Chapter 24


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An overview of the material covered in Chapter 24 of the Geography Alive textbook

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Chapter 24

  1. 1. Oil in Southwest Asia: How “Black Gold” Has Shaped a Region
  2. 2.  State: A political unit that controls a particular territory  Nomads: A person who wanders place to place  Oil reserves: Underground oil that has been discovered but remains unused  Natural gas: Gas within the Earth’s crust.  Crust: The outer layer of the Earth  Region: An area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas
  3. 3.  SW Asia lies at the crossroads of three continents: ◦ Europe ◦ Africa ◦ Asia  Oil: Southwest Asia’s Hidden Treasure ◦ Crude oil: Another name for petroleum as it is found in the ground ◦ Developed countries: A wealthy country with an advanced economy. Have many industries and provide a comfortable way of life for most of their people
  4. 4.  Nonrenewable resources: Resources that are in limited supply  Renewable resources: Resources that will not run out or that can be replaced  Geothermal energy: Heat from the center of the Earth
  5. 5.  Ethnic groups: A group of people in a country who share a unique culture and identity ◦ Kurds (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran) ◦ Persians (Iran)  Islam is the most important religion in Southwest Asia ◦ Israel is the only country in the region that does not have a Muslim majority
  6. 6.  Oil Was Formed Millions of Years Ago
  7. 7.  A lot of the world’s oil lies buried under Southwest Asia ◦ Millions of years ago, this area was under water ◦ Movement of the Earth’s crust  Tectonic plates collide, creating pockets where oil can form  Oil Is Not Distributed Equally ◦ Saudi Arabia is the largest country in this region  Has the most oil
  8. 8.  Kuwait (tiny country) ◦ Holds 1/10 of the world’s known oil reserves  Other countries, like Syria and Yemen have less oil, but still have more than most other countries
  9. 9.  Saudi Arabia’s royal family very rich from oil ◦ $185 million preparing the Marbella, Spain palace for their visit ◦ Daily flower delivery ($1,500 for each day’s flowers)  Oil Has Made Many People Better Off ◦ Life expectancy: The average age that a person in a given population can expect to live to. Varies from one country to another. ◦ Gross Domestic Product (GDP): A measure of the goods and services produced by a country each year
  10. 10.  Per capita GDP: Measure the average income of the people in a country.  Per Capita GDP Does Not Tell the Whole Story ◦ Human Development Index (HDI)  Looks at a country’s per capita GDP along with other factors that reflect quality of life. ◦ Infant Mortality Rate: Number of deaths of babies under age 1 per 1,000 births in a year
  11. 11.  Yemen ◦ One of the 20 poorest countries in the world ◦ Population about 80% as large as Saudi Arabia’s ◦ Oil reserves are about 1% the size of Saudi Arabia  Oil-Exporting Countries: Working to Control the Price of Oil ◦ The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): An organization formed to ensure a steady flow of money to come back into the participating countries  11 member countries, 6 from SW Asian countries  Includes Venezuela, Algeria, Nigeria, Libya, Indonesia
  12. 12.  Countries depend on the flow of oil from SW Asia to fuel their economies
  13. 13.  What energy sources is the world using to meet most of its energy needs? What do they have in common?  Why isn’t the world getting more of its energy from renewable resources?  How might having renewable energy resources affect a region in the future?