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OCRFeeder, documents conversion on GNOME
 

OCRFeeder, documents conversion on GNOME

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The presentation of OCRFeeder for the GNOME track in FOSDEM 2010.

The presentation of OCRFeeder for the GNOME track in FOSDEM 2010.

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    OCRFeeder, documents conversion on GNOME OCRFeeder, documents conversion on GNOME Presentation Transcript

    • static void _f_do_barnacle_install_properties(GObjectClass *gobject_class) { OCRFeeder GParamSpec *pspec; /* Party code attribute */ pspec = g_param_spec_uint64 (F_DO_BARNACLE_CODE, "Barnacle code.", "Barnacle code", 0, G_MAXUINT64, G_MAXUINT64 /* default value */, Documents conversion on GNOME G_PARAM_READABLE | G_PARAM_WRITABLE | G_PARAM_PRIVATE); g_object_class_install_property (gobject_class, F_DO_BARNACLE_PROP_CODE, Joaquim Rocha jrocha@igalia.com FOSDEM 2010
    • What is it? Document Analysis and Optical Character Recognition for GNOME Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Why is it? Paper has a number of problems No applications for GNU/Linux to do a fair job Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Paper problems: Security Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010 CC Photo by: http://www.flickr.com/photos/badwsky/
    • Paper problems: Preservation Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010 CC Photo by: http://www.flickr.com/photos/98469445@N00/
    • Paper problems: Data processing Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010 CC Photo by: http://www.flickr.com/photos/hugovk/
    • Paper problems: Ecology Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010 CC Photo by: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pranavsingh/
    • No fair conversion apps for GNU/Linux apart from OCR engines, but... Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • OCR != Document Conversion (it only deals with chars) (does not consider the layout) (does not distinguish contents) Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • what you want is Document Analysis and Recognition (conversion of documents to an electronic format) (first projects in the 80s) Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Where are were we at? * Some closed solutions * Only for proprietary systems * Various prices * still... arguable results Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • How? Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • How Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Base concept: 1. Clip the contents 2. Classify them 2.1. They are graphics → Paste on document 2.2. They are text → Calculate letter size; paste on document Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • So many layouts... Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010 CC Photo by: http://www.flickr.com/photos/uber-tuber/
    • Layouts vary with the type of document What works on detecting one, won't work on others Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • OCRFeeder focus on contents, not on layouts! Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Key concept: If a document image can be divided in windows of 1 (content) or 0 (not content), then it is possible to group all the 1s and outline the contents Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Sliding Window Algorithm: 1. A NxN pixel window runs through the document top to bottom, left to right Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Sliding Window Algorithm: 2. For every iteration, if there's a pixel inside the window which contrasts with the background, then the window gets a 1, otherwise it gets a 0 Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Sliding Window Algorithm: It does not check all the pixels so there is a better performance Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Sliding Window Algorithm: 3. After all windows have a value assigned, the ones with the value 1 are grouped Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Sliding Window Algorithm: 4. Every time a set of 1s is grouped, each window is reassigned the value 0 (these are called blocks) Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Sliding Window Algorithm: 5. When all windows have the value 0, the algorithm reached the end Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Block structure: Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Joining Blocks: Blocks are check with each other and joined when appropriate When no blocks can be joined the analysis part is finished Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Recognition: System-wide OCR engines are used Engines are configured from the GUI or XML files Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Engine configuration: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <engine> <name>Tesseract</name> <image_format>TIFF</image_format> <engine_path>/usr/bin/tesseract</engine_path> <arguments>$IMAGE $FILE; cat $FILE.txt; rm $FILE.txt</arguments> </engine> Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Classification: It is graphics if: * Text is empty * More than 50% of the chars are failure chars, punctuation or spaces Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Font Size Detection: “Measures” in pixels the size of each text line Although it results in different sizes... Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Font Size Detection: The value equal or greater than the average is chosen (results in values equal or close to the original font size) Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Font Size Detection: The font size is calculated in inches using the resolution (DPI) (if there's no resultion info, assume 300 DPI) The value is then divided by the DTP (DeskTop Publishing point): 72 Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Exportation to ODT: Uses ODFPy (abstracts ODF creation) (just above XML) Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • User interaction: Users can edit everything and review the algorithm's results So, UI can work in attended and unattended ways CLI only works in an unattended mode Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • ABBY Finereader test Nuance Omnipage test Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Finereader's results Omnipage's results Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Demo time! Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Other features: * PDF importation * Unpaper preprocessor * Font style edition * Exportation to HTML * Project saving/loading Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Future: * Integrate Ocropus as an alternative analysis backend * More exportation formats: HOCR, txt, PDF * Improved a11y * Better integration with GNOME and other GNOME apps Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • GNOME: Development moved to GNOME's infrastructure since last month Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Webpage: http://live.gnome.org/OCRFeeder git: http://git.gnome.org/ocrfeeder Bugzilla: coming soon... Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010
    • Thank you! Joaquim Rocha (Igalia) · OCRFeeder · FOSDEM 2010