For ground-breaking experimentalmethods that enable measuring andmanipulation of individual quantum systems.
Awards Won • Officer of the French Legion of Honour • 1988 Einstein Prize for Laser Science (awarded at Lasers 88). • 1992 The Humboldt Prize • 1993 Albert A. Michelson Medal by the Franklin Institute • 2007 Charles Hard Townes Award by the OSA • 2009 CNRS Gold medal • 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics (shared with David J. Wineland) Serge Haroche is a Professor at the Collège de France and holds the Chair of Quantum Physics. Serge works primarily in atomic physics and quantum optics. He is principally known for proving quantum decoherence by experimentalAge : 68 observation, while working with colleagues at the ÉcoleDate of Birth : 09/11/1944 Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1996.Nationality : French More on Serge Haroche at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serge_Haroche http://www.college-de-france.fr/site/en-serge-haroche
Awards Won • 1990 Davisson-Germer Prize in Atomic or Surface Physics • 1990 William F. Meggers Award of the Optical Society of America • 1996 Einstein Prize for Laser Science of the Society of Optical and Quantum Electronics • 1998 Rabi Award from the IEEE Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Society • 2001 Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science • 2007 National Medal of Science in the engineering sciences • 2009 Herbert Walther Award from the OSA • 2010 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics shared with Juan Ignacio Cirac and Peter Zoller • Frederic Ives Medal • 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics shared with Serge Haroche David Jeffrey Wineland is a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) physics laboratory. His workAge : 69 has included advances in optics, specifically laser cooling of ionsDate of Birth : 02/24/1944 in Paul traps and use of trapped ions to implement quantumNationality : American computing operations. David is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Optical Society, and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1992. More on David Wineland at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_J._Wineland
For studies of G-protein-coupled receptors, which improved theunderstanding of how they function.
Awards Won • 1994 John J. Abel Award in Pharmacology • 2007 Breakthrough of the Year Award • 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (shared with Robert Lefkowitz) Brian Kent Kobilka is a professor in the departments of Molecular and Cellular Physiology at Stanford University School of Medicine. He is also the co-founder of ConfometRx, a biotechnology company focusing on GAge : 57 protein-coupled receptors. He was named a member of theDate of Birth : 05/30/1955 National Academy of Sciences in 2011.Nationality : American More on Brian Kobilka at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Kobilka
Awards Won • 1978 John Jacob Abel Award in Pharmacology • 1988 Gairdner Foundation International Award • 1992 Bristol-Myers Squibb Award for Distinguished Achievement In Cardiovascular Research • 2001 Jessie Stevenson Kovalenko Medal of the USA - The National Academy of Sciences • 2003 Fondation Lefoulon – Delalande Grand Prix for Science • 2007 National Medal of Science • 2007 The Shaw Prize in Life Science and Medicine • 2007 Albany Medical Center Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research • 2009 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards, in the Biomedicine Category • 2009 Research Achievement Award • 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (shared with Brian Kobilka) Robert Joseph Lefkowitz is an Investigator with the HowardAge : 69 Hughes Medical Institute as well as a James B. Duke Professor ofDate of Birth : 04/15/1943 Medicine and Professor of Biochemistry and Chemistry at DukeNationality : American University. He is best known for his work with G protein-coupled receptors. More on Robert Lefkowitz at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Lefkowitz
For the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent, stem cells that have the potential to be used asendoderms, mesoderms or ectoderms.
Awards Won • See full list on next slide. Shinya Yamanaka is a Japanese physician and researcher of adult stem cells. He serves as the director of Center for iPS Cell Research and Application and a professor at the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences at Kyoto University; as a seniorAge : 50 investigator at the UCSF-affiliated J. David Gladstone InstitutesDate of Birth : 09/02/1962 in San Francisco, California; and as a professor of anatomy atNationality : Japanese University of California. Yamanaka is also the current president of the International Society for Stem Cell Research. More on Shinya Yamanaka at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shinya_Yamanaka
• 2007 Osaka Science Prize • 2010 March of Dimes Prize in Developmental Biology• 2007 Inoue Prize for Science • 2010 Kyoto Prize in Biotechnology and medical technology• 2007 Asahi Prize • 2010 Balzan Prize in biology• 2007 Meyenburg Cancer Research Award • 2010 Person of Cultural Merit• 2008 Yamazaki-Teiichi Prize in Biological Science &• 2010 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Technology the Biomedicine Category• 2008 Robert Koch Prize • 2011 Albany Medical Center Prize in biomedicine• 2008 Medals of Honor (Japan) (with purple ribbon) • 2011 Wolf Prize in Medicine• 2008 Shaw Prize in Life Science & Medicine • 2011 King Faisal International Prize• 2008 Sankyo Takamine Memorial Award • 2011 McEwen Award for Innovation• 2008 Massry Prize from the Keck School of Medicine,• 2012 Millennium Technology Prize University of Southern California • 2012 Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences• 2009 Lewis S. Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in• 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Basic Medical Research • 2012 Order of Culture• 2009 Gairdner Foundation International Award • 2013 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences• 2009 Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
Awards Won • 1971 Fellow of the Royal Society • 1995 Knight of the Royal Society • 2005 Honorary Member of the American Association of Anatomists • 2009 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award • 2012 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (Shared with Shinya Yamanaka) Sir John Bertrand Gurdon is a developmental biologist. He is best known for his pioneering research in nuclear transplantation and cloning. Johns recent research has focused on analysing intercellular signalling factors involvedAge : 79 in cell differentiation, and on elucidating the mechanismsDate of Birth : 10/02/1933 involved in reprogramming the nucleus in transplantationNationality : British experiments, including the role of histone variants, and demethylation of the transplanted DNA. More on John Gurdon at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gurdon
Who with ‘hallucinatory realism’merges folk tales, history and the contemporary.
Awards Won • 1998: Neustadt International Prize for Literature • 2005: Kiriyama Prize • 2005: Doctor of Letters, Open University of Hong Kong • 2006: Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize XVII • 2007: Man Asian Literary Prize, nominee, Big Breasts and Wide Hips • 2009: Newman Prize for Chinese Literature • 2010: Honorary Fellow, Modern Language Association • 2011: Mao Dun Literature Prize • 2012: Nobel Prize in Literature Guan Moye, better known by the pen name Mo Yan, is a novelist and short story writer. He is best known to Western readers for his 1987 novel Red Sorghum Clan, of which theAge : 58 Red Sorghum and Sorghum Wine volumes were later adaptedDate of Birth : 02/17/1955 for the film Red Sorghum. Mo has been referred by DonaldNationality : Chinese Morrison of U.S. news magazine TIME as "one of the most famous, oft-banned and widely pirated of all Chinese writers". More on Mo Yan at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mo_Yan
For having over six decades contributed to the advancement ofpeace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.
List of Member States • See full list on next slide. The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states.Age : 60Founded : 07/23/1952Nationality : N/A More on the European Union at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union
• Austria (Joined 1995) • Lithuania (Joined (2004)• Belgium (Founder) • Luxembourg (Founder)• Bulgaria (Joined 2007) • Malta (Joined 2004)• Cyprus (Joined 2004) • The Netherlands (Founder)• Czech Republic (Joined 2004) • Poland (Joined 2004)• Denmark (Joined 1973) • Portugal (Joined 1986)• Estonia (Joined 2004) • Romania (Joined 2007)• Finland (Joined 1995) • Slovakia (Joined 2004)• France (Founder) • Slovenia (Joined 2004)• Germany (Founder) • Spain (Joined 1986)• Greece (Joined 1981) • Sweden (Joined 1995)• Hungary (Joined 2004) • The United Kingdom (Joined 1973)• Ireland (Joined 1973)• Italy (Founder)• Latvia (Joined 2004)
For the theory of stable allocationsand the practice of market design.
Awards Won • 2012 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (Shared with Lloyd Shapley) Alvin Elliot Roth and a visiting professor at Stanford University and George Gund Professor of Economics and Business Administration at Harvard Business School. is an economist. Alvin has made significant contributions to theAge : 61 fields of game theory, market design and experimentalDate of Birth : 12/18/1951 economics, and is known for his emphasis on applying hisNationality : American economic theory to solutions for "real-world" problems. More on Alvin Roth at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvin_E._Roth
Awards Won • 1944 Bronze Star, U.S. Army Air Corps • 1951 Procter Fellow, Princeton University • 1967 Fellow, Econometric Society • 1974 Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences • 1979 Member, National Academy of Sciences • 1981 John von Neumann Theory Prize • 1986 Honorary Ph.D., Hebrew University of Jerusalem • 2002 Fellow, INFORMS (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences) • 2007 Distinguished Fellow, American Economic Association • 2012 Fellow, American Mathematical Society • 2012 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (Shared with Alvin Roth) Lloyd Stowell Shapley is a distinguished mathematician and economist. He is a Professor Emeritus at University ofAge : 89 California, Los Angeles, affiliated with departments ofDate of Birth : 06/02/1923 Mathematics and Economics. He has contributed to the fields ofNationality : American mathematical economics and especially game theory. Lloyd has been regarded by many experts as the very personification of game theory. More on Lloyd Shapley at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lloyd_Shapley
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