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The Political Economy of Regionalism and International Waters

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Maximiliano Campos. …

Maximiliano Campos.
7th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference. Oct 26-31, 2013 in Barbados.

Published in: Technology

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  • Some background about OAS:
    OAS evolved from the Commercial Bureau of American Republics (1890) into the Pan-American Union and then to the OAS in 1948. Its legal capacity is established in the charter of the Organization signed in Bogotá in 1948 and in the Agreement of Privileges and Immunities of the Organization.
    Its early work in land-use planning, integrated water resource management, and disaster management was instrumental in establishing a number of groundbreaking policies, institutions and ministries that remain active in the Western Hemisphere today
  • Global Challenges are certainly a magnified expression of the addition of local, regional and hemispheric challenges with related impacts at all scales too.
    Global warming (the rise in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans primarily caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation) is an example on how local activities can lead to and have global impacts. It is also an example on how, even the best of global policies (expressed trough treaties, Conventions and protocols) can not be enough without local engagement (local policies).
  • It evolved from the Commercial Bureau of American Republics (1890) into the Pan-American Union and then to the OAS in 1948. Its legal capacity is established in the charter of the Organization signed in Bogotá in 1948 and in the Agreement of Privileges and Immunities of the Organization.
    Its early work in land-use planning, integrated water resource management, and disaster management was instrumental in establishing a number of groundbreaking policies, institutions and ministries that remain active in the Western Hemisphere today
  • Transcript

    • 1. ORGANIZATION BackgroundAMERICAN STATES INTEGRAL SECRETARY OF INTEGRAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTAMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT • The Organization of American States (OAS) is the oldest public international organization in the world. • • OAS evolved from the Commercial Bureau of American Republics (1890) into the Pan-American Union and then to the OAS in 1948. The Political Economy of Regionalism Brings together countries and International Waters of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation and advance in common interests. • Development work experience since the 1960s (land-use planning, integrated water resource management, national development plans and disaster management) later focused on environment and sustainable development. Maximiliano Campos Senior Water Specialist Chief Integrated Water Resources Management
    • 2. Global Challenges = IMPACTS Σ [ Hemispheric {Σ Regional (Σ Local)} ] Challenges IMPACTS SOLUTIONS SOLUTIONS Global / Local interactions of global warming
    • 3. Overview and Context • The Organization of American States (OAS) is the oldest public international organization in the world. • The OAS brings together all 35 independent states of the Americas and constitutes the main political, juridical, and social governmental forum in the Hemisphere. In addition, it has granted permanent observer status to 67 states, as well as to the European Union (EU). • Brings together countries of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation and advance in common interests. • The Organization was established in order to achieve among its member states, as stipulated in Article 1 of its Charter………….. "an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence”.....
    • 4. Basis for Action •Summit of the Americas Process •OAS-General Assembly Resolutions •Santa Cruz +10 Declaration: – Inter-American Program on Sustainable Development (PIDS) 2006-2009 (extended to 2014), – Declaration of Santo Domingo for the Sustainable Development of the Americas; – Strategic Plan for Partnerships for Integral Development – Declaration on Security in the Americas (October 28, 2003) •PC Committee on Hemispheric Security •Joint Consultative Organ (JCO) on Natural Disasters •National Focal Points (Networks)
    • 5. Department Sustainable Development • More than 50 years of experience on Sustainable Development and Environment in the Americas. • Principal Technical arm of GS/OAS, responsible for supporting Political Organs of OAS and meeting technical-policy needs of Member States on Environment and Sustainable Development. • Facilitates regional exchange of information and cooperation on Sustainable Development through project execution, policy recommendations, support to political bodies and Ministerial Processes. • Vehicle for Public Participation in Sustainable Development and Environmental Management (Secretariat for ISP and highest percentage of Civil Society relations in the Organization) • Supports Program of Work of the General Secretary of OAS in addressing Democracy and Development by fostering cooperation among countries with shared circumstances or problems and by strengthening multinational and national cooperation for sustainable development and environment in its strategic areas.
    • 6. Strategic Priority Areas • Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) • Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forests – Sustainable Cities • Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Mitigation • Management of Natural Hazards Risk • Environmental Law, Policy and Good Governance
    • 7. GLOBAL TO LOCAL CHALLENGES GENERAL SCENARIO IN THE AMERICAS -Weak institutions, obsolete or fragmented legislation, limited investments and/or financial mechanisms, unarticulated participation of civil society, private sector, academia and government, need for transparent management with information access and accountability …………. fragile GOVERNANCE Good Governance Environment Good Governance Environment COORDINATE WATER (& OTHER RESOURCES) MANAGEMENT COORDINATE WATER (& OTHER RESOURCES) MANAGEMENT MAXIMIZE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC WELFARE MAXIMIZE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC WELFARE (NON COMPROMIZING SUSTAINABILITY OF VITAL ECOSYSTEMS) (NON COMPROMIZING SUSTAINABILITY OF VITAL ECOSYSTEMS) -Exponential contamination of water. -Decrease in financial investments for maintenance and new hydraulic infrastructure (safe drinking water, sanitation, hydropower, transportation, tourism and recreation). OAS WATER AGENDA: Support Member States in developing plans, policies and projects to improve management, protection, conservation and sustainable use of water resources in the framework of their efforts to reduce poverty, converting water resources in a factor for understanding, cooperation and integration as well as a mechanism to strength peace, democracy and to promote sustainable development. Project Level Satellite Program for Development Argentina INTERAGUAS-Brazil -Changes in water supply due to climate variability and change. Coastal Caribbean Aquifers IWRM Focal Points San Juan River Basin -Increase in water demand due to population growth and water’s associated services Information Exchange Level Upper Paraguay River Basin Bermejo River Basin Water and Youth Water Resources in Brazil Policy Level DeltAmerica Guarani Aquifer San Francisco Summit of the Americas Process CEHICA Parnaíba River Basin - Brazil ISARM-Americas Program Transboundary Aquifers Focal Points Artibonito OAS General Assembly Ministerial Inter American Commission on Sust. Dev. (CIDS) Rio de la Plata Basin Regional Dialogues Amazon Basin Water and Health PRODESAM - Brazil Rio Negro Basin Wider Caribbean Water Resources Adaptation to Climate Change Esmeralda River Basin World Water Forum
    • 8. Challenges: Planetary-Hemispheric-Regional-National-Local Benefits of Regionalism: 3 objectives of GEF-IW-6 …. TRANSBOUNDARY….. They recognize the importance of regionalism •Transboundary factor: multilateral regional agreements/political resolutions, transboundary vision for problem/solution, experiences/best practices exchange •Complementarity: regional added value to national efforts, capacity building at the regional level, scale economy…. •Transparency/accountability: international/country supervision, agreed administrative procedures and processes, auditing. •Political engagement with Decision Makers: it provides confidence and trust to other sectors (private sector) …. platform for sustainability