenginglearning.com
P4C – Created by Matthew LipmanThe aim of a thinking skills programme such as P4C is not to turn children into philosophers but to help them become more thoughtful, more reflective, more considerate and more reason-able individuals
Typical format for P4C (with Reception onwards)1. Sit in a circle2. Warm-up game3. Story (or other stimulus)4. Identify the concepts5. Create (philosophical) questions6. Vote for the best (or favourite) question7. Share first thoughts8. Ask for reasons9. Check for understanding10. Create cognitive conflict around the concept11. Compare the concept with other concepts12. Draw conclusions
P4C with young children – A M SharpWhat P4C does is give children the intellectual,social and emotional tools that they need to think well, to think judiciously and reasonably and, by means of the classroom community of inquiry, foster the care,commitment and courage to act on their thinking.
P4C programme by LipmanElfie (5 – 7) General Reasoning and EnquiryKio and Gus (5 – 10) Exploring NaturePixie (5 – 10) General Reasoning and EnquiryHarry (9 – 12) General Reasoning and EnquiryLisa (12 – 15) EthicalSuki (13 – 16) Expression, Writing, PoetryMark (14 – 17) Sociological
One way to summarise P4C …Not all of our questionsanswered …… but all of our answersquestioned
Facts and ConceptsFact Paris is the Knowledge capital of FranceConcept (Capital) cities Understanding
Example question startersWhat is …How do we know what is … Who decides what is …What if …Always or neverWhen would …What is the difference between …Is it possible to …Should we …
Wobblers (If A = B) Friend Play with If A = B then Does B = A? Play with Friend For example …
Cognitive conflict is key to critical thinking I’m not Bob if If I wear I just have a this hat, I name badge am Bob
A selection of thinking skillsANALYSE DESCRIBE GROUP RESPONDANTICIPATE DETERMINE HYPOTHESI SEQUENCEAPPLY DISCUSS SE SIMPLIFYCAUSAL- ELABORATE IDENTIFY SHOW HOWLINK ESTIMATE INFER SOLVECHOOSE EVALUATE INTERPRET SORTCLASSIFY EXEMPLIFY ORGANISE SUMMARISECOMPARE EXPLORE PARAPHRA SUPPORTCONNECT SE GENERALISE TESTCONTRAST PREDICT GIVE VERIFYDECIDE EXAMPLES QUESTION VISUALISEDEFINE GIVE RANK REASONS REPRESEN T
Creating a Community of InquiryFrom www.p4c.com Standing up gameP4C Craft Repeat what someone else said Paraphrase what someone else said Add to what someone else said
“It is utterly false and cruelly arbitrary to putall the play and learning into childhood, all the work into middleage, and all the regrets into old age” Margaret Mead (anthropologist)
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