Chapter 16 Section 5
A Nation Divides
The Election of 1860
 The Democrats
– Southerners wanted the party to support slavery
– Northerners did not want to suppo...
The Election of 1860 cont’d
 The Republicans
– Chose Abraham Lincoln
for President
 A new party on the
horizon: The
Cons...
Americans go to the Polls
 Americans made their
opinions clear
 Lincoln carried the
North and effectively
won the electi...
The South Reacts
 Many southerners believed that Lincoln’s
election showed that the South no longer had
a voice in govern...
The South Reacts cont’d
– This bill received little support
 Many southerners believed that the North
had put an abolitio...
The Confederacy
 Many southerners believed
that the Declaration of
Independence supported
them
– “it is the right of the ...
The Civil War Begins
 In his inaugural address,
Lincoln warned that “no
state…can lawfully get out of
the Union.”
 Jeffe...
The Civil War Begins cont’d
 President Lincoln learned that supplies at
Fort Sumter were running low
 Lincoln notified t...
This Means War!
 Major Robert Anderson,
the Union commander,
refused to give in
 Confederate guns
opened fire
 Union tr...
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Chapter 16 section 5

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This is an overview of the material covered in Chapter 16 Section 5 of The American Nation textbook

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Chapter 16 section 5

  1. 1. Chapter 16 Section 5 A Nation Divides
  2. 2. The Election of 1860  The Democrats – Southerners wanted the party to support slavery – Northerners did not want to support slavery – Party splits in two  Northern Democrats – Chose Stephen Douglas as their candidate  Southern Democrats – Chose John Breckinridge of Kentucky
  3. 3. The Election of 1860 cont’d  The Republicans – Chose Abraham Lincoln for President  A new party on the horizon: The Constitutional Union – Tried to heal the split between the North and the South – Chose John Bell of Tennessee
  4. 4. Americans go to the Polls  Americans made their opinions clear  Lincoln carried the North and effectively won the election  Bell only got a few southern states, and Douglas got most of the South
  5. 5. The South Reacts  Many southerners believed that Lincoln’s election showed that the South no longer had a voice in government.  Senator John Crittenden (KY) made one last attempt to save the Union – Extend the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific – Proposed that states south of the Compromise line could hold slaves.
  6. 6. The South Reacts cont’d – This bill received little support  Many southerners believed that the North had put an abolitionist in the White House  They felt that secession was their only choice  The first state to secede was South Carolina (12/20/1860) Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas soon followed
  7. 7. The Confederacy  Many southerners believed that the Declaration of Independence supported them – “it is the right of the people to alter or abolish” a government that denies the rights of its citizens  They felt that Lincoln had denied them the right to hold slaves
  8. 8. The Civil War Begins  In his inaugural address, Lincoln warned that “no state…can lawfully get out of the Union.”  Jefferson Davis began to order forces to begin seizing federal forts in the South  Fort Sumter (SC) was one of the only forts not taken over by the Confederacy Fort Sumter, 1861
  9. 9. The Civil War Begins cont’d  President Lincoln learned that supplies at Fort Sumter were running low  Lincoln notified the S. Carolina government that he was going to only send food, not troops or weapons  On April 11, 1861, the Confederates demanded that Fort Sumter surrender
  10. 10. This Means War!  Major Robert Anderson, the Union commander, refused to give in  Confederate guns opened fire  Union troops quickly ran out of ammunition  On April 13, Anderson surrendered the fort.

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