There are different typesof transplants, but the mostcommon is the organ transplant. Atransplant is needed because anorgan could be damaged oraffected by dieses. This organcould be a liver, kidney, heart or alung, but I will be talking about Figure 1 Difference between a healthy liver and an infected (Procto-Med, 2009)the liver. The liver does a lot ofvital functions in the body such as storing large amount of blood, glycogen, vitaminsand minerals. It also helps our body by detoxifying, chemicals, hormones andmolecules. But there are some causes that can damage the liver such as differenttypes of dieses or Hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver cancer. It could also be because youare not keeping your body healthy by drinking or smoking too much, as well asbuilding up of fat in the liver. (See Fig. 1) Due to these problems the person needsto get and liver transplant, replacing his liver with an artificial liver. (NIDDK,Unknown Date)
The Process of a liver transplant is basically simple. First they would need to find a liver, this could be from a donor or a corpse. While they are taking out the liver, the recipient would be getting prepared for the transplant, because it would immediately take place after the liver is taken out. They first take out the infected liver from the recipient leaving the donor’s in cold time. The procedure wouldFigure 2 How it looks like after the transplant (A.D.A.M, 2006) usually last up to 12 hours, after the transfer the patient is required to take medicine in order for the body to accept the liver. The patient would also have to save in recovery for a couple of weeks; this would hugely help the patient and reduce danger for the patient. (See Fig. 2) (E-Medicine, Unknown date) There are many advantages and disadvantages when a patient is getting a liver transplant. A huge advantage would be less death or problems when you are waiting for an organ. But it depends on the conditions, diagnosis or status. This is the main advantage of the transplant. A different advantage would be the amount of cold time for the liver. Right after the liver is being removed from the donor, it
is immediately placed in the recipient. This reduces the amount of damaged is givento the liver when the liver is in cold time, which is when it is kept on ice. This willgive a high possibility of the liver functioning in good health. Finally, the number oflivers available for a recipient is increased. The recipient no longer requirescadaver’s liver; instead the recipient can have a high performance liver from a livingdonor. (Mayo clinic, Unknown Date) Even if there are some decent advantages of a liver transplant, there aresome negatives that would hugely affect people. One of them would be having apossibility of getting the graft rejection due to your body. A high risk of havingyour immune system attacking the liver and possibly destroying it. There aredifferent types of rejection, the way it rejects the liver and when it will happenafter the transplant. After the patient receive a transplant, the patient then haveto take different types of drugs and medicine in his whole life. The medicine helpsthe body accept the liver in order for it to help the patient. But a hugedisadvantage when having a liver transplant is the problems that occur for thepatient. After the transplant there is likelihood that the liver can be damaged againcausing huge problems for the patient. Dieses or issues that the patient had couldattack the liver, such as having Hepatitis C coming back again and damaging the
liver. A blockage between the blood vessels and liver would destroy the liver, makingit useless for the patient. (UCLA Transplantation Services, Unknown Date) There are dissimilar kinds of issues that affect liver transplants. Thesesissues also affect people because they prevent the patients from gettingtransplants, not only that but they also changes the person’s lifestyle. A world issuethat all organ transplants have to face is an ethical issue. This issue has affected allthe organ transplants; it also was a huge problem in liver transplant history. Theissue is the amount of liver that is available for a recipient, some people have to buyone and some have to wait for a quite a while. This has affected organ transplantshighly because a lot of people die due to this problem. In the past, it also increasesthe problems for some people because they have to make a choice of which persongets an organ based from a group of people.It is very stressing because they have to make a huge decision and argue why theymade that decision. This is really hard for people because they have to pick whogets the organ based on their status. This focuses on family, contribution tosociety, history and health status. But now it is easier because there is a waiting listand fewer amounts of pressure and problems come to mind when there is an organtransplant. (Kittredge, Mary, 1989)
After a transplant a patient always has an economics issue that will affecttheir lifestyle. The patient is required to take medicine after their transplant, thiswill last for his whole life. For every year this patient has to pay for the medicine inorder for him to risk the chance of organ problems for him. The transplant itself isalso highly expensive, including other processes like hospital transplant admission,physician during transplant and procurement. (See Fig 3) The patients also have togo for a regular check up, which also would cost him some money. (United Networkfor Organ Sharing, 2003)Figure 3 Organ transplant costs (United Network for Organ Sharing, 2003) The essay summarizes the significances of liver transplants, such as thedisadvantages and advantages of liver transplant. Only it also describes two issuesthat affected liver transplants for patients. This essay portrays the differenttypes of imperative of liver transplants and how it affects the lives of people.
Liver transplants is interesting and amazing because I thought transplants wouldhelp the patient and make his life better and easier. But it actually takes a lot ofeffort and work to survive after this transplant. I also didn’t know there were somany disadvantages when having a liver transplant, and the how it affects theirlifestyle. The different types of issues I researched about was also fascinating andsurprising, because I can learn the history of organ transplants and issues thatoccurred. Due to the amount of disadvantages, avoiding liver transplants would bean affective way. Taking care of yourself would be an easy way to avoid getting thistransplant, because from this essay it tells there are a lot of disadvantages whengetting this transplant. There are also risks when you are getting a transplant thatcould possibly death or rejection of the organ.
Citations:"FAQs | Patient Resources | UCLA Transplantation Services - Los Angeles, CA." UCLA Transplantation Services - Los Angeles, CA. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2011. <http://transplants.ucla.edu/body.cfm?id=54&category=4>.Kittredge, Mary. Organ transplants . New York: Chelsea House, 1989. Print.Laws. " Transplant Living: Organ Donation and Transplantation Information for Patients." Transplant Living: Organ Donation and Transplantation Information for Patients. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.transplantliving.org/beforethetransplant/finance/costs.aspx>."Live Donor Liver Transplantation." BC Transplant. Massachusetts Medical Society , n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <www.transplant.bc.ca/pre_livingliver.htm>."Liver Transplant." Emedicine Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <www.emedicinehealth.com/liver_transplant/article_em.htm>."Liver Transplantation Procedure." Yale Medical Group. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.yalemedicalgroup.org/stw/Page.asp?PageID=STW028975>."Liver Transplantation: MedlinePlus." National Library of Medicine - National
Institutes of Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/livertransplantation.html>."Organ Transplant Options, Surgeons and Research at Mayo Clinic." Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/transplant/innovation.html>."The Gift of a Lifetime: The Transplant Waiting List." Organ Donation, Tissue Donation, Organ Transplants - The Gift of a Lifetime. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.organtransplants.org/understanding/unos/>."What I need to know about Liver Transplantation." National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/livertransplant_ez/>.Pictures:http://www.healingdaily.com/conditions/cirrhosis-liver.jpg (Picture 1)http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/adam/images/en/liver-transplant-aftercare-picture.jpg (Picture 2)http://www.transplantliving.org/beforethetransplant/finance/costs.aspx(Picture 3)!