The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF)

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Overview of CCRF & implementation efforts.

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  • The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF)

    1. 1. The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) Fisheries Department FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
    2. 2. Scope of presentation - for Session V. - GEF IW Conference: Overview of CCRF & implementation efforts –World fisheries: context (facts/issues) –The Code of Conduct (CCRF) –CCRF - Implementation –Outlook - suggestion – Barg, FAO
    3. 3. World Fisheries For human consumption: fish = 18% of all animal protein consumed World trade of fish: more than US $ 50 billion/year; half by developing countries; more important than tea, coffee Total production: = 117 million tonnes (mt) capture fisheries = 86 mt = 74% (marine = 67 %; inland = 7%) aquaculture = 31 mt = 26% for human consumption = 79% (rest = reduced)
    4. 4. World Fisheries: Major Issues Contribution to food security – food supply and human nutrition Poverty alleviation and rural development – livelihoods of small scale fishing & farming communities Sustainable development – conservation and management of resources
    5. 5. World Fisheries: Major Issues Over-fishing & excess capacity of fishing effort Environmental effects of fishing: habitat degradation By-catch, discards Environmental impacts (pollution, habitat degradation) ON fishery resources: inland waters, also coastal waters
    6. 6. The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (FAO, 1995)
    7. 7. The CCRF: Its Origins FAO Committee of Fisheries meeting 1991: call for more responsible practice, better management 1992 Cancún Conference on Responsible Fishing called on FAO to prepare a Code of Conduct Technical Consultations 1992-1995 lead to adoption of CCRF by FAO Conference Member Governments
    8. 8. The CCRF: Its Goals sustainable benefits from fisheries in terms of food, employment, trade and economic well-being for people throughout the world provides principles and standards applicable to the conservation, management and development of all fisheries
    9. 9. The CCRF: Its Structure Articles of the Code – Art. 1: Nature and scope – Art. 2: Objectives of the Code – Art. 3: Relationship with other International Instruments – Art. 4: Implementation, Monitoring and Updating – Art. 5: Special Requirements of Developing Countries – Art. 6: General Principles
    10. 10. The CCRF: Its Structure Articles of the Code – Art. 7: Fisheries management – Art. 8: Fishing Operations – Art. 9: Aquaculture Development – Art. 10: Integration of Fisheries into Coastal Area Management – Art. 11: Post-Harvest Practices and Trade – Art. 12: Fisheries Research
    11. 11. CCRF : Actors All members and non-members of FAO, Fishing entities, sub-regional, regional and global organisations, governmental or non-governmental, and All other interested stakeholders concerned with fisheries resources and fish trade
    12. 12. CCRF: Implementation FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries
    13. 13. CCRF: Implementation • Numerous initiatives at national levels – awareness raising, better practice, planning, legislation, • Monitoring, reporting and discussions – FAO Committee of Fisheries (COFI) – Regional Fishery Organisations / Fishery Commissions
    14. 14. CCRF: Implementation issues • Building institutional capacity • Coping with social stress and costs • Finding optimal transition pathways • Selecting optimal mix of measures • Mobilising participation • Protecting small-scale fisheries • Capacity building ; training; human resource development • Insufficient technical assistance and financial resources
    15. 15. CCRF: Implementation FAO support to Technical & Policy consultations on: – Eco-labelling – Sustainability Indicators – Fisheries Monitoring – Property Rights in Fisheries Management – Seabirds; Sharks; Management of Fishing Capacity. – Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
    16. 16. CCRF: Implementation Major Projects – Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme Western Africa (UK) – Research & Fisheries Management in Lake Tanganyika (Finland) – Reduction of environmental impact from Tropical Shrimp Trawling (- GEF support) – Sustainable Management of Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem (- GEF support)
    17. 17. CCRF: Implementation Major Projects Inter-regional Programme for the Assistance to Developing Countries for the Implementation of the CCRF, components : – Monitoring, Control, and Surveillance (MCS), and Scientific Advice for Fisheries Management (Norway) Components awaiting support: – Compliance Agreement; Statistics; Fishing Operations; Resource Surveys; Policy, Planning and Management; Fleet Restructuring Policies; Post-Harvest Practices & Trade; Support to NGOs
    18. 18. CCRF: Implementation International Consensus-building: next major FAO Expert Meetings: – Economic Incentives and Responsible Fisheries (incl. subsidies) – Strategies & Investment Needs for the Transition to Responsible Fisheries in Asia – Management of Shared Stocks – Reduction of Fishing Capacity – Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem
    19. 19. CCRF: Implementation Enhancing Major Information Resources - Facts, Strategic Advice and Networking for Sustainable World Fisheries: – FAO FISHSTAT PLUS Data Base – UN Atlas of the Oceans – FAO Fisheries Atlas – FAO Fisheries Global Information System (FIGIS) – GLOBEFISH markets and trade – ONEFISH - Internet Portal for Fisheries Research
    20. 20. Outlook: CCRF - Call for support The FAO Conference called on States, International Organisations, whether Governmental or Non-Governmental, and all those involved in fisheries to collaborate in the fulfilment and implementation of the CCRF. The FAO Fisheries Department welcomes continued co-operation in support of implementation of the CCRF.
    21. 21. Outlook: CCRF - Call for support In Your GEF International Waters Projects, please, THINK OF FISH and FISHERIES INVOLVE “FISH PEOPLE”

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