Preparing for a Web of Things
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Keynote at J. Boye Philadelphia 13 by Bebo White: ...

Keynote at J. Boye Philadelphia 13 by Bebo White:

In the not too distant future our perception of what constitutes the World Wide Web is going to change.

Far more devices and objects will become ‘first-class citizens’ of the Web and communicate via Web protocols. It is critical for us to prepare for this ‘Web of Things’ and understand how to use Web standards to interconnect all varieties of embedded devices (sensors, mobile telephones, personal and home appliances, etc.) in order to make them easier to use, operate seamlessly with other components of the Web, and be available to existing Web applications.

What unique demands and challenges will the ‘Web of Things’ pose to current Web developers and designers?

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Preparing for a Web of Things Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAPreparing ForBebo WhiteSLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryStanford Universitybebo@slac.stanford.edu1Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 2. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAI want to discuss with you what I believeto be one of the most disruptive technologieseverand I want your opinions2Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 3. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USATheStaticWebDynamicWebPagesTheParticipatoryWebTheSocialWebTheMultimediaWebTheMobileWebTheSemanticWebTheDataWebTheWebofThingsNo Web X.0 !!3Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 4. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA• The Web of Things?? Who asked for that? Isit already here?• aka Internet of Things, Internet ofObjects,Web of Objects, Sensor Web• Another catch phrase for conferences,venture capitalists & start-ups?• Web = Internet? Object = Thing?• Web disappears and encompasses all?4Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 5. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA5Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 6. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA6Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 7. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA$$14.4 trillionby 2022(Cisco)$10-15 trillionto global GDPover next 20years(GE)‘of the 1.5 trillion things thathave a potential to be connected,97% of them are consumer’7Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 8. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA8Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 9. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA• Deals with copies - pages, documents,videos, even some objects• Is defined by how we can receive/interpretthose copies• Browsers and miscellaneous clients• Video players• Printers (even 3D printers)The Old Web(s)9Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 10. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USANow• We have the capability to fully connect andintegrate everyday devices and objects into“a Web environment”• And use these devices and objects in waysthat we can only imagine10Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 11. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAChallenges for “theWeb of Things”• What is it? What problems can it solve?• Architecture - How does it look? What areits components?• ‘Things’ - what are the ingredients?• ‘Glue’ - how do things stick together?• Applications and services - the WOTplatform11Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 12. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAThe Model HumanComputer• Works fine• when it’s just us and asingle device• when mapping deviceI/O to 5 senses“makes sense”• when computingdevices “were simple”12Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 13. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAWhy the MHC isOutdated• There is now just one computer (the Internet/Web)• we only have a glimpse into a part of it• its processing and data potential is limitless• 5 senses is too few; too many interactions at atime• humans are not the only entities using it13Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 14. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA14Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 15. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA“By 2040 the Web will exceed humanityin processing power”--- Kevin Kelly15Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 16. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAWhat is It? (to me)• A communications revolution• Communicating not just copying• An interactive universe of objects, things,data, ideas/concepts and processes bothreal & virtual• All objects can be integrated &communicate - co-dependency16Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 17. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAIn 199717Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 18. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAYou are the Designers18Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 19. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAInteractions• People2People, Objects2Objects, People2Objects,Objects2People• Without intermediaries or with intermediaries inthe background• MHC interaction have limited range; in WOT rangeis universal• Things/objects become transmitter and receiverthat can initiate and respond to stimuli19Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 20. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAIntent• Objects/things are named entities• Objects/things have attributes• Intents are satisfied by presenting objects/things and their attributes20Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 21. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAA Lot of This Isn’tNew...• Ubiquitous computing• Pervasive computing• Captology• Sensors/RFIDs• Very early attempts at WOT21Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 22. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USATrojan Room CoffeePot• Cambridge, 1991• Inspiration for 1stWebcam• Clear interaction modelwith clear intent• Really “on the Web?”22Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 23. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USANatural Objects• Transmit & receive - atoms/molecules,animals/plants, stars/galaxies• All with deliberate intent according tonatural laws• If you believe in QM,“spooky action at adistance”23Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 24. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAWhy Shouldn’t Man-made Objects?• Intent defined by programming andpersonalization• Can turn on & off - not always subject tonatural law• Sensitive to security & privacy• The technology exists24Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 25. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA7.5 e18e233.4 e3825Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 26. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USABlogjects - objects that blog(Julian Bleeker, USC)26Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 27. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USASpimes - “a location-aware, environment-aware,self-logging, self-documenting, uniquelyidentified object that flings off data aboutitself and its environment in great quantities”(Bruce Sterling)27Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 28. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA“The significance of technologies like RFID and 2Dbarcoding is that they offer a low-impact way to‘import’ physical objects into the datasphere,to endow them with an informational shadow”(Adam Greenfield)28Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 29. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAWhat Does “a Personon the Web” Mean?29Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 30. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA• A ‘sensory-sensitive,’ completeunambiguous representation of a person• Contains all credentials, contacts, friends,preferences• A ‘digital smell’• A ‘Turing entity’ with knowledge capture• Your URI is your ‘human ID’30Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 31. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA• Premises• Nature is data processing engine (and thebest)• The best engineering emulates nature• Forget the human brain - the Internet/brain comparison is lameHow to Do This?31Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 32. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAConsider Field/GaugeTheory• Objects/things exchange‘hard data’ & ‘soft data’• How is the datareceived?• Objects/things obeyinteraction rules32Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 33. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAHow Does That DifferFrom This?• B, C, & D in coveragerange of A - when Asends a message whogets it?• A, B in range of C -when C sends a messagewho gets it?33Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 34. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USASelf-Organizing MeshNetworks• Societies of cognitively cooperating devices“growing from the edges”• Artificial life,“swarm intelligence”• Mutual security, group-aligned self interest• Network as memory• Emergent sync - they will decide how we interactwith them most efficiently - new interfaces -correlation discovery34Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 35. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USACritical Object SuccessFactors• Accessibility• Authenticity• Understandability• Traceability• Mashability35Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 36. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USANot Without Danger• Open attacks on ‘low-hanging targets’• For example, the ‘poster children’ for WOT• ‘Smart homes/cars’• Power grid/utilities• Supply chains36Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 37. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA(Ryan Boudreaux)Vint Cerf’s wine cellarInsurance spies37Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 38. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA38Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 39. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA39Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 40. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA40Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 41. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA41Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 42. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA42Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 43. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA43Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 44. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAEnabling Building Blocks• M2M interfaces &protocols forcommunication• Microcontrollers• WiFi• RFID• Energy ‘harvesting’technologies• Sensors• Actuators• Location technology• Software• etc., etc.44Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 45. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USASynergistic Technologies• Geo-tagging/geo-caching• Biometrics• Machine vision• Robotics• AR• Mirror worlds• Telepresence &adjustable autonomy• Life recorders &‘personal black boxes’• Tangible UIs• Clean/greentechnologies• etc., etc.45Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 46. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAHow About an Auto onthe Web?• Smart cars are old news - ‘chips on wheels’• Could be subnets on existing networks• Is it feasible that a car• Could be a witness in an accident case?• Could search for a new buyer?• In other words,‘have a real identity?’46Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 47. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USASummary• WOT is here and can’t be stopped• The technology & infrastructure exist• All objects can have ‘a sliver of Web-ness’• Numerous R & D challenges (not justabout technology)• Infinite channels for creativity - ‘make theimpossible possible’47Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 48. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USACreativity48Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 49. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USAQ & Abebo@slac.stanford.edu49Wednesday, May 8, 13
  • 50. Preparing For The Web Of Things, Bebo White, J. Boye Web & Intranet Conference, May 7-9, 2013, Philadelphia PA USA50Wednesday, May 8, 13