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Tennis is a game played between two players or between two teams of two players. Each player uses a strung racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered in felt over a net to the opponent’s court.
A tennis match comprises a number of sets, typically three for both men’s and women’s matches, the exception being at the major events where the men play best of five sets. A set consists of a number of games, and in turn, consists of points.
Tennis is played on a rectangular, flat surface, usually grass, clay, or a hardcourt of concrete. The court is 78 feet long, and its width is 27 feet for singles matches and 36 feet for doubles matches. Additional clear space around the court is required in order for players to reach overrun balls. A net is stretched across the full width of the court. The net is 3 feet 6 inches high at the posts and 3 feet high in the center.
Soccer is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players, and is widely considered to be the most popular sport in the world.
The basic equipment players are required to wear includes a shirt, shorts, socks, footwear, and adequate shin guards. The goalkeeper must wear clothing that is easily distinguishable from that worn by the other players and the match officials.
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet high hoop under organized rules.
Through time, basketball has developed to involve common techniques of shooting, passing, and dribbling, as well as players’ positions, and offensive and defensive structures. Typically, the tallest member of the team will play center, the shortest member usually plays point guard while often the best ball handlers are guards.
The most common purpose for swimming is recreational. Recreational swimming is a good way to relax while enjoying full-body workout. Several swimming styles are suitable for recreational swimming; most recreational swimmers prefer a style that keeps their head out of the water and has an underwater arm recovery. Breaststroke, side stroke, head up front crawl, and dog paddle are the most common strokes utilized in recreational swimming.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The goal of baseball is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four markers called bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot square, or diamond. Players on one team take turns hitting while the other team tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways. A player on the batting team can stop at any of the bases and hope to score a teammate's hit. The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding teams get three outs. The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins.
American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football is a competitive team sport known for mixing strategy with physical play. The object of the game is to score points by advancing the ball into the opposing teams end zone. The ball can be advanced by carrying it or by throwing it to a teammate. Points can be scored in a variety of ways, including carrying the ball over the goal line, catching a pass from beyond the goal line, tackling an opposing ball carrier in his own end zone, or kicking the ball through the goal posts on the opposing side. The winner is the team with the most points when time expires at the end of the last play.
Volleyball is an Olympic team sport in which two teams of six active players, separated by a high net, each try to score points against one another by grounding a ball on the other team’s court under organized rules.
Each team consists of six players. To get play started, a team is chosen to serve by a coin toss. A player from the serving team throws the ball into the air and attempts to hit the ball so it passes over the net on a course such that it will land on the opposing teams court. The opposing team must use a combination of no more than three contacts with the volleyball to return the ball to the opponents side of the net. These contacts usually consists first of the bump or pass so that the ball’s trajectory is aimed toward the player designated as the setter, second of the set by the setter so that the ball’s trajectory is aimed towards a spot where one of the players designated as the attacker can hit it, and third by the attacker who spikes to return the ball over the net.
Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey in Canada, Russia, Sweden and the United States, is a team sport played on ice. It’s a fast paced and physical sport. Since ice hockey is a full contact sport and body checks are allowed, injuries can be a common occurance. Protective equipment is highly recommended and is enforced in all competitive situations. This usually includes a helmet, shoulder pads, elbow pads, mouth guards, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts, a jock athletic protector, shin pads, chest protector, and a neck guard. Ice Hockey is played on a hockey rink. During normal play, there are six players per side on the ice at any time, each whom is on skates.