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Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
Distributing power
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Distributing power

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  • 1. Distributing Power: Philosophical Issues in a Cratological Evaluation of Technologies Jorge Camacho, PhD University of East London
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. “ ...clean, reliable and affordable electricity at the customer site.” (Bloom Energy)
  • 6. Distributed Generation (DG) Distributed Energy Resources (DER)
  • 7.  
  • 8. “ shifts control to the consumer” (Bloom Energy)
  • 9.  
  • 10. “ generate electricity everywhere”
  • 11. “ think negawatts, not megawatts”
  • 12. “ store power in superbatteries”
  • 13. Grid 2.0 Energy Web
  • 14.  
  • 15. Assessment of energy systems [technologies]...
  • 16. Technical (or 'internal') values: A system is... Effective Efficient Reliable
  • 17. Some 'external' values:
  • 18. (Economic) (Ecological) A system is... Cost effective Sustainable
  • 19. Cratological -> ( kratus = power)
  • 20. Objective #1: Technologies Social Power ->
  • 21. Framework: * Ontological * Normative (Evaluative) * Theoretical (Explanatory) Framework: * Ontological * Normative (Evaluative) * Theoretical (Explanatory)
  • 22. Objective #2: Electricity Supply Systems
  • 23.  
  • 24. Systems Ontology> Mario Bunge
  • 25. <(Social) Systems Ontology James S. Coleman
  • 26. Systems Ontology of Technology > Miguel A. Quintanilla
  • 27. System = Composite object (Components bonded by interactions)
  • 28. System: C > Composition E > Environment S > Structure M > Mechanism (characteristic process)
  • 29. Technological System: C > actors and artifacts E > other systems (inc. social) S > relations... M > “technological realization” (Quintanilla)
  • 30. A sequence of “ actions intentionally oriented to the transformation of things in order to achieve a valuable result.” Technological realization: (Quintanilla)
  • 31. Social ontology... < social power
  • 32. Coleman's 'social algebra'...
  • 33. Social System: C > actors and resources E > ////////////////// S > control and interest M > ...............................
  • 34. Social System: C > actors and resources E > ////////////////// S > control and interest M > social exchange
  • 35. The most interesting resources... … are the most valuable .
  • 36. Power (of a social actor) = measure of the value of the resources under her/his control.
  • 37. Power (of a social actor) = Capacity to act / decide about the system as a whole.
  • 38. Normative / Evaluative dimension> < What is the fair or just distribution of power in society?
  • 39. < Distributive Justice Ronald Dworkin James S. Coleman
  • 40. Equality... ...of what? (Amartya Sen)
  • 41. Equality of resources (R. Dworkin) >
  • 42. Equivalence of resources =
  • 43. Equality... ...of Power
  • 44. Theoretical / Explanatory dimension> < How can technological development be causally related to distribution of power?
  • 45. Economic power> < Markets and industries
  • 46.  
  • 47. <Affordance > >Social affordance < (J.J. Gibson, Don Norman, Manuel Delanda)
  • 48. Objective #2: Electricity Supply Systems
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53.  
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56.  
  • 57.  
  • 58. Reduction of scale> <competition, re-distribution of power?
  • 59. * Vertical re-integration * Horizontal concentration * Barriers to entry * High prices
  • 60. < affordances not realized
  • 61. < affordances not realized > political challenge
  • 62. New Paradigm: DER Distributed Energy Resources
  • 63. Promise: transfer of power> * prosumers * independent producers * local communities
  • 64. Egalitarian affordances >
  • 65. Egalitarian affordances > <philosophers of technology
  • 66. < thank you >

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