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# Y5-6 Forces and Electricity Teaching Ideas J Villis

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This slide share provides lesson ideas for teachers in Year 5 and 6. Teaching ideas are linked to the Australian Technologies Curriculum. Ideas include brain boxes (simple circuits), Makey Makey, …

This slide share provides lesson ideas for teachers in Year 5 and 6. Teaching ideas are linked to the Australian Technologies Curriculum. Ideas include brain boxes (simple circuits), Makey Makey, lemon circuits and squishy circuits. For additional resources visit:
http://technologiesjvillis.weebly.com/

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• 1. http://pixabay.com/en/question-mark-question-response-96288/ Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis
• 2. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM (Y5-6) Design and Technologies Investigate how forces or electrical energy can control movement, sound or light in a designed product or system (ACTDEK020) This unit also includes a coding lesson: Digital Technologies Design, modify and follow simple algorithms represented diagrammatically and in English involving sequences of steps, branching, and iteration (repetition) (ACTDIP019)
• 3. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Investigate Circuits Aims: Students investigate how electrical forces can control sound or light. Students recognise the need to carefully plan and select components for a circuit to perform a specific task. Teacher background information: These lessons were selected for Year 6 in order to complement the Year 6 Primary Connections Unit, It's Electrifying. This unit looks at electricity as an important part of our everyday lives at home, work and school. However, it is also suitable for Year 5. "Scientists call the path that electricity takes an electric circuit. Electric circuits are used to carry electricity to places where we can use it. At home, at school, in factories or anywhere that relies on electricity. The electricity is carried to where it is needed by wires. Before electricity will flow, however, it must have a complete circuit" (source). Information for teachers can be found at Skwirk.com.au .
• 4. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 1: Brain Box exploration Purchase some Electronic Brain Boxes in order for students to explore circuits. Brain Boxes range in price between \$20 and \$80. The cheapest and best value one which I found is the Brain Box Model: MINI 88 PLUS for \$20.00 . However, I don't promote nor profit from the sales of any products therefore you may find a better deal yourself. The boxes come with a booklet outlining names of parts and a range of experiments. Please note, an additional cost will be AA batteries which are not provided when purchasing the boxes. During the first lesson, allow students time to explore a brain box without having access to the instruction booklet.
• 5. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 2 & 3: Brain Box Investigations Using the instruction guides inside the Brain Box, ask students to construct and record the circuits. As students progress through the booklet, the circuits become more difficult.
• 6. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis
• 7. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Makey Makey Aims: Students investigate how electrical forces can control sound or light. Students recognise the need to carefully plan and select components for a circuit to perform a specific task. Students investigate the properties of materials to solve problems requiring the control of movement and sound. Teacher background information: MaKey MaKey is a circuit board kit that can be used to connect objects with a computer, transforming those objects into computer keys or mouse clicks. The circuit board kit costs approximately \$50 AUS. Here is a link to how it words https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rfQqh7iCcOU and I have explained how it works on the following slide.
• 8. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis
• 9. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 1 & 2: Online game investigation Ask students to open an online game which can be played mainly with the arrow keys. Some examples include space invaders , Makey Makey bongos or Tetris. However, any online game which students can access at school will work. Allow students time to play the game and to become familiar with it. Then ask students to draw the commands needed to play the game on a piece of paper (arrows). Connect the Makey Makey to a computer and use the alligator clips to connect to the commands on the piece of paper. Students can then play the game on paper! An extension is to ask students to make the commands using play dough or pieces of foil on the floor. Images on are on the next slide.
• 10. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Foil image source
• 11. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 3 & 4: Online game investigation evaluation This lesson is designed for students to consider and reflect on the components of the Makey Makey circuit in order to perform a specific task (play an online game). Ask students to complete the following questions: Remembering: Draw a diagram to explain how Makey Makey works. Understanding: What will cause the Makey Makey to not work? How many causes can you think of? Applying: What other objects do you think will work with Makey Makey? What other programs do you think might work? Creating: How might you set up the Makey Makey to test your ideas?
• 12. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 5 & 6: Creativity Investigation Based on students responses from the creating question in lesson 4 & 5, ask students to plan an investigation. Ask students to complete the following steps: Step 1: What is the question you would like to investigate? Step 2: How might you conduct your investigation? Write your method. Step 3: List the materials needed. Step 4: Conduct your investigation. Step 5: Analysing Did you answer your question? Explain what you discovered about the Makey Makey circuit? What else might you like to discover?
• 13. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 7 & 8: The properties of materials and Makey Makey (note the Makey Makey isn’t always an accurate indicator of conductivity) For this investigation use the online Makey Makey piano http://makeymakey.com/piano/ . Gather a range of materials such as fruits, vegetables, play dough, foil, coins, wet wood, plastic, cloth, dry wood and glass. Invite students to sort the objects into two groups, those which will conduct electricity and hence make the Makey Makey work and those which will not conduct electricity. Invite students to provide reasons for their selections. Connect each of the materials to the Makey Makey one at a time and allow students to test their predictions. Once tested, ask students to compare their predictions to their results and make any possible conjectures.
• 14. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis
• 15. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lesson 9 & 10: Makey Makey and Scratch Scratch is a free coding program which can be played online or as a free download. Initially ask students to explore Scratch and Makey Makey using the motion and sound scripts. First, students drag across the motion script ‘when ….key pressed’. Where the …. appears there is a down arrow for students to select the command (ie when right arrow clicked, when down arrow clicked). Then, students drag across the sound script ‘play sound…’. Where the … appears there is a down arrow for students to select a sound. Then connect the Makey Makey using alligator clips and test!
• 16. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Danny Nicholson has created a short demonstration for teachers to view: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1Ez6FBgX3s There are multiple ways to use Scratch and Makey Makey. Let students explore and share.
• 17. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Here is a link to a Makey Makey workout! (takes a while to load) http://vimeo.com/44137350
• 18. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lemon Battery Circuit Aim: Students investigate how different materials can conduct electricity. Materials: 4 lemons 4 galvanized nails 4 pieces of copper 5 alligator clip wires A small light to power up
• 19. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Lemon Battery Experiment Method: 1. Roll and squeeze the lemons to release the juice and pulp inside. 2. Insert one galvanized nail and one piece of copper into each lemon. 3. Connect the ends of one wire to a galvanized nail in one lemon and then to a piece of copper in another lemon. Do this with each of your four lemons until you have them all connected. When you are finished you should have one nail and one piece of copper unattached. 4. Connect the unattached piece of copper (positive) and the unattached nail (negative) to the positive and negative connections of your light. The lemon will act as the battery. 5. Turn on your light and voila you have powered up using lemon power. Source: http://kidsactivitiesblog.com/28028/lemon-battery#_ a5y_p=608399
• 20. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Squishy Circuits Aims: Students investigate how electrical forces can be conducted through different materials. Students investigate how electrical forces can control light. Students recognise the need to carefully plan and select components for a circuit to perform a specific task. Teacher background information: Watch Sylvia's squishy circuit investigation online https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDZo51k2BWQ
• 21. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Materials for conductive dough: ½ cup water 2 tbsp. salt 1 ½ tbsp. of cream of tartar (or 4 ½ tbsp. lemon juice) ½ tsp. vegetable oil Food colouring Method: 1. Heat and stir over a medium heat until it becomes a dough. 2. Place dough on a bench with a little flour, roll until it is the right consistency. Materials for insulating dough: ½ cup flour ¼ cup sugar 1 ½ tbsp. vegetable oil Mix and distilled water Method: As above
• 22. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Show students Sylvia’s video with a particular focus on what is electricity? In addition, highlight the rules. Then allow students to explore and play with their squishy circuit dough. Encourage students to record their observations along the way.
• 23. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Application of light circuits in the community This teaching idea has been suggested in order for students to see how simple light technologies are identified and used in order to create a desired outcome. Richard Turere, a young Maasai man who lives in the Kenya savannah (next to a national park) explains how he invented a practical way to save his cattle from the lions by applying his love and self study of electronics. Watch the TED Talk https://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=cjapPH6wyGA and discuss the applications of circuits as a class.
• 24. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis Torches Aims: Students deconstruct a torch to discover how light can be controlled. This lesson has been suggested as it links to a lesson suggestions for Year 6 Sustainability and Community (incandescent bulbs versus fluorescent bulbs). Furthermore, a torch is a good example of a simple electric circuit. When the switch is pushed on it moves a metal strip which makes contact with the metal collar, completing the circuit. Allow students to pull apart a torch and look inside. Ask the to draw a diagram of what is inside a torch and create a flow chart explaining how the circuit works. A PDF can be downloaded from this link, http://technologiesjvillis.weebly.com/uploads/1/5/4/4/15444546/band3_ torch.pdf which teachers may like to download.
• 25. Forces and Electricity Y5-6 Teaching ideas by Joanne Villis COPYRIGHT I give permission for the following: Adaptations and sharing of this resources is for educational purpose only. I do not give permission for commercial use of this work. When sharing or adapting this work I ask that you give credit to the original creator, Joanne Villis at http://intertecheducation.edublogs.org/ .These ideas may be used for non-commercial purposes only. Contact details: http://intertecheducation.edublogs.org/ jvillis@inter-tech.com.au http://www.pinterest.com/joannevillis/