Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Marketing chapter 2[1]
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Marketing chapter 2[1]

  • 1,262 views
Published

 

Published in Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,262
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
147
Comments
1
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • Note to Instructor
    Strategic planning sets the stage for the rest of the planning in the firm. This weblink directs you to the strategic planning page in the Office of Strategy Management at the American University of Beirut (AUB).
    Discussion Question
    How might the strategic plan of the college or university influence decisions in the schools programs and offerings. How might it influence decisions in food services, dormitories, executive education, and undergraduate versus graduate programs.
  • Note to Instructor
    A mission statement should:
    Not be myopic in product terms
    Meaningful and specific
    Motivating
    Emphasize the company’s strengths
    Contain specific workable guidelines
    Not be stated as making sales or profits
  • Note to Instructor
    This Web link is to Procter & Gamble is an interesting site to explore with the students. Click on the Family of products.
    Discussion Question
    Which product categories might be growing markets, slower markets, and emerging markets. This site can be explored again when viewing Figure 2.2—the BCG grid.
  • Note to Instructor
    Stars are high-growth, high-share businesses or products requiring heavy investment to finance rapid growth. They will eventually turn into cash cows.
    Cash cows are low-growth, high-share businesses or products that are established and successful SBUs requiring less investment to maintain market share.
    Question marks are low-share business units in high-growth markets requiring a lot of cash to hold their share.
    Dogs are low-growth, low-share businesses and products that may generate enough cash to maintain themselves but do not promise to be large sources of cash.
  • Note to Instructor
    Real Marketing 2.1 provides a good example about a Mo’men Sandwich, a company that grew with an objective of managing “profitable growth.” Mo’men sandwich launched its first branch in 1988 as a family-run business for sandwich takeaway and delivery. Today, Mo’men is the third biggest player in Egypt’s fast-food market and has the third biggest market share, serving over 9.5 million customers a year. This transformation from a small family business to one of Egypt’s leading fast-food players did not happen overnight; it is the result of a combination of ingredients which, when put together, created the perfect recipe for success. Simply, it has had to manage its growth strategy carefully in order to maintain its high quality standards.
  • Note to Instructor
    This Web link leads to the hompage for Alrifai. This is a good website that provides examples of growth strategies. The homepage lists their products, markets, branches…
  • Note to Instructor
    The value chain: Carrefour’s promise to provide lower prices (“Thanks to our massive buying power, we guarantee to cut costs and keep our prices low”) depends on the contributions of people in all of the company’s departments.
  • Note to Instructor
    Toyota partners with its suppliers and helps them meet its very high expectations. Creating satisfied suppliers helps Toyota produce lowercost, higher-quality cars, which in turn result in more satisfied customers.
  • Note to Instructor
    Consumers stand in the center. The goal is to create value for customers and build profitable customer relationships. Next comes marketing strategy—the marketing logic by which the company hopes to create this customer value and achieve these profitable relationships. The company decides which customers it will serve (segmentation and targeting) and how (differentiation and positioning). It identifies the total market, then divides it into smaller segments, selects the most promising segments, and focuses on serving and satisfying the customers in these segments. Guided by marketing strategy, the company designs an integrated marketing mix made up of factors under its control—product, price, place, and promotion (the four Ps). To find the best marketing strategy and mix, the company engages in marketing analysis, planning, implementation, and control. Through these activities, the company watches and adapts to the actors and forces in the marketing environment.
  • Note to Instructor
    This link goes to the nike.com site. Explore with the students the different segments including gender Nike Women, psychographics (sports centric including football), and age.
    Discussion Questions (can include the topic of positioning which is on the following slide).
    Specific questions for the students:
    How does Nike segment their market?
    What appears to be their most important segments?
    How does Nike position their products in the marketplace?
  • Note to Instructor
    It is interesting to ask how to make the 4Ps more customer centric? This leads to a redefining of the 4Ps to the 4Cs as follows:
    Product—Customer solution
    Price—Customer cost
    Place—Convenience
    Promotion—Communication
  • Note to Instructor
    Functional organization: This is the most common form of marketing organization with different marketing functions headed by a functional specialist.
    Geographic organization: Useful for companies that sell across the country or internationally. Managers are responsible for developing strategies and plans for a specific region.
    Product management: Useful for companies with different products or brands. Managers are responsible for developing strategies and plans for a specific product or brand.
    Market or customer management organization: Useful for companies with one product line sold to many different markets and customers. Managers are responsible for developing strategies and plans for their specific markets or customers.
    Customer management involves a customer focus and not a product focus for managing customer profitability and customer equity.
  • Note to Instructor
    Marketers must continually plan their analysis, implementation, and control activities.
    Operating control involves checking ongoing performance against an annual plan and taking corrective action as needed.
    Strategic control involves looking at whether the company’s basic strategies are well matched to its opportunities.

Transcript

  • 1. Ch 2 -0 1 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 2. Principles of Marketing, Arab World Edition Philip Kotler, Gary Armstrong, Anwar Habib, Ahmed Tolba Presentation prepared by Annelie Moukaddem Baalbaki CHAPTER TWO Company and Marketing Strategy: Partnering to Build Customer Relationships Lecturer: Insert your name here Ch 2 -1 Ch 1 -2 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 3. Company and Marketing Strategy Topic Outline 2.1 Companywide Strategic Planning: Defining Marketing’s Role 2.2 Designing the Business Portfolio 2.3 Planning Marketing: Partnering to Build Customer Relationships 2.4 Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Mix 2.5 Managing the Marketing Effort 2.6 Measuring and Managing Return on Marketing Investment Ch 2 -2 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 4. Companywide Strategic Planning Strategic Planning Strategic planning is the process of developing and maintaining a strategic fit between the organization’s goals and capabilities and its changing marketing opportunities. Ch 2 -3 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 5. Companywide Strategic Planning Ch 2 -4 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 6. Companywide Strategic Planning Defining a Market-Oriented Mission The mission statement is the organization’s purpose; what it wants to accomplish in the larger environment. A market-oriented mission statement defines the business in terms of satisfying basic customer needs. Ch 2 -5 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 7. Companywide Strategic Planning Ch 2 -6 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 8. Companywide Strategic Planning Setting Company Objectives and Goals The company needs to turn its mission statement into detailed supporting objectives for each level of management. Ch 2 -7 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 9. Designing the Business Portfolio The business portfolio is the collection of businesses and products that make up the company. Portfolio analysis is a major activity in strategic planning, whereby management evaluates the products and businesses that make up the company. Ch 2 -8 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 10. Designing The Business Portfolio Analyzing the Current Business Portfolio Strategic business unit (SBU) is a unit of the company that has a separate mission, and objectives that can be planned separately from other company businesses. • Company division • Product line within a division • Single product or brand Ch 2 -9 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 11. Companywide Strategic Planning Analyzing the Current Business Portfolio Ch 2 -10 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 12. Companywide Strategic Planning: The Boston Consulting Group Approach Ch 2 -11 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 13. Companywide Strategic Planning Problems with Matrix Approaches • Difficulty in defining SBUs and measuring market share and growth • Time consuming • Expensive • Focus on current businesses, not future planning Ch 2 -12 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 14. Companywide Strategic Planning Developing Strategies for Growth and Downsizing Product/market expansion grid is a portfolio planning tool for identifying company growth opportunities through: • market penetration • market development • product development • diversification Ch 2 -13 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 15. Companywide Strategic Planning Developing Strategies for Growth and Downsizing Market penetration is a growth strategy increasing sales to current market segments without changing the product. Market development is a growth strategy identifying and developing new market segments for current products. Ch 2 -14 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 16. Companywide Strategic Planning Developing Strategies for Growth and Downsizing Product development is a growth strategy through offering new or modified products to current market segments. Diversification is a growth strategy through starting up or acquiring businesses outside the company’s current products and markets. Ch 2 -15 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 17. Companywide Strategic Planning Developing Strategies for Growth and Downsizing Downsizing is the reducing of the business portfolio by eliminating products or business units that are not profitable or that no longer fit the company’s overall strategy. Ch 2 -16 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 18. Planning Marketing: Partnering to Build Customer Relationships Partnering with Other Company Departments Value chain is a series of departments that carry out valuecreating activities to design, produce, market, deliver, and support a firm’s products. Ch 2 -17 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 19. Planning Marketing Partnering with Others in the Marketing System Value delivery network is made up of the company, suppliers, distributors, and ultimately the customers who partner with each other to improve performance of the entire system. Ch 2 -18 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 20. Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Mix Ch 2 -19 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 21. Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Mix Customer-Driven Marketing Strategy Market segmentation is the division of a market into distinct groups of buyers who have distinct needs, characteristics, or behavior and who might require separate products or marketing mixes. Market segment is a group of consumers who respond in a similar way to a given set of marketing efforts. Ch 2 -20 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 22. Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Mix Customer-Driven Marketing Strategy Market targeting is the process of evaluating each market segment’s attractiveness and selecting one or more segments to enter. Market positioning is the arranging for a product to occupy a clear, distinctive, and desirable place relative to competing products in the minds of the target consumer. Ch 2 -21 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 23. Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Mix Developing an Integrated Marketing Mix Marketing mix is the set of controllable tactical marketing tools—product, price, place, and promotion—that the firm blends to produce the response it wants in the target market. Ch 2 -22 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 24. Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Mix Developing an Integrated Marketing Mix Ch 2 -23 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 25. Managing the Marketing Effort Ch 2 -24 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 26. Managing the Marketing Effort Ch 2 -25 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 27. Managing the Marketing Effort Market Planning Parts of a Marketing Plan Ch 2 -26 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 28. Managing the Marketing Effort Marketing Implementation Implementing is the process that turns marketing plans into marketing actions to accomplish strategic marketing objectives. Successful implementation depends on how well the company blends its people, organizational structure, its decision and reward system, and company culture into a cohesive action plan that supports its strategies. Ch 2 -27 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 29. Managing the Marketing Effort Marketing Department Organization Ch 2 -28 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 30. Managing the Marketing Effort Marketing Control Marketing Control is the process of measuring and evaluating the results of marketing strategies and plans and taking corrective action to ensure that objectives are achieved. • Operating control • Strategic control Ch 2 -29 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 31. Measuring and Managing Return on Marketing Investment Return on Marketing Investment (Marketing ROI) Return on marketing investment (Marketing ROI) is the net return from a marketing investment divided by the costs of the marketing investment. Marketing ROI provides a measurement of the profits generated by investments in marketing activities. Ch 2 -30 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education
  • 32. This work is protected by local and international copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors in teaching their courses and assessing student learning. Dissemination or sale of any part of this work (including on the World Wide Web) will destroy the integrity of the work and is not permitted. The work and materials from this site should never be made available to students except by instructors using the accompanying text in their classes. All recipients of this work are expected to abide by these restrictions and to honor the intended pedagogical purposes and the needs of other instructors who rely on these materials. Ch 2 -31 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education