Information Literacy, Motivation, and the Instructional Implications for School Librarians


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This was my midterm project for LIS 701, Intro to Library & Information Science, Summer 2012. Dominican University.

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Information Literacy, Motivation, and the Instructional Implications for School Librarians

  1. 1. +Information Literacy, Motivation, andthe Instructional Implications for SchoolLibrarians By Jamie WinchellLIS 701, Summer 2012
  2. 2. +Observing at a local high school… Honors freshman History class in the library: Head Librarian TALKS… and TALKS… and DEMONSTRATES…and one time ASKS FOR A SHOW OF HANDS…While the studentsdid next to nothing. And then they went off to research in the lab.
  3. 3. +My pedagogical questions… How many of those students really paid attention to her lecture andgleaned her tips about quality research? Did her talking make a difference in their ingrained habits ofsearching? How could I make sessions like that one more engaging anddynamic? Is it possible to teach online research lessons so that students areactively involved and are critically constructing their informationliteracy skills?
  4. 4. +What is Information Literacy? The National Forum on Information Literacy defines it as: ―The ability to know when there is a needfor information, and to be able toidentify, locate, evaluate, and effectivelyuse that information for the problem orissue at hand.‖
  5. 5. +Changes & Problems Advancing Technologies: Librarians’ job responsibilities have changed Students’ digital lives + web searching habits ―Principle of Least Effort‖ ―investing minimal effort is natural human behavior.‖--Martzoukou ―Convenience trumps everything.‖ –Crowley Intrinsic Motivation to learn declines with advancing years in school.–Crow, 2006
  6. 6. +Digital Information Literacy & You Enter your code & take the survey! What do these results tell us about our the feelings in this class aboutdoing research? How might that data inform (theoretical) instruction?
  7. 7. +―fast surfing‖ & ―deep diving‖ “fast surfing” The easy route Reluctant to invest time and energy Not interested in learning something new Just want to finish >>> extrinsic motivation “deep diving” Lots of effort High quality sources Ownership over work Goal: personal understanding >>> intrinsic motivationHeinstrom, 2006.
  8. 8. +Self-Determination Theory 3 psychological needs that must be met to set the stage for intrinsicmotivation:1. Autonomy ―volition (desire) to do the task.‖2. Perceived competence ―the belief that one is able to accomplish a task,‖ and3. Relatedness ―feeling securely connected to the social surround.‖Crow, 2007.
  9. 9. +ARCS Attention Capturing the interest of learners; stimulating the curiosity to learn Relevance Meeting the personal needs/goals of the learner to effect a positive attitude Confidence Helping the learners to believe/feel that they will succeed and control theirsuccess Satisfaction Reinforcing accomplishment with rewards (internal & external)Jacobson and Xu, 2004.
  10. 10. +Active Learning Principles Students are active constructors of their own learning. Students are involved in more than just listening. Less emphasis is placed on transmitting information and more ondeveloping students’ skills. Students are involved in higher order thinking (analysis, synthesis, andevaluation). Students are engaged in activities (e.g. reading, discussing and writing).(From Bonwell and Eison, 1991, in Walsh and Inala, 2010).
  11. 11. +Some implications for teacherlibrarians: The school library ―is one of the few locations in the school whereinformal, self-determined, intrinsically-motivated inquiry and learningcan occur (and is in fact encouraged).‖—Arnone, et. al My idea: Choice + active learning = engagement and ∴ intrinsic motivation(hopefully) and ∴ life-long information literacy (ideally).
  12. 12. +Reflection Your username is: 701yourlastname Your password is the same one as your Syracuse survey. ―edit‖ the main page Answer the 2 questions (quickly!) Click ―save.‖
  13. 13. +Questions??