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  • 1. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
    By: IzabellaSwaren
  • 2. History
    The convention occurred because the seas were being over used
    There was no law or restrictions on most of the seas
    They were being exploited environmentally and for their resources, such as fish
    Countries started moving their influence farther and farther from the coast
  • 3. Conference
    ArvidPardo in 1967 President of Malta
    -The convention was so important and ground-breaking because it set limits for everyone regarding the seas
    -No longer could countries decide for themselves what to do and what not to do
    -Gave rights to all countries whether they are located on a sea or not for example
    -Now were able to settle disputes with more ease
  • 4. Navigation
    Countries needed regulations around where they could go
    Allows countries to peacefully pass through the water areas
    Must respect international and coastal states laws
  • 5. EEZs around the World
  • 6. Deep Seabed Mining
    An example of how the convention works
    Works to make the international community come together to “behave in a consistent manner” when it comes to sea laws, with “dialogue, negotiations and agreement”
  • 7. Protection of the Marine Environment
    The convention addresses six main sources of ocean pollution:
    -Land-based and coastal activities
    -Continental-shelf drilling
    -Potential seabed mining
    -Ocean dumping
    -Vessel-source pollution
    -Pollution from or through the atmosphere
  • 8. Marine Scientific Research
    Researchers are allowed to go into other country’s seas to conduct peaceful research
  • 9. Settlement of Disputes
    Two approaches (regarded as a landmark in the international law) were decided upon:
    -Direct negotiations
    -Binding settlements
  • 10. Canadian Interests
    Ice Covered Areas
    Gulf of Maine Dispute
  • 11. Actions of the Canadian Government
    In 2006 Prime Minister Steven Harper called upon the United States to “ratify the UN convention on the law of sea”
    In 2008 the Federal Natural Resources Minister Gary Lunn said that countries interested in Canada’s north are all working together to divide it up and create boarders (USA, Denmark with Canada)
  • 12. Goal of the Convention
    “the goal of the organization is to help states to better understand and implement the convention in order to utilize their marine resources in an environment relatively free of conflict and conductive to development, safeguarding the rule of law in the oceans”
  • 13. The Future