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River nile



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  • 1. PRESENTED BY:Muhammad Azaz0331-8788660Departmentof GeographyGCUF
  • 2. TopicThe NileRiver
  • 3.  Nile river Location of Nile History of Nile Source of Nile Tributaries of Nile Mouth of river Nile Flora and fauna Importance of Nile Facts about Nile References
  • 4. River Nile The Nile river is the longestriver in the world. The Nile gets its name fromthe Greek word “Nelios”,meaning River Valley. Nile is about 6,650 km(4,130 miles) long andwidth is about 8 km. Although it is generallyassociated with Egypt, only22% of the Nile’s courseruns through Egypt.
  • 5. Location of Nile The Nile River is locatedin Africa, The Nile Rivertravels through Egypt,Uganda, Ethiopia,Kenya, Tanzania,Democratic Republic ofthe Congo, Rwanda,Burundi, Sudan, andSouth Sudan.
  • 6. History of Nile Historians call Egyptiancivilization the “Gift of theNile.” In Egypt, the River Nile createsa fertile green valley across thedesert. It was by the banks ofthe river that one of the oldestcivilizations in the worldbegan. The ancient Egyptians livedand farmed along the Nile,using the soil to produce foodfor themselves and theiranimals.
  • 7. Nile God (God,s and Goodness)Hapi was the Nilegod. Honoring a godwas very important,so when a floodcame the Egyptianswould thank Hapi forbringing fertility tothe land.
  • 8. Source of Nile Lake victoria in Uganda(which is Africans biggestlake) is thought to be themain source of the Nile With a surface area of 68,800sq. km (26,600 sq. mi), LakeVictoria is Africa’s largestlake. its the largest tropical lake inthe world. Lake Victoria is relativelyshallow. It has a maximumdepth of 84 meters (276 ft.)and an average depth of 20meters (66 ft.). Lake Tana in Ethiopia.
  • 9. Tributaries of River Nile There are two tributaries ofRiver Nile White Nile and Blue Nile The White Nile is a lotbigger than the Blue Nilebut it only contributesabout 15% to the flow ofthe combined Nile. he BlueNile, rising in Ethiopia,contributes about 85%.
  • 10. Fauna of the River Nile The location of the Nilecrocodile (Crocodylusniloticus) extends the entirelength of the Nile and acrossAfrica south of Sahara. The hippos have beengradually displaced toward thecenter of the continent, that is,toward the sources of the greatriver.
  • 11. Papyrus Reeds papyrus reeds grewalong side the Nile Papyrus used tomake paper forwriting and drawing People used alsopapyrus for makingboats which wasthe fastest form oftransportation
  • 12. Mouth of River NileThe Mouth of the River Nile is in the Mediterraneansea.
  • 13. Source of income of theNile peopleNile people has following source ofincome, Fishing and hunting Transportation Forming Paper Manufacturing
  • 14. Fishing and hunting The Egyptiansused the nets andspears to catch thefish along the Nile They can alsoused nets to catchbirds which flewclose along thewater’s surface
  • 15. Flooding The river Nile flooded everyyear between June andSeptember The heavy summer rain in theEthiopian mountains sent lotsof water to the banks of theNile river in Egypt to overflow on the flat dessert land The Nile doesn’t flood todaydue to building the high dam inAswan in 1970
  • 16. Forming The Nile providedfood such as fish,and water Because of it’sannual flooding, theNile also enrichedthe surrounding soilwith rich nutrients,making the soilvery fertile
  • 17. Nile is a giver of life and takerof life
  • 18. Facts about Nile The Nile River is the longest river in the world. The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The largest source of the Nile is Lake Victoria. The Nile has a length of about 6,695 kilometers(4,160 miles). Its average discharge is 3.1 million liters (680,000gallons) per second. Around 40 million people (half of Egypt’spopulation) live in the Nile Delta region. Throughout the year, the Nile serves as a constantsource of water.
  • 19. 