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Jorgen Primdahl EMILA Ppresentation
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Jorgen Primdahl EMILA Ppresentation


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  • 1. Jørgen Primdahl, The Centre for Forest & Landscape, University of Copenhagen
    • A few words on landscape functions and models for future landscapes
    • Examples from recent planning experiments
    • Four dimensions of landscape strategy making
    Working with communities – strategy making for multifunctional rural landscapes EMILA Summer Workshop: Working with communities on multifunctional landscape, Amsterdam Academie of Architecture, September 9, 2011
  • 2. References: The parish of Lihme, Jutland 1948 The parish of Lihme, Jutland 2009
  • 3. References: ’ Space of flows’¹ ¹) Castells 2000 Own feedstuff Impacts Feedstuff and chemicals Dairy (Arla Foods) World market
  • 4. References: ’ Space of place’¹ ¹) Castells 2000 ¹) Castells 2000
  • 5. New trends in (Danish) countryside planning
    • The overall approach is changing – from regional designations to municipal planning
    • From sectorial planning to comprehensive planning
    • From informing citizens to involving citizens
  • 6. Two local landscape experiments: Nees and Lihme Nees Lihme
    • Three points:
    • No plans and policies affect the landscape, they affect peoples behaviour and decisions about landscape
    • Three roles of the farmer: owner, producer and citizen. Three kinds of landscape decisions
    • Historically, the agricultural landscape has been produced and maintained through an combination of individual and collective decisions – today the community has lost power over it’s landscape
  • 7. Nees
    • extensification
    • Aforestation
    • Stabilisation of population
    • Growth in wildlife
    • New schemes for aforestation, restrictive env.regulation, grassing scheme
    Poor conditions for agricultural production Current change patterns
  • 8. A turbulent landscape history 1880 1980/85 Heathland Forest and wood lots Wet grasslands Bogs Ditches, water courses and ponds Hedgerows
  • 9. Nees – main spatial patterns Landmark Significant site Significant roads Clear edges Districts 0 1 2 km
  • 10. 0 1 2km Nees – two alternative proposals for aforestation (1990) Potential restored wetlands Eksisting thickets and forest New forest Potential restored heathland
  • 11. 1990 2009
  • 12.
    • A Plan09-project sponsored by Realdania
    • Co-operation between Skive municipality, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Landscape + 5 local communities
    • Objective: to develop models for municipal countryside planning
    • Method: 5 experimental ’real life’ plannning processes
    • Time frame: March 2008-december 2009
    Second example: Lihme Multifunctional landscapes – strategies, tools and projects
  • 13. Activities and workshops
    • Common meeting for all areas
    • Formation of working groups
    • SWOT analysis for each area område
    • 1. workshop – the work with the landscape strategy begins (lectures, excursion, discussions)
    • Working group meetings
    • 2. workshop (expert panel, ’confrontation dialogue’
    • Working groups – public meetings
    • Concrete plans
    • Integration into the municipal plan
  • 14. Approaches to landscape character and landscape condition
    • The landscape character is about:
    • Identification and description of homogeneous areas – unique ones and types
    • We have proposed the following character types:
    • Built up areas
    • Wetlands
    • Bluffs and vallies
    • Dense hedgerow patterns
    • Small holder settlements
    • Farms in undulating terrain
    • Farms in hilly terrain
  • 15. The landscape condition is about:
    • Historical developments
    • Habitats (biodiversity/’local nature’)
    • Natural resources (soil and water)
    • Cultural heritage
    • and
    • Landscape aesthetics
    • Stability (based on appearance)
    • Readability and narrativity
    • ’ Vitality’ (living and dead areas)
    • Other aspects of aesthetics
    Landscape character and landscape condition
  • 16. Experiences from the proces: Lihme parish
  • 17. Ideas and proposals for a landscape strategy after the 2. workshop
  • 18. Lihme as a green village
  • 19. Lihme as a green village
  • 20. 03/10/11 4 Lihme: Current (Aug. 2011) Strategic Projects:
    • New small subdivisions in the villages to attract middle income families and relocate pensioners
    • Renewal of Lihme village including renovation of houses, new plantings and a village forest
    • Renovation of Gyldendahl harbour
    • New walking trail network and green corridors to link the village and the coast
    • Bio-energy initiatives
  • 21. Local landscape strategies –a way forward? Regional plans and policies The owners’ landscape management and local visions Diagnosis: Character and condition Landscape strategy for conservation and development Specific plans and projects Rural development programme Other programmes NATURA 2000 and Water frames Municipal planning
  • 22. On landscape strategy making
    • Four dimensions of place making¹:
    • Mobilising attention to the ”whole”. Why is this strategy needed and what difference will it make? What makes this area so interesting? What is the vision – what we dreaming about?
    • Scoping: capturing the situation – where are we and where to we want to be? What is the historical background? What is the issue(s)? Who are the stakeholders? Who are the potential winners and loosers?
    • Mobilising and enriching the knowledge resources available. How do we bring different disciplines together and in dialogue with local knowledge? What is the relationship between the current landscape functions and the landscape pattern?
    • Generating strategic ideas on framing concepts and key projects for action. (The ‘Green heart’, the Fingerplan, ‘Red for green’, NATURA 2000)
    ¹ Based on Healy (2009) on how to organize spatial strategy making processes Landscape strategy making