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Nile river Location of Nile History of Nile Source of Nile Tributaries of Nile Mouth of river Nile Flora and fauna Importance of Nile Facts about Nile References
River Nile The Nile river is the longestriver in the world. The Nile gets its name fromthe Greek word “Nelios”,meaning River Valley. Nile is about 6,650 km(4,130 miles) long andwidth is about 8 km. Although it is generallyassociated with Egypt, only22% of the Nile’s courseruns through Egypt.
Location of Nile The Nile River is locatedin Africa, The Nile Rivertravels through Egypt,Uganda, Ethiopia,Kenya, Tanzania,Democratic Republic ofthe Congo, Rwanda,Burundi, Sudan, andSouth Sudan.
History of Nile Historians call Egyptiancivilization the “Gift of theNile.” In Egypt, the River Nile createsa fertile green valley across thedesert. It was by the banks ofthe river that one of the oldestcivilizations in the worldbegan. The ancient Egyptians livedand farmed along the Nile,using the soil to produce foodfor themselves and theiranimals.
Nile God (God,s and Goodness)Hapi was the Nilegod. Honoring a godwas very important,so when a floodcame the Egyptianswould thank Hapi forbringing fertility tothe land.
Source of Nile Lake victoria in Uganda(which is Africans biggestlake) is thought to be themain source of the Nile With a surface area of 68,800sq. km (26,600 sq. mi), LakeVictoria is Africa’s largestlake. its the largest tropical lake inthe world. Lake Victoria is relativelyshallow. It has a maximumdepth of 84 meters (276 ft.)and an average depth of 20meters (66 ft.). Lake Tana in Ethiopia.
Tributaries of River Nile There are two tributaries ofRiver Nile White Nile and Blue Nile The White Nile is a lotbigger than the Blue Nilebut it only contributesabout 15% to the flow ofthe combined Nile. he BlueNile, rising in Ethiopia,contributes about 85%.
Fauna of the River Nile The location of the Nilecrocodile (Crocodylusniloticus) extends the entirelength of the Nile and acrossAfrica south of Sahara. The hippos have beengradually displaced toward thecenter of the continent, that is,toward the sources of the greatriver.
Papyrus Reeds papyrus reeds grewalong side the Nile Papyrus used tomake paper forwriting and drawing People used alsopapyrus for makingboats which wasthe fastest form oftransportation
Mouth of River NileThe Mouth of the River Nile is in the Mediterraneansea.
Source of income of theNile peopleNile people has following source ofincome, Fishing and hunting Transportation Forming Paper Manufacturing
Fishing and hunting The Egyptiansused the nets andspears to catch thefish along the Nile They can alsoused nets to catchbirds which flewclose along thewater’s surface
Flooding The river Nile flooded everyyear between June andSeptember The heavy summer rain in theEthiopian mountains sent lotsof water to the banks of theNile river in Egypt to overflow on the flat dessert land The Nile doesn’t flood todaydue to building the high dam inAswan in 1970
Forming The Nile providedfood such as fish,and water Because of it’sannual flooding, theNile also enrichedthe surrounding soilwith rich nutrients,making the soilvery fertile
Facts about Nile The Nile River is the longest river in the world. The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The largest source of the Nile is Lake Victoria. The Nile has a length of about 6,695 kilometers(4,160 miles). Its average discharge is 3.1 million liters (680,000gallons) per second. Around 40 million people (half of Egypt’spopulation) live in the Nile Delta region. Throughout the year, the Nile serves as a constantsource of water.