Jørgen Primdahl, The Centre for Forest & Landscape, University of Copenhagen   <ul><li>A few words on landscape functions ...
References: The parish of Lihme, Jutland 1948 The parish of Lihme, Jutland 2009
References: ’ Space of flows’¹ ¹) Castells 2000 Own feedstuff Impacts Feedstuff and chemicals Dairy  (Arla Foods) World ma...
References: ’ Space of place’¹ ¹) Castells 2000 ¹) Castells 2000
New trends in (Danish) countryside planning <ul><li>The overall approach is changing – from regional designations to  muni...
Two local landscape experiments: Nees and Lihme Nees Lihme <ul><li>Three points: </li></ul><ul><li>No plans and policies a...
Nees <ul><li>extensification </li></ul><ul><li>Aforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilisation of population </li></ul><ul><l...
A turbulent landscape history 1880 1980/85 Heathland Forest and wood lots Wet grasslands Bogs Ditches, water courses and p...
Nees – main spatial patterns   Landmark Significant site Significant roads Clear edges Districts 0  1  2 km
0  1  2km Nees – two alternative proposals for aforestation (1990)   Potential restored wetlands Eksisting thickets and fo...
1990 2009
<ul><li>A Plan09-project sponsored by Realdania  </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operation between Skive municipality, Ministry of En...
Activities and workshops  <ul><li>Common meeting for all areas </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of working groups </li></ul><ul...
Approaches to landscape  character  and landscape  condition <ul><li>The landscape  character  is about: </li></ul><ul><li...
The landscape  condition  is about: <ul><li>Historical developments </li></ul><ul><li>Habitats (biodiversity/’local nature...
Experiences from the proces: Lihme parish
Ideas and proposals for a landscape strategy after the 2. workshop
Lihme as a green village
Lihme as a green village
03/10/11 4 Lihme: Current (Aug. 2011) Strategic Projects: <ul><li>New small subdivisions in the villages to attract middle...
Local landscape strategies –a way forward? Regional plans and policies The owners’ landscape management and local visions ...
On landscape strategy making  <ul><li>Four dimensions of place making¹: </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising attention to the ”who...
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Jorgen Primdahl EMILA Ppresentation

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Jorgen Primdahl EMILA Ppresentation

  1. 1. Jørgen Primdahl, The Centre for Forest & Landscape, University of Copenhagen <ul><li>A few words on landscape functions and models for future landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Examples from recent planning experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Four dimensions of landscape strategy making </li></ul>Working with communities – strategy making for multifunctional rural landscapes EMILA Summer Workshop: Working with communities on multifunctional landscape, Amsterdam Academie of Architecture, September 9, 2011
  2. 2. References: The parish of Lihme, Jutland 1948 The parish of Lihme, Jutland 2009
  3. 3. References: ’ Space of flows’¹ ¹) Castells 2000 Own feedstuff Impacts Feedstuff and chemicals Dairy (Arla Foods) World market
  4. 4. References: ’ Space of place’¹ ¹) Castells 2000 ¹) Castells 2000
  5. 5. New trends in (Danish) countryside planning <ul><li>The overall approach is changing – from regional designations to municipal planning </li></ul><ul><li>From sectorial planning to comprehensive planning </li></ul><ul><li>From informing citizens to involving citizens </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two local landscape experiments: Nees and Lihme Nees Lihme <ul><li>Three points: </li></ul><ul><li>No plans and policies affect the landscape, they affect peoples behaviour and decisions about landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Three roles of the farmer: owner, producer and citizen. Three kinds of landscape decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Historically, the agricultural landscape has been produced and maintained through an combination of individual and collective decisions – today the community has lost power over it’s landscape </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nees <ul><li>extensification </li></ul><ul><li>Aforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilisation of population </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>New schemes for aforestation, restrictive env.regulation, grassing scheme </li></ul>Poor conditions for agricultural production Current change patterns
  8. 8. A turbulent landscape history 1880 1980/85 Heathland Forest and wood lots Wet grasslands Bogs Ditches, water courses and ponds Hedgerows
  9. 9. Nees – main spatial patterns Landmark Significant site Significant roads Clear edges Districts 0 1 2 km
  10. 10. 0 1 2km Nees – two alternative proposals for aforestation (1990) Potential restored wetlands Eksisting thickets and forest New forest Potential restored heathland
  11. 11. 1990 2009
  12. 12. <ul><li>A Plan09-project sponsored by Realdania </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operation between Skive municipality, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Landscape + 5 local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: to develop models for municipal countryside planning </li></ul><ul><li>Method: 5 experimental ’real life’ plannning processes </li></ul><ul><li>Time frame: March 2008-december 2009 </li></ul>Second example: Lihme Multifunctional landscapes – strategies, tools and projects
  13. 13. Activities and workshops <ul><li>Common meeting for all areas </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of working groups </li></ul><ul><li>SWOT analysis for each area område </li></ul><ul><li>1. workshop – the work with the landscape strategy begins (lectures, excursion, discussions) </li></ul><ul><li>Working group meetings </li></ul><ul><li>2. workshop (expert panel, ’confrontation dialogue’ </li></ul><ul><li>Working groups – public meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete plans </li></ul><ul><li>Integration into the municipal plan </li></ul>
  14. 14. Approaches to landscape character and landscape condition <ul><li>The landscape character is about: </li></ul><ul><li>Identification and description of homogeneous areas – unique ones and types </li></ul><ul><li>We have proposed the following character types: </li></ul><ul><li>Built up areas </li></ul><ul><li>Wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Bluffs and vallies </li></ul><ul><li>Dense hedgerow patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Small holder settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Farms in undulating terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Farms in hilly terrain </li></ul>
  15. 15. The landscape condition is about: <ul><li>Historical developments </li></ul><ul><li>Habitats (biodiversity/’local nature’) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources (soil and water) </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Stability (based on appearance) </li></ul><ul><li>Readability and narrativity </li></ul><ul><li>’ Vitality’ (living and dead areas) </li></ul><ul><li>Other aspects of aesthetics </li></ul>Landscape character and landscape condition
  16. 16. Experiences from the proces: Lihme parish
  17. 17. Ideas and proposals for a landscape strategy after the 2. workshop
  18. 18. Lihme as a green village
  19. 19. Lihme as a green village
  20. 20. 03/10/11 4 Lihme: Current (Aug. 2011) Strategic Projects: <ul><li>New small subdivisions in the villages to attract middle income families and relocate pensioners </li></ul><ul><li>Renewal of Lihme village including renovation of houses, new plantings and a village forest </li></ul><ul><li>Renovation of Gyldendahl harbour </li></ul><ul><li>New walking trail network and green corridors to link the village and the coast </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-energy initiatives </li></ul>
  21. 21. Local landscape strategies –a way forward? Regional plans and policies The owners’ landscape management and local visions Diagnosis: Character and condition Landscape strategy for conservation and development Specific plans and projects Rural development programme Other programmes NATURA 2000 and Water frames Municipal planning
  22. 22. On landscape strategy making <ul><li>Four dimensions of place making¹: </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising attention to the ”whole”. Why is this strategy needed and what difference will it make? What makes this area so interesting? What is the vision – what we dreaming about? </li></ul><ul><li>Scoping: capturing the situation – where are we and where to we want to be? What is the historical background? What is the issue(s)? Who are the stakeholders? Who are the potential winners and loosers? </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising and enriching the knowledge resources available. How do we bring different disciplines together and in dialogue with local knowledge? What is the relationship between the current landscape functions and the landscape pattern? </li></ul><ul><li>Generating strategic ideas on framing concepts and key projects for action. (The ‘Green heart’, the Fingerplan, ‘Red for green’, NATURA 2000) </li></ul>¹ Based on Healy (2009) on how to organize spatial strategy making processes Landscape strategy making

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