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Chapter 24

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An overview of the material covered in Chapter 24 of the Geography Alive textbook

An overview of the material covered in Chapter 24 of the Geography Alive textbook

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Chapter 24 Chapter 24 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 24
    Oil in Southwest Asia: How “Black Gold” Has Shaped a Region
  • State: A political unit that controls a particular territory
    Nomads: A person who wanders place to place
    Oil reserves: Underground oil that has been discovered but remains unused
    Natural gas: Gas within the Earth’s crust.
    Crust: The outer layer of the Earth
    Region: An area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas
    Introduction
  • SW Asia lies at the crossroads of three continents:
    Europe
    Africa
    Asia
    Oil: Southwest Asia’s Hidden Treasure
    Crude oil: Another name for petroleum as it is found in the ground
    Developed countries: A wealthy country with an advanced economy. Have many industries and provide a comfortable way of life for most of their people
    The Geographic Setting
  • Oil: Southwest Asia’s Hidden Treasure cont’d
    Nonrenewable resources: Resources that are in limited supply
    Renewable resources: Resources that will not run out or that can be replaced
    Geothermal energy: Heat from the center of the Earth
  • Ethnic groups: A group of people in a country who share a unique culture and identity
    Kurds (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran)
    Persians (Iran)
    Islam is the most important religion in Southwest Asia
    Israel is the only country in the region that does not have a Muslim majority
    Many Ethnic Groups, One Major Religion
  • The Geology and Geography of Oil
    Oil Was Formed Millions of Years Ago
  • Oil is Found in Pockets Deep in the Earth
    A lot of the world’s oil lies buried under Southwest Asia
    Millions of years ago, this area was under water
    Movement of the Earth’s crust
    Tectonic plates collide, creating pockets where oil can form
    Oil Is Not Distributed Equally
    Saudi Arabia is the largest country in this region
    Has the most oil
  • Distribution of Oil cont’d
    Kuwait (tiny country)
    Holds 1/10 of the world’s known oil reserves
    Other countries, like Syria and Yemen have less oil, but still have more than most other countries
  • Saudi Arabia’s royal family very rich from oil
    $185 million preparing the Marbella, Spain palace for their visit
    Daily flower delivery ($1,500 for each day’s flowers)
    Oil Has Made Many People Better Off
    Life expectancy: The average age that a person in a given population can expect to live to. Varies from one country to another.
    Gross Domestic Product (GDP): A measure of the goods and services produced by a country each year
    Oil Wealth and People’s Well-Being
  • Per capita GDP: Measure the average income of the people in a country.
    Per Capita GDP Does Not Tell the Whole Story
    Human Development Index (HDI)
    Looks at a country’s per capita GDP along with other factors that reflect quality of life.
    Infant Mortality Rate: Number of deaths of babies under age 1 per 1,000 births in a year
    Oil Has Made Many People Better Off cont’d
  • Yemen
    One of the 20 poorest countries in the world
    Population about 80% as large as Saudi Arabia’s
    Oil reserves are about 1% the size of Saudi Arabia
    Oil-Exporting Countries: Working to Control the Price of Oil
    The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): An organization formed to ensure a steady flow of money to come back into the participating countries
    11 member countries, 6 from SW Asian countries
    Includes Venezuela, Algeria, Nigeria, Libya, Indonesia
    Oil Has Not Improved Life for All
  • Oil-Importing Countries: Working to Protect the Flow of Oil
    Countries depend on the flow of oil from SW Asia to fuel their economies
  • Global Connections
    What energy sources is the world using to meet most of its energy needs? What do they have in common?
    Why isn’t the world getting more of its energy from renewable resources?
    How might having renewable energy resources affect a region in the future?