SDCC ED 300 John Beck Learning Disability Power Point Week 2

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SDCC ED 300 John Beck Learning Disability Power Point Week 2 Dyslexia

SDCC ED 300 John Beck Learning Disability Power Point Week 2 Dyslexia

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  • 1. DyslexiaBy John A Beck SDCC ED 300Professor Lord 9/23/2012
  • 2. What Is Dyslexia? A learning disability. (Nielsen, 2002) It is a neurological issue. (“What is dyslexia,”) The brain has difficulty recognizing and processing symbols. (“Developmental reading disorder, ”)
  • 3. What Causes Dyslexia? No consensus cause. (Nielsen, 2002) Has been linked to particular genes that control how the brain develops. (“Causes, ”) Appears to be inherited. (“Causes, ”)
  • 4. Prevalence 15%-17% of the population is dyslexic. (Nielsen, 2002) 80% of all people labeled “learning disabled” are affected by Dyslexia. (Nielsen, 2002)
  • 5. Characteristics of a Student With Dyslexia Trouble spelling. (Nielsen, 2002) Reversal of words and letters. (Nielsen, 2002) Illegible handwriting. (Nielsen, 2002) Eyes make erratic movements while reading. (Nielsen, 2002) Trouble learning and remembering words via sight. (Nielsen, 2002)
  • 6. Dyslexia Is Unique Not all cases of dyslexia are the same. It affects people to varying levels and degrees. (Marshall) Some dyslexics can read but not write. (Heymans) Some can write, but not read. (Heymans) Varying levels of affect. (Marshall)
  • 7. Dyslexia Is Unique Some letters backwards or upside down. (Marshall) Some cannot tell the difference between similar looking letters. (Marshall) Some might see letters jumbled. (Marshall) Some see letters out of order. (Marshall) Some might be able to see letters fine, but may not be able to sound out words. (Marshall)
  • 8. What It Can Look Like (Heymans)
  • 9. What It Can Look Like (Heymans)
  • 10. What It Can Look Like (Heymans)
  • 11. Dyslexia Can Affect Anyone “A disorder manifested by difficulty in learning to read despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity.” (Nielsen, 2002) Dyslexia is NOT related to intelligence level. Dyslexia does not equal less intelligent. (“Dyslexia, ”)
  • 12. What People With Dyslexia Look Like Dyslexia affects a wide range of people. (“Famous people with, ”)
  • 13. How Teachers Can Help Use a multisensory approach. Employ auditory and kinesthetic tactics. (Nielsen, 2002) Never force a dyslexic to read aloud in class. (Nielsen, 2002) Allow dyslexic students to demonstrate their knowledge through alternative assessments. (Nielsen, 2002)
  • 14. How Teachers Can Help Provide handouts of notes so students can focus on listening to lectures and not writing the lecture down. (Schachter) Allow students to record lectures so they can transcribe later on. (Schachter) Be supportive, positive, and helpful. (Heymans)
  • 15. ReferencesCauses. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dyslexia/DS00224/DSECTION=causesDevelopmental reading disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002379/Dyslexia. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.visionandlearning.org/dyslexia08.htmlFamous people with the gift of dyslexia. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dyslexia.com/famous.htmHeymans, Y. (n.d.). Dyslexia. Retrieved from http://www.etni.org.il/etninews/inter2d.htmMarshall, A. (n.d.). Understanding and recognizing dyslexia. Retrieved from http://www.dyslexia.com/library/information.htm
  • 16. ReferencesNielsen, L. (2002). Brief reference of student disabilities with strategies for the classroom. (pp. 67-73). Thousand Oaks, California.: Corwin Press.Schachter, R. (n.d.). Dyslexia: What teachers need to know. Retrieved from http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/dyslexia-what-teachers-need-knowWhat is dyslexia. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dyslexia.org/dyslexia.shtml