Beer, Speech, and Kittens: Jennifer Parsons Library Support Representative MOBIUS Consortium Office An Introduction to Ope...
What does “open source” mean? <ul><li>open source:  ( adj. ) 1.  </li></ul><ul><li>used to describe  applications  (i.e., ...
What does “open source” mean? <ul><li>Open </li></ul><ul><li>Can be viewed and/or accessed by public </li></ul><ul><li>Use...
“ Free” as in… Beer for your personal enjoyment Speech benefits the entire community of users Kittens free to take, but co...
Q. So what makes it free? <ul><li>The license. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of focusing on  copyright , creators of open sour...
What open source is  not <ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Directory of Open Access Journals (www.doaj.or...
Where do open source solutions (OSS) come from? Hint: It’s not where you think.
Where do OSS come from? Most open source solutions are developed by  entire communities   devoted to  creating, testing, a...
Open Source Solutions in Our Lives <ul><li>Can include: </li></ul><ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e., fo...
OSS Used by MCO Staff <ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><li>SSH and SCP </li></ul><ul><li>Pu...
Open Source Library Software Made by library professionals  for libraries <ul><li>Integrated Library Systems (ILS) </li></...
Open Source ILS <ul><li>Client interface software to manage library databases and library transactions (e.g., circulation,...
Open Source “Next-generation” catalogs <ul><li>Open source ILS programs also tend to have “next-generation” interface pack...
Open Source End-User Tools for Libraries Designed for individual tasks and to work across software packages. <ul><li>Examp...
Libraries That Have Tried OSS <ul><li>In MOBIUS: </li></ul><ul><li>VUFind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truman State University </...
Why would a library choose OSS? <ul><li>Ease of administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can do what you want! </li></ul><...
Caveat user! What you save in vendor charges, you may wind up paying for in: <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of su...
OSS and the Library Software Market In the past, libraries employed automation strategies to manage multiple  turnkey  app...
OSS and the Library Software Market Now, libraries turning to… <ul><li>Software as a Service (SaaS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
OSS and Tomorrow’s Libraries <ul><li>Will open source “open” the library software market? </li></ul><ul><li>Competition wi...
OSS and Tomorrow’s Libraries … and create a world where information is more open and more free?
Thank You You, the audience For your time and consideration Librarians across MOBIUS For their curiosity and willingness t...
Questions?  Comments?
Image Credits Android.com The Apache Software Foundation (www.apache.org) I CAN HAS CHEEZBURGER? (www.icanhascheezburger.c...
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Beer, Speech, And Kittens 100616

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Given at the 2009 MOBIUS Annual Conference, to accompany a lecture. For users with little to no knowledge of OSS.

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Beer, Speech, And Kittens 100616

  1. 1. Beer, Speech, and Kittens: Jennifer Parsons Library Support Representative MOBIUS Consortium Office An Introduction to Open Source Solutions and What They (Might) Mean to Libraries
  2. 2. What does “open source” mean? <ul><li>open source: ( adj. ) 1. </li></ul><ul><li>used to describe applications (i.e., software) </li></ul><ul><li>available for free , where </li></ul><ul><li>source code can be accessed, copied, edited, or distributed at the user’s discretion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What does “open source” mean? <ul><li>Open </li></ul><ul><li>Can be viewed and/or accessed by public </li></ul><ul><li>User-created changes allowed by license </li></ul><ul><li>Download, save, copy without restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>i.e., source code– the human-readable summation of an application </li></ul><ul><li>Used by software developers to create or edit software </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Free” as in… Beer for your personal enjoyment Speech benefits the entire community of users Kittens free to take, but costly to maintain
  5. 5. Q. So what makes it free? <ul><li>The license. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of focusing on copyright , creators of open source materials take a “ copyleft ” approach meant to encourage user interaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Some licenses used for OSS: </li></ul><ul><li>GNU General Public License (GNU GPL) </li></ul><ul><li>Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) License </li></ul><ul><li>Mozilla Public License (MPL) </li></ul><ul><li>Moral of story: Read the fine print! </li></ul>
  6. 6. What open source is not <ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Directory of Open Access Journals (www.doaj.org) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free proprietary (“freeware”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: MARCEdit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Open Source Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Open Source Initiative (www.oai.org) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Where do open source solutions (OSS) come from? Hint: It’s not where you think.
  8. 8. Where do OSS come from? Most open source solutions are developed by entire communities devoted to creating, testing, and improving the product over and over again. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apache Software Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eclipse Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mozilla Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SourceForge.net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIMILE Project at MIT </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Open Source Solutions in Our Lives <ul><li>Can include: </li></ul><ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e., for servers, desktops, mobile phones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End-user applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., Web browsers, word processors, image editors </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. OSS Used by MCO Staff <ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><li>SSH and SCP </li></ul><ul><li>PuTTY </li></ul><ul><li>WinSCP </li></ul><ul><li>Text editors </li></ul><ul><li>Metapad </li></ul><ul><li>Notepad++ </li></ul><ul><li>Web browsers </li></ul><ul><li>Mozilla Firefox </li></ul><ul><li>Web content </li></ul><ul><li>Drupal </li></ul>
  11. 11. Open Source Library Software Made by library professionals for libraries <ul><li>Integrated Library Systems (ILS) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Next-generation” catalog tools </li></ul><ul><li>End-user applications for library functions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Open Source ILS <ul><li>Client interface software to manage library databases and library transactions (e.g., circulation, cataloging, acquisitions) </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen (Georgia Public Library Service) </li></ul><ul><li>Koha (Horawhenua Library Trust, New Zealand) </li></ul><ul><li>OpenBiblio (University of Barcelona & Library Association of Catalonia) </li></ul><ul><li>PhpMyLibrary (University of the Philippenes Diliman) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Open Source “Next-generation” catalogs <ul><li>Open source ILS programs also tend to have “next-generation” interface packages. </li></ul><ul><li>However, some exist independently and can be integrated with other programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Blacklight (University of Virginia and Stanford University) </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible Catalog (University of Rochester) </li></ul><ul><li>Scriblio (Plymouth State University) </li></ul><ul><li>VUFind (Villanova University) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Open Source End-User Tools for Libraries Designed for individual tasks and to work across software packages. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>‡ biblios </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibit </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstone </li></ul><ul><li>Prospero </li></ul>
  15. 15. Libraries That Have Tried OSS <ul><li>In MOBIUS: </li></ul><ul><li>VUFind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truman State University </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elsewhere: </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan Library Consortium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Koha </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MassCat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greenstone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auburn University </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Why would a library choose OSS? <ul><li>Ease of administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can do what you want! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensured by peer review, not contract </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost (of course) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free as in… </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Caveat user! What you save in vendor charges, you may wind up paying for in: <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support or documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel hours </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>So which is cheaper, overall? </li></ul>Currently, OSS organizations claim an edge in cost… … Which means you still pay for using OSS, one way or another.
  18. 18. OSS and the Library Software Market In the past, libraries employed automation strategies to manage multiple turnkey applications. The integrated library system (ILS) was developed in response by software companies.
  19. 19. OSS and the Library Software Market Now, libraries turning to… <ul><li>Software as a Service (SaaS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equinox (Evergreen) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LibLime (Koha) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplementing paid products with open source </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. OSS and Tomorrow’s Libraries <ul><li>Will open source “open” the library software market? </li></ul><ul><li>Competition with traditional vendors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pricing models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New innovations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. OSS and Tomorrow’s Libraries … and create a world where information is more open and more free?
  22. 22. Thank You You, the audience For your time and consideration Librarians across MOBIUS For their curiosity and willingness to experiment with OSS MACPAC For graciously accepting this presentation MCO Staff For support, criticism, and the fantastic idea of using lolcats
  23. 23. Questions? Comments?
  24. 24. Image Credits Android.com The Apache Software Foundation (www.apache.org) I CAN HAS CHEEZBURGER? (www.icanhascheezburger.com) LOLCATS.com The Mozilla Project (www.mozilla.org) OpenOffice.org
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