Classification societes. presentation mariner


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Classification societes. presentation mariner

  1. 1. Assignment : Classification Prepared by: 1. ABDUL JABBAR KHAN
  2. 2.        1. Introduction 2. Definition 3. Classification societies today 4. list of classification societies, members of IACS 5. Surveys by Classification 6. Scope of classification 7. Suspension and withdrawal of class
  3. 3. Classification societies are organizations that establish and apply technical standards in relation to the design, construction and survey of marine related facilities including ships and offshore structures. It is a non-governmental and also non-profit making organization. More than 50 organizations worldwide define their activities as providing marine classification. Ten of those organizations form the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS). Classification societies has been recognized in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, (SOLAS) and in the 1988 Protocol to the International Convention on Load Lines. Classification rules are developed to assess the structural strength and integrity of essential parts of the ship’s hull and its appendages, and the reliability and the function of the propulsion and steering systems, power generation and those other features and auxiliary systems which have been built into the ship in order to maintain essential services on board.
  4. 4. A non-governmental organisation in the shipping industry, a classification society establishes and maintains technical standards for construction and operation of marine vessels and offshore structures. The primary role of the society is to classify ships and validate that their design and calculations are in accordance with the published standards. It also carries out periodical survey of ships to ensure that they continue to meet the parameters of set standards. The society is also responsible for classification of all offshore structures including platforms and submarines. .
  5. 5. Classification societies today Today there are more than fifty classification societies in the world 1.Classification societies are organizations that establish and apply technical standards in relation to the design, construction and survey of marine related facilities including ships and offshore structures 2.The vast majority of ships are built and surveyed to the standards laid down by classification societies. 3.These standards are issued by the classification society as published rules. A vessel that has been designed and built to the appropriate rules of a society may apply for a certificate of classification from that society. The society issues this certificate upon completion of relevant classification surveys
  6. 6. International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) Thirteen largest marine classification societies in the world are the members of the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS). IACS was founded in Hamburg, Germany on September 11, 1968. The classification standards set by the thirteen member societies of IACS are covering more than 90% of the world's cargo carrying ships’ tonnage.
  7. 7. logo name abbr. founded headqarters American Bureau of Shipping ABS 1862 Houston, Texas, USA Bureau Veritas BV Neuilly-sur-Seine, France China Classification Society CCS 1956 China Croatian Register of Shipping CRS 1949 Split, Croatia Det Norske Veritas DNV 1864 Bærum, Norway 1828 official web
  8. 8. Germanischer Lloyd GL 1867 Indian Register of Shipping IRS 1975 Mumbai, India Korean Register KR of Shipping 1960 Daejeon, Korea Lloyd's Register LR London, United 1760 Kingdom Hamburg, Germany NK/ Nippon Kaiji Kyokai Class 1899 Tokyo, Japan NK Polish Register of PRS 1936 Gdańsk, Poland Shipping Registro Italiano RINA 1861 Genoa, Italy Navale Russian Maritime Register of RS Saint Petersburg, 1913 Russian Federation
  9. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Initial Survey Renewal Survey Annual Survey Intermediate Survey Periodical Survey
  10. 10. An initial survey is an inspection of the design and construction of the relevant structure, machinery and equipment of the ship to ensure that it complies with the requirements of the regulations and is fit for the service for which the ship is intended.
  11. 11. 1. A renewal survey is an inspection of the structure, machinery and/or equipment, as applicable, to ensure that their condition remains in compliance with the requirements of the regulations. 2. Modifications to the ship having a bearing on the conformity of the vessel to the requirements are to be declared by the owner and inspected.
  12. 12. General inspection of the relevant structure and equipment of the ship to confirm that it has been maintained in accordance with the regulations and remains satisfactory for the service for which it is intended.
  13. 13. An inspection of specified items relevant to the particular certificate to confirm that they are in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended. Depending on the certificate concerned and the age of the ship, the scope may range from that of an annual survey to the equivalent of a renewal.
  14. 14. Renewal surveys for those certificates which previously were renewed after one or two years.
  15. 15.    Implementing the published rules, the classification process consists of: A technical review of the design plans and related documents for a new vessel to verify compliance with the applicable rules; Attendance at the construction of the vessel in the shipyard by a classification society surveyor(s), and at the relevant production facilities that provide key components such as the steel, engine, generators and castings, to verify that the vessel is constructed in accordance with the classification rules;
  16. 16. •Upon satisfactory completion of the above, the shipowner’s request for the issuance of a class certificate will be considered by the relevant classification society and, if deemed satisfactory, the assignment of class will be approved and a certificate of classification issued; •Once in service, the owner must submit the vessel to a clearly specified program of periodical class surveys, carried out onboard the vessel, to verify that the ship continues to meet the relevant rule conditions for continuation of class. Class rules do not cover every piece of structure or item of equipment on board a vessel, nor do they cover operational elements. Activities which generally fall outside the scope of classification include such items as: design and manufacturing processes; choice of type and IACS is governed by a Council, with each Member represented by a high management figure.
  17. 17. 1. Requested by the owner, 2. The class has been suspended for more than six months, 3. The ship is reported as a constructive total loss and the owner does not give his intentions to repair the ship for re-instatement of class, 4. The ship is reported lost 5. The ship will not trade further as declared by its owner. Withdrawal of class takes effect from the date on which the circumstances causing such withdrawal occur or when it is decided.
  18. 18. When class is suspended or withdrawn, the society will at the same time: • Inform the owner, flag Administration and underwriters. • Delete the ship from the Register of Ships.