Argentina is slightly less than three-tenths the size of the U.S. with a population of 40,677,348.
It was first called Tierra Argentina (Silver Land) because the Spanish found silver all along the Paraná and other rivers.
In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain.
Current President Christina Fernández de Kirchner is the first women to be elected to president in Argentina.
Cerro Aconcagua is the Western Hemisphere's tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere
The ceibo is Argentina’s national flower
The hornero (oven bird) is one of Argentina’s national emblems
The blue and white represent the Virgin Mary. White also represents unity .