Cloud Computing Technology Trend Watch
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Cloud Computing Technology Trend Watch

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  • 1. Cloud Computing Technology Trend Watch v2.7 jeffyang@cn.ibm.com { Cloud | Web2.0 } © 2008 IBM Corporation 2009 This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 2. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Myself - 我自己  Architect > Cloud Computing + Web2.0 Solution @ Services  Software Engineer & Developer > WebSphere on Linux, Unix @ IBM Toronto Software Development Lab  IBM Inventor > Patent Work, Research Compute Cloud (RC2) @ Watson Research Lab  Evangelist > Linux | OpenSource Core Team  http://twitter.com/j3ffyang http://twitter.com/OpenIBM http://PenguinSecurity.net Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 3. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Topics  History & Layers  Players on Ground  Architecture Overview  Technologies  Adoption Path Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 4. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration 云的服务层次和 类型 公共云 私有云 混合云 (提供商-互联网) (数据中心-内部网) (公共和私有) 提供的是 “服务” 应用、流程和信息作为服务( SaaS ) (行业应用, CRM , ERP , OA 等) 平台作为服务( PaaS ) (优化的中间件-应用服务器,数据库服务器等) 基础架构作为服务( IaaS ) (虚拟的服务器、存储和网络) 4 Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 5. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration 云的服务层次和应用实例 协作 CRM/ERP/HR 业务流程 Software as a Service 中间件 Web 2.0 应用 Java High Volume Runtime Runtime Transactions 数据库 开发工具 Platform as a Service Data Center Servers Networking Storage Fabric 分享虚拟化,动态部署 Infrastructure as a Service 5 Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 6. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Amazon Web Services (IaaS)  EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud)  S3, simple storage service (PaaS)  SDB, simple database based on MySQL  SQS, simple queue server  Virtualization Only, w/o Provisioning & Lifecycle Mgmt Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 7. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration AWS Commercial Case  EC2- elastic compute cloud (provisioning)  SimpleDB  S3 (storage)  Queue service  Redhat – RHEL5.2  Apache Hadoop – MapReduce – HBase Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 8. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 9. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 10. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Google AppEngine (PaaS)  Hadoop distributed file system & API  BigTable/ MapReduce/ HBase  Open API but private Infrastructure  Data Integrity isn't a focus Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 11. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 12. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 13. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 14. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 15. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Force.com & SalesForce.com  A platform for building and deploying enterprise application on demand such as enterprise resource planning (ERP), human resource management (HRM) and supply chain management (SCM). Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 16. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Microsoft Azure (PaaS)  Software plus Service  Live, .Net, SQL, SharePoint, Dynamic CRM Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 17. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Sun & Solaris  NetBeans  Virtualization  OpenSolaris  Project Caroline for dev SaaS  Project OpenSocial  ... source: http://tr.im/kBtA Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 18. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Yahoo's TestBed  Yahoo (PaaS) – Largest hadoop distributed file system environment, 4000 nodes – TestBed cloud > http://research.yahoo.com/Cloud_Computing Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 19. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 20. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 21. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 22. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 23. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 24. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 25. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 26. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud Computing Layers – Solution 可能的解决方案 SO Customers Service General Businesses Enterprises Providers Key Internet / Intranet Characterist ics  业务流程部署, Business Process-as-a-Service 如, HelpDesk Service Automation Management MBPS Offerings**  在云中部署应用 Application/Software-as-a-Service Security  Web-based Svc Cloud Ecosystem (Including OSS, BSS) LotusLive AOD* Cloud RMIS / System Svc* eRMIS*  Multi-tenancy  针对开发者的工具和服务 Platform-as-a-Service  Dynamic software usage & DB2, accounting Informix Middleware Lotus Web TestCloud  API Dynamic Svr J2EE,, sMash Content Mgmt  Multi-tenancy  Provision of technology Infrastructure-as-a-Service infrastructure on demand Information Virtual  动态 & 虚拟 Computing Storage Security TestCloud Protection SoFS* Desktop as a  可扩展 & 弹性 On Cloud Demand* Services Cloud** Service**  Multi-tenancy Svcs* * Cloud like ** Planned Cloud Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 27. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud Architecture Model Overview SERVICE REQUESTORS 参与者 SERVICE CORE ENTERPRISE END USERS DEVELOPERS CREATORS OPERATORS ADMINISTRATION RESILIENCE Security SERVICE MANAGEMENT 服务管理 END USERS END USERS 安 APPLICATION ARCHITECTURE 中间件 INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE 数据 业 全 务 连 续 VIRTUAL IT INFRASTRUCTURE 虚拟架构 SERVERS STORAGE NETWORK BUSINESS INFRASTRUCTURE 业务架构 PHYSICAL IT INFRASTRUCTURE 物理架构 SERVERS STORAGE NETWORK FACILITIES Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 28. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Technologies  LAMP – Linux Apache MySQL Php/ Perl  Apache Hadoop  Xen / VMWare / KVM virtualization  Open Source software vs Proprietary software  XML, Ruby on Rail, SOAP, REST, PHP, Perl, Python and more. Light programming model (Web2.0 char)  Eucalyptus / OpenNebula / Enomaly Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 29. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration 接受云的过程  服务请求逻辑  监控  流程  性能  生命周期管理  标准(应用架构,  监控  硬件透明 开发)  报表  提高利用律  计量  硬件  软件  存储  网络  应用 自动化 整合 虚拟化 Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 30. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Backup Slides Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 31. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud and IT 优化 IMPROVE SERVICE REDUCE COST MANAGE RISK Virtualization IT Optimization Journey Security Asset Management Service Management Business Energy Efficiency Efficiency Information Infrastructure Fragmented, inefficient islands of computing Initiatives 零散低效的计算 业务可持续性 整合和虚拟化 能源效率 服务管理 信息架构 和 安全 Dynamic Provisioning Service Catalog 虚拟 , 高效 , 可持续和安全的架构 动态部署 服务目录 Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 32. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 33. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 34. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 35. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 36. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 37. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 38. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 39. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Open Cloud Manifesto (cont'd)  What is Cloud & Why important? – Scalability on Demand – Streamlining the Data Center – Improve Business Processes – Minimize Startup Costs  Challenges & Barriers to Adoption – Security – Data & Application Interoperability & Portability – Governance & Management – Metering & Monitoring Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 40. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Open Cloud Manifesto  The Goal of an Open Cloud – Choice – Flexibility – Speed & Agility – Skills  Principles of an Open Cloud – Open collaboration – Not to lock into particular platforms – Existing standards – Driven by customer needs Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 41. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 42. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 43. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 44. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Apache Hadoop (Open Source)  Map Reduce  HBase Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 45. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 46. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Apache Hadoop Algorithm Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 47. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Security Consideration (I)  Certification and accreditation Sarbanes Oxley (SOX) Compliance - Audit standard / Service Organziation  Restricted physical security  Redundant backup  Virtual instance w/ stateful firewall & signed API call  Host vs Guest  SSH, Firewall by IP, port 80, 443, 50000  API through X509 Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 48. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Security Consideration (II)  The Hypervisor  Isolated instance  Network security  DDoS  Man in the middle  IP Spoofing  Port scanning Packet filtering  Data management Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org
  • 49. Innovation, Motivation, Collaboration Grid versus Cloud Computing  Cloud = Services, On-demand and Service Oriented  Cloud users don't own infrastructure. They rent it.  Cloud evolved from Grid, but provides application- delivery transparency!  Grid = High Performance Infrastructure for a specific purpose Cloud @ IBM © 2009 IBM Corporation This document is created by OpenOffice.org