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  • Kuvan. Kuvan, produced by Biomarin Pharmaceutical Inc., is a drug that, in some people with PKU, can enhance enzyme activity and lower blood phe levels. Kuvan is a form of the cofactor for the phenylalanine hydroxylase enzyme, called tetrahydrobiopterin or BH4. When given in sufficiently large doses, it can cause whatever residual enzyme activity exists to work harder and thereby reduce blood phe levels. It is most likely to be effective in those with significant residual enzyme activity, such as those with “variant” PKU or mild hyperphenylalaninemia. It is not possible to know in advance whether an individual with PKU will be responsive to the drug, so it must be tried for a length of time to determine if it will be effective. If it is effective, then a dosage requirement needs to be determined by the doctor. In rare cases, someone on the diet has been able to discontinue the diet entirely; but more typically, use of Kuvan has resulted in greater tolerance for dietary phenylalanine while the diet is still maintained.
  • Though the developing fetus may only be a carrier of the PKU gene, the intrauterine environment can have very high levels of phenylalanine, which can cross the placenta
  • Monthly blood tests help people with PKU track their progress with the diet. These blood tests measure phe build-up in the blood. Regular visits to the PKU clinic are an important opportunity for people with PKU to meet with the PKU team. During these visits, everyone on the team works together to give the best possible care and guidance for people with PKU. The visit should include a blood draw, a short exam by a pediatrician, and a chance to discuss ways to manage the low-phe food pattern. Food records are usually a 3 day diary of all foods and beverages eaten and the amounts consumed. These diaries should be accurate records of foods eaten. They will help the PKU clinic team to interpret blood phe levels and make adjustments to the food and formula prescription.

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  • 1. Use of e- Resources by the teachers and student of IPS(Institute of Professional Studies) and other faculties of University of Allahabad Presentation by Shikha Jaiswal M.Phil. In Library and Information Science Under the supervision of Dr. T.N. Dubey
  • 2. INTRODUCTION E-resources are resources in which information is storedelectronically and which are accessible through electronic systemsand networks. E-resources is a broad term that includes a variety ofdifferent publishing models, including OPACs, CD-ROMs, onlinedatabase, e-journals, e-books, internet resource, print-on-demand(POD), e-mail publishing, wireless publishing, electronic link andweb publishing etc. Thus The term can be defined as “any electronic product thatdelivers collection of data be it in text, numerical, graphical, ortime based, as a commercially available resource.” (IFLA ISBD (ER)1)
  • 3. Need AND IMPORTANCE Electronic Resources are becoming very importantthese days as they are more up-to-date, and can be accessedanywhere, crossing all geographical boundaries. Suchresources add value while conducting R&D activities. Thusthe topic “Use of e- Resources by the teachers and student ofIPS (Institute of Professional Studies) and other faculties ofUniversity of Allahabad” was selected to study the various e- Allahabadresources and analyze the availability in the Library.
  • 4. OBJECTIVES To know the availability of different types ofelectronic resources and services in the libraries of IPS andother faculties. To compare the frequency of use of electronicresources by the teachers and students of IPS and otherfaculties. To ascertain the advantages and the problemsexperienced by the teachers and students while accessing andusing the electronic resources in the library.
  • 5. HYPOTHESES•HoIa: There is no significant relationship between theavailability of electronic resources (For students) and thecategory of the faculties [IPS and other faculties of A.U.].•HoIb: There is no significant relationship between theavailability of electronic resources (For Teachers) and thecategory of the faculties [IPS and other faculties of A.U.].
  • 6. • HoIIa: There is no significant relationship between the use of collection type (By The Students) [Print Media and e-resources] and the category of the faculties [IPS and other faculties of A.U.].• HoIIb: There is no significant relationship between the use of collection type (By the Teachers) [Print Media and e-resources] and the category of the faculties [IPS and other faculties of A.U.].
  • 7. MATERIAL AND METHODSStudy design : Cross sectional, descriptive study.Population: Two different populations i.e. the teachers and the students belonging to the IPS and the selective science faculties were chosen for the study.Sampling Technique: Purposive random sampling was applied for selecting two different homogenous samples from the two different populations i.e. teachers and the studentsSample A : comprises two comparative groups of teachers (i) IPS(N=50 ) and (ii) other faculties (N = 50 ).Size of Sample A =100
  • 8. Sample B: Comprises two comparative groups of students of (i) IPS ( N = 50 ) and (ii) other faculties ( N = 50 ) Size of Sample B =100Data collection: Survey method through questionnaire along with observation and interview techniques was employed for data collection.Statistical techniques: Chi-square-test was used to test null Hypotheses at .05 level of significance[ p≤5%]Software: SPSS version 12.0 was used for data analysis.
  • 9. DATA ANALYSIS FREQUENCY OF THE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS TEACHERS OF IPS STUDENTS OF IPS TEACHERS STUDENTS TEACHERS OF OTHER FACULTY STUDENTS OF OTHER FACULTYIPS 50 50STUDENTS 50 50Total 100 100
  • 10. STUDENTS CONSULT THE PROBLEM WITH YOU ENCOUNTER PROBLEMS, WHOM DO YOU CONSULT FACULT OTHER LIBRARIAN Y USERS Total Students IPS 50.0% 32.0% 17.0% 1.0% OTHER 50.0% 14.0% 33.0% 3.0% FACULTY Total 46.0% 50.0% 4.0% 100.0% YOU ENCOUNTER 40 PROBLEMS, WHOM DO YOU CONSULT LIBRARIAN FACULTY 30 OTHER USERS Result: 32% students of IPS and 14% of other faculties 20 consult with the librarian,Cnuot while17% students of IPS and 33% of other faculties consult with the teachers. 1% students of 10 IPS 3% of other faculties 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY consults with the other users. STUDENTS
  • 11. TEACHERS CONSULT THE PROBLEM WITH YOU ENCOUNTER PROBLEMS,WHOM DO YOU CONSULT LIBRARI FACULT OTHER OTHERS Total AN Y USERS Teachers IPS 50.0% 32.0% 10.0% 4.0% 4.0% OTHER 50.0% FACULTIE 8.0% 31.0% 9.0% 2.0% S Total 40.0% 41.0% 13.0% 6.0% 100.0% YOU ENCOUNTER 40 Result: 32% teachers of IPS and PROBLEMS, WHOM DO YOU CONSULT LIBRARIAN FACULTY OTHER USERS OTHERS 8% of other faculties consult with 30 the librarian, while10% teachers of IPS and 31% of other faculties consult with the teachers. 4%C 20nuot teachers of IPS and 9% of other 10 faculties consult with the other users 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY TEACHERS
  • 12. STUDENTS SATISFIED WITH EXISTING IT INFRASTRUCTURE SATISFIED WITH EXISTING IT INFRASTRUCTURE Total YES NO STUDENTS IPS 50.0% 35.0% 15.0% OTHER 50.0% 26.0% 24.0% FACULTY Total 61.0% 39.0% 100.0% SATISFIED WITH 40 EXISTING IT INFRASTRUCTURE YES NO Result: 35% students of IPS 30 and 26% of other faculties were satisfied with existingC 20nuo infrastructure.t 10 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY STUDENTS
  • 13. TEACHERS SATISFIED WITH EXISTING IT INFRASTRUCTURE TEACHERS OTHER IPS FACULTY TotalSATISFIED WITH YES 37.0% 21.0% 58.0%EXISTING ITINFRASTRUCTURE NO 13.0% 29.0% 42.0%Total 50.0% 50.0% 100.0% SATISFIED WITH 40 EXISTING IT INFRASTRUCTURE YES NO 30 Result: 37% students of IPS and 13% of other 20 faculties were satisfiedCnuot with existing 10 infrastructure. 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY TEACHERS
  • 14. CONVENIENCE IN ACCESSING THE E-RESOURCES BY STUDENTS CONVENIENCE IN ACCESSING THE E- RESOURCES NO Total YES STUDENTS IPS 50.0% 40.0% 10.0% 50.0% OTHER FACULTY 23.0% 27.0% Total 63.0% 37.0% 100.0% CONVENIENCE IN 40 ACCESSING THE E-RESOURCES YES NO 30 Result: 40% student of IPS and 23 % of other 20 faculty were convenientCnuot in accessing the e- 10 resources. 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY STUDENTS
  • 15. CONVENIENCE IN ACCESSING THE E-RESOURCES BY THE TEACHERS TEACHERS Total OTHER IPS FACULTY CONVENIENCE IN YES ACCESSING THE 43.0% 33.0% 76.0% E-RESOURCES NO 7.0% 17.0% 24.0% Total 50.0% 50.0% 100.0% CONVENIENCE IN 50 ACCESSING THE E-RESOURCES YES NO 40 30 Result: 43% teachers of IPS and 33 % of other faculty C n u o t 20 were convenient in accessing 10 the e-resources. 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY TEACHERS
  • 16. STUDENT’S VIEW OF IMPORTANCE OF E-RESOURCES VERSES TRADITIONAL RESOURCES E-RESOURCES DIMINISH THE IMPORTANCE OF TRADITIONAL RESOURCES Total YES NO STUDENTS IPS 50.0% 9.0% 41.0% OTHER 50.0% 14.0% 36.0% FACULTY Total 23.0% 77.0% 100.0% 50 E-RESOURCES DIMINISH THE IMPORTANCE OF Result: According to the view of large % of students of IPS i.e. 41% TRADITIONAL RESOURCES YES 40 NO and students of other faculty i.e. 30 36%, e-resources never diminish the light of traditional resources.Cnuot 20 Whereas 9% IPS students and 14% 10 other faculty students feel that e- 0 resources may replace traditional IPS STUDENTS OTHER FACULTY sources of information.
  • 17. TEACHER’S VIEW OF IMPORTANCE OF E-RESOURCES VERSES TRADITIONAL RESOURCES TEACHERS Total OTHER IPS FACULTY E-RESOURCES DIMINISH YES THE IMPORTANCE OF 17.0% 19.0% 36.0% TRADITIONAL RESOURCES NO 33.0% 31.0% 64.0% Total 50.0% 50.0% 100.0% E-RESOURCES Result: According to the view of large no of teachers of IPS i.e. 33% , and 40 DIMINISH THE IMPORTANCE OF TRADITIONAL RESOURCES 30 YES NO teachers of other faculty i.e. 31 %, e- resources never diminish the light of traditional resources. Whereas 17% IPSCnuo 20t teachers and 19% other faculty teachers 10 feel that e-resources may replace traditional sources of information. 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY TEACHERS
  • 18. Ho1a : There is no significant relationship between the availability of electronic resources (For students) and the category of the faculties. E-RESOURCES df χ2 χ2 Result at .05 AVAILABLE IN tab cal level of LIBRARY significance UNSATI CAN 2 5.991 17.11 significant SATISFA SFACTO T 3 relation ship STUDENTS CTORY RY SAY Total IPS 29 20 1 50 OTHER 9 38 3 50 FACULTY Total 38 58 4 100 Result: χ2 cal (17.113) > E-RESOURCES 40 AVAILABLE IN LIBRARY SATISFACTORY UNSATISFACTOR χ2 tab (5.991) Y CANT SAY 30 Ho1a is rejected. There is significant relationship betweenCnuo 20t 10 the availability of electronic resources (For students) and the category of the faculties 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY STUDENTS
  • 19. •HoIb: There is no significant relationship between the availability of electronic resources (For Teachers) and the category of the faculties. E-RESOURCES AVAILABLE df χ2 χ2 Result at .05 level of IN LIBRARY tab cal significance SATISFA UNSATISF CANT 2 5.99 9.78 significant relation TEACHE CTO ACTO SA 1 3 ship RS RY RY Y Total IPS 33 10 7 50 OTHER FACU 18 23 9 50 LTY Total 51 33 16 100 E-RESOURCES 25 AVAILABLE IN LIBRARY SATISFACTORY Result: χ2 cal (9.783) > UNSATISFACTOR Y 20 CANT SAY 15 χ2tab (5.991) HoIIb is rejected. Significant relationshipCnuot 10 between the availability of electronic 5 resources (For Teachers) and the category of the faculties. 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY TEACHERS
  • 20. HoIIa: There is no significant relationship between the use of collection type (By The Students) and the category of the faculties df χ2 χ2 Result at .05 level of USE OF COLLECTIONS tab cal significance 1 3.84 4.058 significant relation PRINT NON PRINT 1 ship STUDENT COLLECTI COLLE Total S ON CTION IPS 33 17 50 OTHER FACUL 23 27 50 TY Total 56 44 100 USE OF 40 COLLECTIONS PRINT COLLECTION NON PRINT COLLECTION 30 Result : χ2 cal (4.058) > χ2tab (3.841) , Ho IIa is rejected. There is significant relationship between theC 20nuot use of collection type (By The 10 Students) and the category of the faculties 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY STUDENTS
  • 21. HoIIb: There is no significant relationship between the use of collection type (By the Teachers) and the category of the faculties df χ2 χ2 Result at .05 level tab cal of USE OF COLLECTIONS significance PRINT NON PRINT 1 3.841 6.250 COLLECTI COLLECT TEACHERS ON ION Total IPS 38 12 50 OTHER 26 FACUL 24 50 TY Total 64 36 100 USE OF 40 COLLECTIONS PRINT Result : COLLECTION NON PRINT COLLECTION Since χ2 cal (6.250) > χ2tab (3.841) , Ho IIb is 30 rejected. There is significantC 20nuot relationship between the use of 10 collection type (By the Teachers) and the category of the faculties 0 IPS OTHER FACULTY TEACHERS
  • 22. CONCLUSION Results show the availability of e-resources is more incase ofIPS(Institute of Professional Studies) library as compared to thelibrary of other faculties. Teachers and students of IPS (Institute of Professional Studies)are using e-resources most frequently as compared to the teachersand students of other faculties of University of Allahabad. Majority of the teachers and students of IPS are getting therelevant information through e-resources relevant information ascompared to the teachers and students of other faculties ofUniversity of Allahabad.
  • 23.  Though the teachers and the students of IPS use the e-resources more than the teachers and the students of otherfaculty but they prefer print media as it is readily available intheir library .The teachers and students of IPS reported more advantagesand less problems regarding the use of e-resources ascompared to the teachers and students of other faculties ofUniversity of Allahabad.
  • 24.  Among the advantages the teachers and students reported the following points:-----o E-resources are more informative as various sites are available at a time for any kind of subject matter.o E- resources are reported as less time consuming, less expensive and easy to get information by most of the teachers and students of IPS.
  • 25.  Among the problems the teachers and students reported the following points:-----o E- resources are reported as more time consuming, more expensive and difficult to get information by most of the teachers and students of other faculties. As regarding the impact of e-resources most of the teachers and students reported that they reduce the work time, improve the quality of work, facilitates the updating and saving the matter.
  • 26. SUGESSIONS Awareness for e-resources should be propagated and enhanced among the students and teachers. Libraries should be more equipped with computers and relevant facilities. Qualified Library professionals should be appointed in the all the departments of different faculties. Library orientation programs should be conducted to get aware of the library resources among users.
  • 27.  Librarian must motivate users for better use of resources available in the library as well as on the internet. Library literacy programs for ICT concept must be started for better use of available resources. More and more studies should be done for increasing the use of e-resources.
  • 28. Thank-You