Transcript of "Garbage marpol annex 5 for mariner"
MARPOL - Amendments to Annex V
3rd October 2012Introduction
New MARPOL Annex V requirements regarding the disposal of garbage
from ships and fixed and floating platforms are due to enter into force
on 1 January 2013.
The new regulations represent a major change as, other than for
certain defined permitted discharges, they will prohibit the disposal of
garbage at sea. Therefore, as from the beginning of next year, it will
become common practice for ships to send their garbage to reception
facilities ashore when disposing of ship-generated waste.
It is likely that shipboard garbage destined to be sent to a port waste
reception facility will need to be segregated. The requirements for the
port concerned should be sought and followed in this respect. Given
that some ports may not be able to receive and process all types of
waste, the garbage processing capability of the port should be
checked prior to arrival.
Cleaning agents and additives used in washing down decks and holds
may be discharged into the sea provided that they are not harmful to
the marine environment. Products considered suitable for discharge
are those which are not defined as a harmful substance by the criteria
set out in MARPOL Annex III and do not contain any
carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic components. In addition, ships
will need to
maintain records showing that any cleaning agent or additive used
was not harmful to the marine environment. IMO recommends that the
supplier provides a signed and dated statement to this effect, either as
part of a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or as a stand-alone
It is important to note that ash residues from shipboard incinerators will
be classified as operational waste. Ash is therefore deemed to be
garbage and its disposal into the sea will not be permitted.
Discharge Criteria – Outside Special Areas
When ships are outside one of the MARPOL Annex V special areas
they will be permitted to discharge:
Food waste that has been comminuted or ground (ie able to pass
through a screen or mesh with holes of no larger than 25mm)
when as far as possible, but at least 3 nautical miles, from the
nearest land and “en route” (defined by the regulations as being
underway at sea on a course which will cause the discharge to be
spread over as great an area of the sea as is reasonable and
Food waste that has not been comminuted or ground when as far
as possible, but at least 12 nautical miles, from the nearest land
whilst en route.
Cargo residues including wash water residues which cannot be
unloaded using commonly available means and which are not
harmful to the marine environment when as far as possible, but at least
12 nautical miles, from the nearest land whilst en route.
Animal carcasses in the maximum possible depth of water en route
provided the ship is at least 100 nautical miles from the nearest land. If
animal carcasses are discharged into the sea they must be split or
otherwise treated so that they sink immediately. If a ship cannot comply
with this requirement due to a passage where the vessel will not sail
more than 100 nautical miles from the nearest land, disposal of the
carcasses will be permitted at least 12 nautical miles from the nearest
land if the Master determines that retaining the carcasses will create a
health and safety risk to the personnel and live animals on board during
periods of high heat and humidity. It will also be necessary to note the
circumstances in the Garbage Record Book. The regulations encourage
Masters to provide copies of such entries to the vessel’s Flag State and to
the Administration of the State where the ship commenced the voyage.
Should the number of animal mortalities exceed the level normally
expected due to, for example, the failure of a watering system or an
outbreak of disease, an unusually large amount of animal carcasses will
not be considered to be garbage and will therefore not be subject to the
provisions MARPOL Annex V. Should such a situation arise, the Guidance
on Managing Spoilt Cargoes prepared by the Joint London
Convention/MEPC Working Group should be followed -
cleaning agents and additives contained in wash water from cargo
holds, decks and external surfaces provided that such products are
not harmful to the marine environment. If non-harmful wash water is to
be discharged, no minimum distance from the nearest land is
specified and there is no requirement for the vessel to be en route.
Discharge Criteria – Within Special Areas
The MARPOL special areas are the Baltic Sea, North
Sea, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Red Sea, the Gulfs Area, Wider
Caribbean Region and the Antarctic Area. However, due to a lack of
shore reception facilities in the Black Sea and Red Sea, these regions
will not be classified immediately as special areas for the discharge
of garbage when the new regulations enter into force.
When ships are within a MARPOL Annex V special area the following
discharges will be permitted:
Food waste that has been comminuted or ground (ie able to pass
through a screen or mesh with holes of no larger than 25mm) when as
far as possible, but at least 12 nautical miles, from the nearest land or
ice shelf whilst en route. However, in the Antarctic Special Area the
discharge of avian (bird) products including poultry will not be
permitted unless made sterile beforehand.
Cargo residues and cleaning agents and additives contained in
cargo hold wash water which are not harmful to the marine
environment when as far as possible, but at least 12 nautical
miles, from the nearest land or ice shelf whilst en route. Such an
operation may only take place if the departure port and the
destination port are situated within the same special area, that no
suitable reception facilities are available at either port and that the
ship will not proceed outside the special area when sailing between
Cleaning agents and additives contained in deck and external
surfaces wash water that are not harmful to the marine environment.
The regulations do not specify a minimum distance from the nearest
land or ice shelf or require the vessel to be en route
MARPOL Annex V Reference Material
Further information regarding the new requirements can be found in
the following IMO documents:
Revised Text of MARPOL Annex V – Resolution MEPC.201(62)
2012 Guidelines for the Implementation of MARPOL Annex V –
2012 Guidelines for the Development of Garbage Management
Plans – Resolution MEPC.220(63)
Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships: IMO guidance on
MARPOL Annex V
Simplified Overview of the Discharge Provisions of the Revised
MARPOL Annex V (Resolution MEPC.201(62)) which will Enter into
Force on 1 January 2013. – Discharge provision table
Members are advised to review the full text of the revised MARPOL
Annex V and should ensure their ships comply with the new
requirements by 1 January 2013. For further information, please
contact the Loss Prevention department.
1. Shipboard Garbage Pollution Sources
’’Garbage means all kinds of victual, domestic and operational
waste excluding fresh fish and parts thereof, generated during
the normal operation of the ship and liable to be disposed
of continuously or periodically except those substances which
are defined or listed in other Annexes to the present
2. Biological / economic effects of garbage disposal
• Plastics do not biodegrade (animals can mistake plastic for food)
- aquatic animals get trapped in plastic ropes, nets, bags,etc
- plastic can kill bottom growing plants
• Food waste is usually biodegradable but:
- may upset balance of food chain
- may promote algae blooms
- garbage can become attached to ships and their equipment leading
to interruptions in a vessel's operations
- beaches with polluted seas can have a negative effect on tourism
Time taken for objects to dissolve at sea
Time to degrade
Pastic six pack rings
2 - 4 months
400 years +
3. Special Areas” according to MARPOL:
Mediterranean, Baltic, Black Sea, Red Sea, The Gulfs Area,Arabian
and Gulf of Oman,The North Sea, The Antarctic, The Wider Caribbean
Region including Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Note: The Great Barrier Reef. The „nearest land” as defined in MARPOL,
off the North - east of Australia, is to be considered as the outer edge of
The Great Barrier Reef and not the mainland. As such, all discharges
(including food waste) are prohibited in The Great Barrier Reef region.
The Special Area requirements for these areas have not taken
effect because of lack of notifications from MARPOL Parties
whose coastlines border the relevant special areas on the
existence of adequate reception facilities.
the following areas to be environmentally
sensitive and therefore to be considered the same as a
MARPOL special area unless discharge of garbage is
considered absolutely essential for the efficient operation of
• Inside the US EEZ (200 miles from the nearest
coast or territorial island)
• Irish Sea
• Inland Sea of Japan
• Malacca Strait from One Fathom Bank to Horsburgh
4. REQUIREMENTS FOR DISPOSAL OF GARBAGE AT SEA
Outside Special Areas
In Special Areas
Plastics including ropes, nets, bags
Floating dunnage, lining, packing
>25 miles offshore *
Ground – down*paper products,
rags, glass, metal, bottles, crockery, etc
>3 miles offshore
Cargo residues, paper products, rags,
glass, metal, bottles, crockery etc
>12 miles offshore
Food waste comminuted or ground **
>12 miles offshore
>12 miles offshore
>12 miles offshore
* ”offshore” meaning from the ”nearest land” are base lines from which territorial sea is measured
** Comminuted or ground garbage must pass through a screen with a mesh size no larger than
*** Vessel's incinerator must be able to burn plastics. Ash generated from plastic incineration is not to
discharged in any sea area. Incineration of Polyvinyl Chlorides (PVCs) shall be prohibited
except in incinerators for which IMO type approval certificates have been issued.
When the garbage is mixed with other discharges having different
disposal or discharge requirements the more stringent requirements
Regulations related to garbage disposal, shall not apply to:
• securing the safety of life or the ship; or
• the escape of garbage resulting from damage to a ship or its
equipment provided all reasonable precautions have been taken
before and after the damage, for the purpose of preventing or
minimizing the escape; or
• the accidental loss of synthetic fishing nets or synthetic material
incidental to the repair of such nets, provided that all reasonable
precautions have been taken to prevent such loss.
5. Reception facilities
1. The Government of each Party to the Convention
has to provide appropriate facilities at ports
and terminals for the reception of garbage,
without causing undue delay to ships.
2. The Government of each Party has to notify
the IMO of all cases where the facilities
provided under this Regulation are inadequate.
Some ports (particularly members of the Paris MOU) now require advance warning
of waste to be disposed of. The waste includes oil, chemicals, ballast, sewage and garbage.
The method of reporting this is to send Company form SAF13 to the agents prior to
arrival. Note that this form may be required even if no waste is to be landed. The local
agent is to be asked to confirm accordingly.
6. Port State Control on operational requirements*
1. when in port a ship can be inspected by authorized PSC officers
2. if the master or crew are not familiar with essential shipboard
procedures preventing pollution by garbage, all should be done
to ensure that the situation has been brought to order
3. if ships equipment is broken or missing or ship has suffered
damages en route, Port Authorities must be informed accordingly
and if remedies were agreed with the flag state, the ship is not
to be detained.
* Refer to the Procedures for port State control resolution
A.787(19) as amended by resolution A.882(21);
7. Placards, garbage management plans
and garbage record-keeping
posters (notices) are to be displayed in the working language
of the ship and English or French or Spanish, informing crew
and passengers of the disposal requirements of garbage
on board ships 12 or more meters long
7.2. Garbage management plan
all ships of 400 gross tonnage and above and ships carrying
more than 15 persons shall carry a Garbage Management
Plan and Garbage Disposal Record (Garbage Record Book)
The Plan should include :
- written procedures for: collecting, storing, processing
and disposing of garbage (using onboard equipment)
- the designated person in charge of carrying out the plan
The Plan should be :
- in the working language of the crew and adapted for
- regularly reviewed and checked by the Master if the it is being
correctly adapted as part of his weekly inspections.
7.3. Collection of Garbage
- containers for collecting garbage - clearly marked by the
appropriate colours and additionally by stencil.
- food waste is to be collected only in mess rooms, galleys,
and food preparation areas
7.4. Processing of Garbage
Ships may be provided with onboard incinerators,
compactors, comminuters or other equipment
for garbage processing
Advantages of such facilities:
disposal of certain garbage possible at sea
onboard storage space reduction
helpful in unloading garbage at a port
allowing absorption of some types of garbage
Garbage should be processed under the categories included in Par.4 attached
Table entitled: ”REQUIREMENTS FOR DISPOSAL OF GARBAGE AT SEA”
Processing must ensure that the minimum amount of garbage or waste is
disposed of to shore.
• Shipboard incinerators installed on or after 01 January, 2000 are required to
comply with IMO specification MEPC 76 (40).
• Existing incinerators installed before 01 January, 2000 are acceptable
provided they are type approved in accordance with MEPC 59 (33).
NOTE: Existing incinerators that are not type approved may still be utilized
provided they are not used for Polyvinyl Chlorides (PVC s).
Incineration of the following substances is prohibited (ref: MARPOL Annex VI):
a) Cargo Residues and related contaminated packing materials (Annex I, II, III)
b) Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
c) Garbage containing more than a trace of heavy metals
(used in coatings, paints, packaging, etc.)
d) Refined petroleum products containing halogen compounds
7.6. Storing and disposing of garbage
All disposal of garbage must be consistent with MARPOL 73/78 Regulations
included in Par.4 ,Table entitled:
”REQUIREMENTS FOR DISPOSAL OF GARBAGE AT SEA”
All processed and unprocessed garbage shall be:
- stored in tight, good condition, securely covered containers so that no
garbage is released into the environment. (also required by Port Health
and Agriculture Authorities in many countries from a health and disease
control point of view)
- landed to reception facilities ashore and the Master shall ensure
that all local regulations are adhered to
- processed according to the vessel’s local agent requirements
such as segregation, cleanliness of garbage and disposal
containers / transportation bags
Note: USDA (United States Dept of Agriculture) restricts the type of waste for vessels going to USA,
where food waste not originating from USA or Canada has to be separated.
Food waste also includes anything contaminated with food , packaging, wrapping etc
7.7. Garbage Disposal Record Book
(Garbage Record Book)
The Garbage Disposal Record should be used :
when garbage is discharged in the sea
when garbage is discharged to reception facilities ashore
or to another ship
when garbage is incinerated
for any accidental or exceptional discharge of garbage.
on board for minimum 2 years and to be available for inspection
by port officials
for receipts or certificates for any garbage landed ashore (including the
type of garbage and estimated amount). These receipts are to be kept
for a minimum of 2 years.
7.8. Items entered into the Garbage Record Book:
1. Date and Time
2. Position of the ship (where cargo residues are disposed of at sea,
the discharge start and stop positions must be recorded)
3. Estimated amount and category discharged into the sea (m3)
4. Estimated amount and category discharged to reception facilities(m3)
5. Estimated amount and category incinerated (m3)
Each discharge operation, or completed incineration, shall be
recorded and signed by the officer in charge.
Each completed page of the Garbage Record Book shall be signed
by the master of the ship. The entries in the GRB shall be at least in English,
French or Spanish. Where the entries are also made in an official language
of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly, these entries shall prevail in
case of a dispute or discrepancy.
7.9. Garbage Record Book inspections
1. The competent authority may inspect the Garbage
Record Book on board any ship while the ship is
in ports or offshore terminals and may make a copy
of any entry in that book, and may require the master
of the ship to certify that the copy is a true copy
of such an entry.
2. Any copy which has been certified by the master of
the ship as a true copy of an entry in the ship’s
Garbage Record Book, shall be admissible in any
judicial proceedings as evidence of the facts stated
in the entry.
8. Inadequacy of Reception Facilities
it is recognised that the discharge of garbage in some
ports is difficult. Table 3 of Garbage Management
gives a recommended reporting format which allows
the master to report on any inadequacy discovered.
where reception facilities are considered inadequate,
the agent is to be given this report which must be
forwarded to the relevant authorities. A copy is also to
be sent to the Company.
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