Increasing Capacity on Existing Infrastructure in Delhi
Increasing Capacity on Existing Infrastructure in Delhi Surajit Roy Chief (Operation), DIMTS Ltd New Delhi, INDIA UITP Asia-Pacific Seminar 23-25 Nov 2009 Kuala Lumpur
Delhi – Demographic Details <ul><li>Total population of 16.8 million – with an annual growth rate of 4%. </li></ul><ul><li>Total Area - 1,483 Sq. Km with 21% of road space. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP Growth Rate – 10-11% Per Annum. </li></ul><ul><li>Second wealthiest city in India in terms of per capita income. </li></ul>
Thrust towards Private Vehicle Ownership Two Wheelers Car/ Taxis Heavy Vehicles TSR More than 6.0 million vehicles are registered in Delhi as on June 30, 2009, equal to the total number in Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. More than 1,000 vehicles register in Delhi everyday. Source: Transport Department, GNCTD
Road availability per vehicle is coming down consistently Source: Based on data provided in the Delhi Economic Surveys, Delhi Planning Department
Declining Share of Public Transport, mainly Buses * Walk-only trips account for 35% of trips Modal Split - % of Person Trips (excluding walk trips) in Delhi* (Figures in Percent) Source: RITES Delhi Traffic and Forecast Study (2008) 2000-01 2007-08
Only a quarter of city’s population own cars; cars and two-wheelers together drive less than 20% of its people -- and yet roads are choked. (Source: CSE) Courtesy: Flickers Traffic Condition in Delhi
Challenges Vs. Solutions <ul><li>Increasing number of private vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited road space. </li></ul><ul><li>Declining share of public transport. </li></ul>Ways to increase the capacity of existing infrastructure Short Term Long Term Efficient Public Transportation System Travel Demand Management Improving Traffic Flow
Improving Traffic Flow <ul><li>Improving the traffic flow of private vehicle by imposing lane disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing Intelligent Transport System to optimize signals </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring smooth the growth of Private vehicles through Parking control policy on arterial roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce traffic speed to reduce headway (faster you go the more headway you need) </li></ul>Will these measures help in the long run? These measure will help to improve the efficiency in the short term.
There is need for an efficient Use of Road Space 50 cars or 60 bicycles or 1 bus
Long-term Sustainable Solutions <ul><li>Efficient Public Transportation System </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Integrated Multi-Modal System – Forward & backward linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening Bus-based System </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Non-motorized Transport (cycling and cycle rickshaw) and walking – The first & last mile </li></ul><ul><li>Policy framework to increase the use of Public Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Demand Management </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion Charge </li></ul><ul><li>Land use Policy </li></ul>
Multi-Modal Network- Public Transportation System <ul><li>Public Bus service is operated by Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) with a fleet of 3,600 Buses. DTC has placed an order to buy 4,375 Low Floor CNG buses. Private sector will also operate 4,400 buses under new system. </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi Metro is operating Mass Transit Rail Service in Delhi with a total length of 90 Kms (3 lines). It planned to extend its network to 153.3 Kms by October 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi Government to introduce Mono Rail and Light Rail in future. </li></ul>
<ul><li>49% of bus routes are non-operational or have infrequent bus service. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of network benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Undesirable Driving practices </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accidents and traffic violations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Predation by incumbents or cartelization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of permit conditions </li></ul>Problems With Existing Bus Operations
Unorganized Private Bus Operation <ul><li>As on June 30, 2009, there are 3,905 permits holders to operate private buses on different routes </li></ul><ul><li>Private Operators carried approx. 2.3 times more passenger than Public Operator. </li></ul><ul><li>77% of Private buses have one owner operation.. </li></ul>
Corportisation of Private Stage Carriage Buses <ul><ul><ul><li>All 657 bus routes in Delhi are classified into seventeen (17) clusters, consisting of 4,400 private buses. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For each cluster, the bidder will be selected through competitive bidding process for a period of 10 years. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Operator (DTC) and Private Operator will run the operation in the ratio of 60:40, along with a creation of IT-backbone, e.g. AVL, AFCS & OCC etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gross Cost system is introduce to cover the revenue risk of the operator, which will be more flexible and more chance of holistic policy implementation. </li></ul></ul></ul>
Creation of IT-backbone <ul><li>Automated Vehicle Location (AVL) </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce the waiting anxiety of passengers, 95 buses are equipped with GPS devices and 90 Passenger Information System (PIS) boards have been installed. </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers can also access the information through web and SMS. </li></ul>
Creation of IT-backbone Automatic Fare Collection System (AFCS) <ul><li>Pilot with 10 buses is underway in Delhi. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of AFCS in buses will help to integrate different modes of transport for collection of fares. </li></ul><ul><li>Next step will be to build a seamless network for the passenger to smoothen the journey. </li></ul>
Infrastructure Facility - Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) <ul><li>The first corridor was conceptualized in April 2005. The stretch from Dr. Ambedkar Nagar to Moolchand (5.8 km) became operational in April 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>There are segregated lanes for Buses, Motor Vehicles, Cycles & Rickshaws and Pedestrians. </li></ul><ul><li>It helped to segregate the slow moving traffic from the motorised vehicles, thus increasing the speed. </li></ul>
Advantages of BRT System <ul><li>BRT System has helped to reduce the people delay time. Avg. Travel Time reduced by 35% for bus commuters </li></ul><ul><li>The system helped to increase the throughput of the vehicles. Data shows that more number of vehicles crossing the road after the implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>The system helped to reduce the fatal accidents on the road. There is only one (1) fatal accident since November 2008, compared to an average 10 fatal accidents in a year. </li></ul>Source: “Observations on the Bus Corridor in Delhi” - Dario Hidalgo, Submitted to the Center of Science and the Environment (February 2009)
Earlier, around 95 buses on the same stretch were operated from different depots.
Now, with the introduction of BRT System, the buses are being operated from one point.
Operational Statistics Centralised operation has helped to increase the efficiency of the bus operation. Particular Operation from Three Depots (Per Day) Operation from One Deport (Per Day) Change (%) Number of Buses 95 95 0% Number of Planned Trips 741 1,140 54% Number of Actual Trips 550 862 57% Number of Passengers 32,000 52,000 63% Revenue (Rs. Bus/Day) 4,000 6163 54%
Promoting Non-motorized Transport <ul><li>ITDP has rated Cycling Facilities at BRT in Delhi as Grade “A”. Bicycles flows at peak time are as high as 1,200 per hour, highest in world after China at some stretches in the corridor. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to cover the first & last mile, bicycle parking facility has been created. Five (5) cycle stands – ‘Rent-a-Bicycle’ has been built along the corridor to promote cycling among public. </li></ul><ul><li>The option to integrate ‘Cycle Rickshaws’ as feeder is also under review. </li></ul>
About DIMTS <ul><li>DIMTS is a Joint Venture Company set up with equal equity of Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and Infrastructure Development Finance Company Ltd. (IDFC) </li></ul><ul><li>DIMTS is responsible for the development of Integrated Multi-Modal Transit Network in Delhi. </li></ul><ul><li>The company will operate 4,400 buses under ‘Delhi Transit’ brand. </li></ul>