Cloud Presentation Cloudbook Gia Slideshare

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The presentation I held on 14 jan 2010 for 'Genootschap Informatie Architecten' about cloud computing. It is an addon to the cloudcomputing book published by TIEM.

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  • Cloud computing has the potential to create irreversible changes in how computers are used around the world, says David Carrera, director of the Cloud Computing (CC) research team at Spain’s Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC). Carrera says cloud computing technology’s objective is to move any applications stored on a computer to a remote location, eliminating all the standard components, including operating systems and hard drives, which are necessary in today’s computers and make them accessible online through a standard browser. Traditional computers will become obsolete, and instead of traveling with laptops, users will be able to rent a computer and access all of the information and programs online. Carrera says the ultimate goal of cloud computing is to mix and manage applications in an intelligent manner. For example, cloud computing could be used to create software that monitors the response of a machine or appliance in real time and controls its power supply, optimizing energy use and saving money, Carrera says. The CC team is researching systems for coordinating the thousands of terminals and nodes that compose the cloud, a major concern of technology companies. “By applying artificial intelligence to the cloud, we are hoping to develop a system through which computers can manage themselves,”
  • GRID and SMARTGRIDConnectivity always and everywhereOnline Apps revolution (socializing)Costs: back to the pay per cycle timeGreen IT: less power, less polution  requires a lot of flexibilityClick 1: Outsourcing 2.0. Second step in an already running process.Click 2: Privacy 2.0 DNA rights example. Changes in society.
  • Cloud Presentation Cloudbook Gia Slideshare

    1. 1. Subjects:<br /><ul><li>Introduction
    2. 2. Cloud Integration
    3. 3. Future</li></ul>On to the<br />Introduction<br />
    4. 4. Cloud computing is a pay-per-use model for enabling available, convenient, on-demand accessto a shared pool of configurable computing resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. <br />Lots of definitions of Cloud Computing<br />
    5. 5. Definitions of Cloud Computing<br />Clouds are hardware-based services<br />offering compute, network and storage capacity where: <br />▪ Hardware management is highly abstracted from the buyer<br />▪ Buyers incur infrastructure costs as variable OPEX<br />▪ Infrastructure capacity is highly elastic (up or down)<br />
    6. 6. Quotes<br />“Cloud computing has the potential to create irreversible changes in how computers are used around the world”<br />“Cloud computing technology’s objective is to move any application stored on a computer to a remote location, eliminating all the standard components, including operating systems and hard drives, which are necessary in today’s computers and make them accessible online through a standard browser. “<br />
    7. 7. Simple Cloud Definition<br />Resources As A <br />Commodity<br />Comparable to a supermarket<br />
    8. 8. How IT used to be.<br />That’s 3 servers, 15 licences, 4 routers, 2 networks…. <br />Do you have an online webshop for me?<br />Switching over from request<br />to demand based……….<br />
    9. 9. Infrastructure<br />AS A SERVICE<br />Platform<br />Software<br />Deployment Models<br />
    10. 10. Setup your own cloud-service<br />Datacenter on SOAP<br />Basic costs: <br />Connectivity<br />CPU<br />Storage<br />Direct and On-Demand Provisioning<br />Differentiated by smart network services<br />Infrastructure As A Service<br />
    11. 11. Specific platform that is programmable.<br />Infrastructure transparent<br />On demand up and down scaling<br />Provide a technology lock-in<br />Reseller models for applications<br />Samples: Google AppEngine, Salesforce.com, ZOHO<br />Platform As A Service<br />
    12. 12. ASP application with cloud characteristics<br />Integration standards are missing<br />Possible lock-in<br />Fast growing segment with startups:<br />Photo/Video sites<br />Consumer Financials<br />Social<br />Software As A Service<br />
    13. 13. Factors<br />Connectivity<br />GRID<br />Cost reduction. Focus on operational expenses.<br />Flexibility. IT support should be up to web-speed.<br />High level SLA.<br />Usage based cost model.<br />Easy upscaling. <br />Less maintenance. Less visible technology.<br />Open standards.<br />Easy to control and maintain.<br />Costs<br />Online<br />Apps<br />Green IT<br />Privacy<br />Outsourcing<br />2.0<br />2.0<br />
    14. 14. Type Of Clouds<br />Public Clouds<br />Everything for the end-user<br />Private Clouds<br />Plain Old Data Center Infrastructure (mostly NOT!)<br />Off-premise Specialized Cloud<br />How your IT should work<br />Hybrid Clouds<br />Surge computing (on demand capacity)<br />
    15. 15. About the Economy Of Scale<br />Rules of the supermarket apply:<br /><ul><li>Just-In-Time planning
    16. 16. Demand based warehouse management
    17. 17. Operational excellence
    18. 18. A tiny optimization can already lead to profit
    19. 19. Expensive in CAPEX, low in OPEX</li></ul>Sample of Microsoft Datacenter Strategy : http://bit.ly/5X6sjn<br />
    20. 20. Global References <br />Amazon Web Services : http://aws.amazon.com<br />Microsoft <br />Azure : http://www.windowsazure.com (iaas)<br />BPOS : http://www.microsoft.com/online/<br />Salesforce.com<br />platform http://www.force.com<br />Application http://www.salesforce.com<br />Google<br />AppEnginehttp://code.google.com/appengine/ (paas)<br />Apps http://www.google.com/a (saas)<br />
    21. 21. Next:<br /><ul><li> Introduction
    22. 22. Cloud Integration
    23. 23. Future</li></ul>About<br />Cloud Integration…<br />
    24. 24. Cloud integration mechanisms<br />Decoupled<br />Store-front<br />Inside-Out<br />
    25. 25. About Seperation Of Concern<br />Business<br />Process<br />Online delivers online functionality based on:<br /><ul><li> Requests from the business
    26. 26. Available services</li></ul>If functionality is needed online that is not currently available through services this should be arranged directly. <br />Online<br />website<br />The separation of concerns between the process and business part of the organization should be reflected in the architecture.<br />
    27. 27. Build to change vs. Design to last<br /><ul><li>Build to change:
    28. 28. Agile development and deployment
    29. 29. Quick incorporation of new presentation standards
    30. 30. Design to last
    31. 31. Fixed interfaces, comprehensive definitions
    32. 32. Focused on the process
    33. 33. 40/30/20/10% rule applies</li></ul>Frontends<br />Services<br />
    34. 34. Decoupled: Force.com<br />1<br />SFA<br />HRM<br />KMS<br />Custom<br />Force<br />Sites<br />Force.com<br />Force<br />Sites<br />Force<br />Sites<br />2<br />3<br />SAP<br />SAP initiates import and export of data. Orders in force.com are unresolved and new customers will be leads until a successful feedback of the backend is given.<br />This mechanism is called decoupled and requires not much changes on the current IT landscape.<br />Independent development of steps is possible:<br />Front-end User Interface (starting with leads)<br />Loading of customer data from your backend<br />Getting contracted updates and changes to your backend<br />
    35. 35. References Decoupled<br />www.force.com (salesforce.com PAAS)<br />http://www.informaticaondemand.com/ (integration as a service)<br />
    36. 36. Decoupled<br /><ul><li>Can be implemented without backend where updates are managed manually
    37. 37. Strong separation of concern
    38. 38. Only keep parts highly available for the Internet and not for internal use (no costs)
    39. 39. No problems in maintenance and update schedules
    40. 40. Mandates an asynchronous application design.</li></li></ul><li>Storefront using AWS<br />Business<br />Build For Change<br />Process<br />Build To Last<br />CMS<br />HR<br />CRM<br />sales<br />DB<br />static<br />data<br />Process Layer<br />Online Integration (I/O)<br />CDN<br />BASIC<br />Customer<br />Data<br />Content<br />Data<br />Site<br />Logic<br />User (Browser)<br />
    41. 41. References Storefront<br />Amazon Cloudfront CDN : http://aws.amazon.com/cloudfront<br />Vordel XML Gateway appliance (for Online Integration layer): http://www.vordel.com/products/vx_gateway/<br />
    42. 42. Storefront<br />Enhances the companies webpresence by placing this in the cloud<br />Physical separation of concern<br />Very fast and scalable for content<br />Technology independent because integration is in the frontend<br />
    43. 43. Example Inside-Out: Google<br /><ul><li> Extends current application infrastructure
    44. 44. Keeps secure data out of the cloud
    45. 45. High performance infrastructure needed which can be placed in a (private) cloud
    46. 46. Extends existing service oriented mechanisms</li></ul>Can also be used in other scenario’s as extension for the internal infrastructure.<br />
    47. 47. References Inside Out<br />Eucalyptus open elastic http://open.eucalyptus.com/<br />Cast Iron integration appliance http://www.castiron.com/<br />
    48. 48. Inside Out<br />Use cloud resources when needed from inside:<br />Cloudbursting (hadoop)<br />Surge computing (cpu on demand)<br />Enterprise Application Webservices<br />For (more) mature IT environments<br />Scaling up performance, scale back IT<br />
    49. 49. What to use?<br />Inbound<br />logistics<br />Opera<br />tions<br />Outbound<br />Logistics<br />Marketing<br />& Sales<br />Service<br />Inside-Out<br />Decoupled<br />Store-front<br />Sample of an basic architecture based on Porter’s Value Chain<br />
    50. 50. Migration Tactics<br /><ul><li>Slow adoption strategyUse a small feature basis and roll-out new ones weekly instead of big bang
    51. 51. Use intermediate data formatsMigration data always in independent formats for rollback/alternative scenario
    52. 52. Plan company data backup (retention)
    53. 53. Network and infrastructure planningSince network connectivity is key for cloud</li></ul>Fail fast,<br />Fail Often<br />Release Early<br />Release Often<br />
    54. 54. Next:<br /><ul><li> Introduction
    55. 55. Cloud Integration
    56. 56. Future</li></li></ul><li>Future<br />Personal Enterprise Services<br />Open Networks Everywhere<br />Generation Y / Responsibility<br />Bring Your Own Hardware and Get Your Own Services<br />Internet/Cloud of Things<br />

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