2012-2013IZOLA LORRAINE GO KIMBERLY AVILA CS-3 PROF. MAGLAQUI
Section 1 The nat i onal t er r i t or y com i ses t he prPhi l i ppi ne ar chi pel ago, w t h al l t he ii sl ands and w er s em aced t her ei n, and at bral l ot her t er r i t or i es over w ch t he hiPhi l i ppi nes has sover ei gnt y orj ur i sdi ct i on, consi st i ng of i t st er r est r i al , f l uvi al , and aer i al dom ns, aii ncl udi ng i t s t er r i t or i al sea, t he seabed,t he subsoi l , t he i nsul ar shel ves, andot her subm i ne ar eas. The w er ar ound, ar atbet w een, and connect i ng t he i sl ands of t hear chi pel ago, r egar dl ess of t hei r br eadt h
NECESSITY OFCONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONONBINDING FORCE OF SUCH PROVISION(1) NATIONAL TERRITORYUNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW-THERE ISNO RULE IN INTERNATIONAL LAW WHICHREQUIRES A STATE TO DEFINE ITSTERRITORIAL BOUNDARIES IN ITSCONSTITUTION. THE REASON IS THATWITH OR WITHOUT SUCH A PROVISION, ASTATE UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW HASTHE EXTEND OF ITS TERRITORY.
(2) VALU O PR VI SI O D N N O R E F O N EFI I G UN O AL TER I TO Y- EVER O ER PO ER ATI N R R Y TH WI S EXC D FR MEXER I SI N D M N O O LU ED O C G OI I N RJU I SD C O W TH U TH C N T O TH R I TI N I O T E O SEN F EPH LI PPI N I ES.I N N O AL LAWR O N ZES TH TER ATI N EC G I ESU EM AU O I TY O EVER STATE W TH N PR E TH R F Y I II TS TER I TO Y, ALTH U H FO EI G R R OG R NSO EI G S AN D PLO ATI C EN YS AR VER N D I M VO EEN TLED TO EXEM O FR MLO AL C VI L TI PTI N O C IAN C I M N JU I SD C O . D R I AL R I TI N
(3) ACQUISITION OF OTHERTERRITORIES- THE DEFINITION OF OURNATIONAL TERRITORY IN OURCONSTITUTION DOES NOT PREVENT THEPHILIPPINES FROM ACQUIRING OTHERTERRITORIES IN THE FUTURE THROUGHANY OF THE MEANS SANCTIONED BYINTERNATIONAL LAW
NATIONAL TERRITORY OF THEPHILIPPINES (1) The Philippine archipelago with all the island and waters embraced therein; (2) All other territories over which the philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction (3) The terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains including the territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas thereof; and (4) The internal waters
ARCHIPELAGOIs derived from the Greek wordpelagos meaning “sea”. It hasbeen defined as a sea or part ofa sea studded with islands, oftensynonymous with island group, oras a large group of island in anextensive body of water.
OTHER TERRITORIES OVER WHICH THEPHILIPPINES HAS SOVEREIGNTY ORJURISDICTION(1) Pendi ng Phi l i ppi ne cl ai m t o Sabah-’Al l t heot her t er r i t or i es bel ongi ng t o t he phi l i ppi nesby hi st or i c r i ght or l egal t i t l e’ t he phr aseacqui r ed a def i ni t e m eani ng i n t he 1973const i t ut i on as a cover -al l f or pendi ngPhi l i ppi ne cl ai m t o Sabah (f or m l y i n N t h er orBorneo) against Malaysia and the possible claim tothe so-called Freedomland (a group islands known as“Spratley” i sl and i n t he Sout h C na Sea) and t he hiM i anas I sl and i ncl udi ng G , or any ot her ar uamt er r i t or y over w ch t he phi l i ppi nes m i n t he hi ayf ut ur e f i nd i t has r i ght t o cl ai m .
(2) Future claims by the Philippine toother areas- “by historic right or legaltitle” is not to be constructed asprecluding future claims by thephilippines to areas over which itdoes not actually exercisesovereignty. The change is designedto improve our relations with Malaysiawhile allowing flexibility in pursuingthe Sabah claim.
OTHER AREAS INCLUDED IN THEPHILIPPINE ARCHIPELAGOThe terrestrial sea- part of the sea extending 12nautical miles (19 kms) from the low-watermark.Also called the “marginal sea”, the “marginal belt”,or the “marine belt”.The seabed (sea floor or sea bottom)- land thatholds the sea, lying beyond the seashore includingmineral and natural resourcesThe subsoil- everything beneath the surface soiland the seabed, including mineral and naturalresources
Insular shelves (orcontinental shelves)- thesubmerged portions of acontinent or seashore islandOther submarine areas- refersto all areas under theterritorial sea. amongoceanographic terms used areseamount, trough, trench,basin, deep, bank, shoal, andreef.
THREE FOLD DIVISION OFNAVIGABLE WATERS parts of the seaInland or internal waters-within the land territory. Considered in thesame light as river, canal, and lake within theland territory of a state. Also called“national waters”Territorial sea (supra)- the belt of wateroutside and parallel to the coastline or tothe outer limits of the inland or internalwaterHigh or open seas- waters that lie seawardof the territorial sea
THE PHILIPPINEPOSITIONFatal effect of application of 12 miles rule upon territorialintegrity of the Philippine- in the international conventionon the law of the sea held in Geneva in 1958, thePhilippine position was explained as follows:“to apply the three-mile rule to the philippines, with everyisland having its own territorial sea, would have a fataleffect upon the territorial integrity of the philippines.””as long as the Philippine constitution stands, as long asthe philippines continue as one united country, and aslong as the philippines constitutes one nation, the three-mile limit can never be accepted to us.”
in a statement before the Sub-Committee II of thecommittee on peaceful uses of the seabed andthe ocean floor beyond the limits of nationaljurisdiction at Geneva on August 16, 1971, thesolicitor General of the philippines reiterated thereasons why over 7,000 islands composing thePhilippine should be treated as one whole unit:“more than seven thousand islands comprise thePhilippine ruled by one whole unitarygovernment, bound by a common heritage,beholden to the same tradition, pursuing thesame ideals, interdependent and unitedpolitically, economically and socially as onenation.
t er r i t or i al sea and t hat base l i nes m be dr aw ust nar ound each i sl and i s t o spl i nt er i nt o 7,000 pi ecesw hat i s a si ngl e nat i on and a uni t ed st at e.D ependi ng on t he br eadt h of t he t er r i t or i al seat hat m em ge, such pocket s of hi gh seas i n t he ay ervery heart of the country may be such small areas of nomore than 5 to 10 or 15 square miles.”Ar chi pel ago pr i nci pl e f ul l y r ecogni zed by U l aw Nof t he sea convent i on- a t w ve-m l e br eadt h of t he el it er r i t or i al sea w d not be accept abl e t o t he oulphi l i ppi nes as i t w d st i l l r esul t i n havi ng oulsom pocket s w t hi n t he sea bet w e i een som i sl and ew ch w d be consi der ed i nt er nat i onal w er s. I t hi oul atw r at i f i ed by t he i nt er i mbat asang pam as bansa onFebr uar y 27, 1984
Summary (Article I)The national territory comprises the Philippinearchipelago, with all the islands and waters embracedtherein, and all other territories over which thePhilippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consistingof its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, includingits territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insularshelves, and other submarine areas. The watersaround between, the connecting the islands of thearchipelago, regardless of their breadth anddimensions, from part of the internal waters of thePhilippines.