Digital revolution 3 Apr2014


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A new emerging trend of digital/social fabrication. Explore its social potential, not just technology.

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Digital revolution 3 Apr2014

  1. 1. SocialFab 2013 Digital Revolution 3.0 Emergence of Social Fabrication BHN Seminar 2013.7.12 Izumi Aizu <> Institute for InfoSociomonics Institute for HyperNetwork Society
  2. 2. 2SocialFab 2013 Digital Revolution  1.0 Personal Computer  2.0 Internet/Mobile  3.0 Social Fabrication
  3. 3. 3SocialFab 2013 What is “Social Fabrication”?  Personalized Fabrications connected over the Net  Sharing of data/process/artifacts  Made possible by:  FabLabs  Makers Movements  Education  Social Framework
  4. 4. 4SocialFab 2013 Three Books showing the future Fab FabLife MAKERS Niel Gershenfeld Hiroya Tanaka Chris Anderson
  5. 5. 5SocialFab 2013 How does Future Kitchen look like?  Universal Cooking Machine?  Self-build, not impossible.  Sharing digital recipes  Oven, food processor, pan together with refrigerator ?
  6. 6. 6SocialFab 2013 Development of Information Society  3rd Industrial Revolution x 1st Information Revolution  Prof. Shumpei Kumon 3rd Industrial Revolution First Info Revolution Present
  7. 7. 7SocialFab 2013 Digital Fabrication is Social Fabrication by nature  Digitization of Fabrication  =  Informatization of Industry(“Makers ”)  ↓  2nd phase of Information Society: socialization  Digitization enables Social Fabrication  (Sharing the process and product together)  Whole value chains transformed  Fabnomics? テキスト
  8. 8. 8SocialFab 2013 Rise of FabLab  Prof. Niel Gershenfeld, (Director of Center for Bits and Atoms, MIT)  Some 150 Labs around the globe  A new social movment  “Fab9” Conf in Japan, Aug 2013
  9. 9. 9SocialFab 2013 President Obama promoting Fab/Makers  2013 SOTU Speech:  15 Innovation Centers nationwide  1,000 3D Printers in Primary schools  STEM(Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) Education program  Makers Movement
  10. 10. French PM Ayrault visited FacLab @University of Cergy-Pontoise Gennevilliers. Paris Jean-Marc Ayrault, Prime Minister of France, w/ 4 ministers 2013.2.28
  11. 11. PM Ayrault and 4 Minister and the Governor visited FacLab near Paris, Feb 28, 2013 to “catch up” the Netherland This Thursday, February 28, 2013, the FacLab (at the University of Cergy-Pontoise, Gennevilliers ) received the visit of Jean-Marc Ayrault, Prime Minister, accompanied by Flower Pellerin (Minister Delegate to the Minister of Recovery productive, responsible Small and Medium Business, Innovation and the Digital Economy), Geneviève Fioraso (Minister for Higher Education and Research), Nicole Bricq(Minister of Trade) and Victorin Lurel (Minister of Overseas ), not forgetting Mr. Pierre-André Peyvel, prefect of Hauts de Seine, in full uniform. François Germinet, President of the University, has guided all these people (and many other accompanying with a bunch of journalists) to our magical den to pass the baton to Emmanuelle Roux, Laurent and Olivier Ricard Gendrin.
  12. 12. 12SocialFab 2013 What is a “FabLab”?  A fab lab (fabrication laboratory) is a small- scale workshop offering (personal) digital fabrication  A fab lab is generally equipped with an array of flexible computer controlled tools that cover several different length scales and various materials, with the aim to make "almost anything"  This includes technology-enabled products generally perceived as limited to mass production  While fab labs have yet to compete with mass production and its associated economies of scale in fabricating widely distributed products, they have already shown the potential to empower individuals to create smart devices for themselves.  These devices can be tailored to local or personal needs in ways that are not practical or economical using mass production  wikipedia
  13. 13. 13SocialFab 2013 Manufacturing process in Industrial Society Planning Design Mfg Sales UserUserUserMfg UserDesign Mfg UserPlanning Design Mfg Distributio n User
  14. 14. 14SocialFab 2013 Manufacturing process in Information Society FabLab vision: We can make (almost) anything we want Planning Mfg User Plannin g Mfg User
  15. 15. SocialFab 2013 FabLabs expanding globally  234 FabLabs in Feb 2013; was 145 in Nov 2012  One opened inside Paris in March 2013  Many in developing world: India, Nepal, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa etc.
  16. 16. 16SocialFab 2013 FabLabs are Growing 20% /month - similar to Internet traffic in 1990s If this continues, 16,000 in 2015 1,000,000 in 2017
  17. 17. FabLabs in Asia (2012) India Ahmedabad National Innovation Foundation India Delhi Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology India Kanpur Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur India Pune COEP FAB LAB College of Engineering Japan Kamakura FabLab Kamakura, Kanagawa Japan Tsukuba FPGA Cafe/ FabLab Tsukuba South Korea Seoul TIDE Fab Lab Seoul Indonesia Yogyakarta HONF House of Natural Fiber Russia Moscow MHTCh FabLab Russia St Petersburg Taiwan Taipei Fablab Taipei Taiwan Taipei Fablab Taiwan Turkey Istanbul Cibali, Istanbul Turkey Istanbul Camlica, Uskudar Vietnam Hué Maison des savoirs 17
  18. 18. 18SocialFab 2013 Global Collaboration beyond borders Networked globally, FabLabs collaborate each other Sharing info via FabWiki, 24-h synchronization via Video Conf. system FabLab operations are diverse: run by University, Research and Educational organizations, Community Center, Cultural institutions, or individuals Photo by FabLab Kamakura
  19. 19. 19SocialFab 2013 Some FabLab equipment  3D Printer, Laser Cutting Machine, CNC Milling Machine, etc. 3D Printer Laser Cutting Machine CNC Milling Machine
  20. 20. 20SocialFab 2013 New Tools are coming up 3D Pen, using KickStarter 3D Knitting Machine 3D Cutter?Lunch Box Builder
  21. 21. 21SocialFab 2013 Fabulous Products Photo by FabLab Kamakura
  22. 22. 22SocialFab 2013 Design by Youka Watanabe Photo by FabLab Kamakura
  23. 23. 23SocialFab 2013 Photo by FabLab Kamakura
  24. 24. 24SocialFab 2013 Photo by FabLab Kamakura
  25. 25. 25SocialFab 2013 Potential of FabLab  Build new type of Information Society  Develop next generation of leaders  Innovate not only manufacturing, but the whole society together  Creating “Sharables”/linkages instead of products  Combined with ICT, traditional craftsmanship will leap  Deeply rooted with community  Global reach and collaboration
  26. 26. 26SocialFab 2013 Fields covered by FabLab  Appropriate Technology  Art  Empower small factories  New type of R&D  Business and Commerce  Empower local community  Education
  27. 27. 27SocialFab 2013 Some Issues and Challenges  Sustainable Development  Human Resources  Business base/model  Education  Legal Issues  Open Source vs IPR  Product Liability  Licensing Schemes  Standardization  Global standard  Global Policy Framework  Governance