Material created byIZASKUN IBAÑEZTeacher at Ander Deuna Ikastola
Climate encompasses the statistics of:TemperatureHumidityAtmospheric pressureWindPrecipitationin a given region over long periods, and is affectedbyLatitudeTerrainAltitudenearby water bodies and their currents.Weather is the mix of events that happens eachday in our atmosphere regarding temperature,humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind andprecipitation.
Is divided into different climatic regions.And each of those CLIMATES affects each region’s - FAUNA - VEGETATION - SOIL TYPE - Circumstances of human population
That is…In the Basque Country we don’t have coconut trees or iguanasbecause our climate is not tropical! The relationship between climate and fauna and vegetation is not a coincidence! However, we have oak trees, squirrels etc in our forests. And the leaves’ color is different In Autumn, unlike in the evergreen tropical trees.
( or NATURAL HABITAT TYPE)The sum of animalsand vegetationwhich developunder the sameclimaticcondictions.
Each of the climates determines a biome CLIMATE The BIOME we will find in a place with that climateFor example: Tropical WET TROPICAL FORESTIn a territory Tropical MONSOON TROPICAL FOREST Tropical WET & DRY GRASSLAND (SAVANNA)with a Dry ARID HOT DESERT DESERT (HOT DESERT)tropical wet Dry ARID COLD DESERT DESERT (COLD DESERT)climate, Dry SEMI-ARID HOT GRASSLANDwe will find Dry SEMI-ARID COLD Temperate MEDITERRANEAN GRASSLAND (STEPPE) GRASSLAND (CHAPARRAL)a tropical Temperate HUMID SUBTROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLANDforest Temperate OCEANIC DECIDUOUS FORESTbiome. HUMID Continental DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLAND COLD Continental GRASSLND (STEPPE)And as Continental SUBARTIC TAIGAfollows: Polar TUNDRA TUNDRA Polar ICE CAP ICE CAP
CLIMATE BIOMEPOLAR ICE CAP ICE CAP GREENLAND ICELAND PATAGONIA
THEN… IS “SAVANNA” A BIOME?SAVANNA is a type of GRASSLAND.Some consider GRASSLANDS as a MAJOR BIOME and its varieties as SUB-BIOMESand others consider each of the varieties a different BIOME.But WHY?Because each of the VARIETIES of GRASSLANDS occurs under DIFFERENT CLIMATICCONDITIONS and we said that Biomes where “The sum of animals and vegetationwhich develop under the same climatic conditions”. GRASSLANDSSAVANNA PRAIRIE CHAPARRAL STEPPE PAMPAAfrica USA Mediterranean Mid Asia ArgentinaAustralia areasIndiaTropical wet & dry - Continental - Temperate - Cold - Humid - Dry Mediterranean Continental subtropical semiarid - Dry Semiarid