1
Role of Stakeholder Engagement
in
Integrated Water Management
(A GEF International Waters Perspective)
by Dann Sklarew, ...
2
Objectives of Presentation
Determine how to integrate GEF and others’ expectations
for public involvement into multi-cou...
3
Principles of IWRM
I. Water source and catchment conservation and protection are essential
II. Water allocation should b...
Adaptive IWRM
5
Participation Critical
to Adaptive IWRM
Stakeholder involvement:
can bring additional information and perspectives to be...
How GEF IW
Catalyzes Adaptive IWRM?
Nations’ adaptive IWRM to balance uses via cycle of –
Basin-wide Transboundary Diagnos...
TDA/SAP v. IWRM Process
M&E for ProgressMonitor & Evaluate
Implement FrameworksImplement
Build Goals, Commitment,
Strategy...
8
GEF Principles for Involvement
Enhance projects’ social, environmental, financial
sustainability.
Responsibility of coun...
9
GEF Policy on Public Involvement
All GEF-financed projects will provide for:
[1] full disclosure and dissemination of no...
10
GEF IW Project Cycle/Phases
Feasible
Options for
Intervention
Project Preparation
TDA Preparation
SAP Preparation
SAP I...
11
Stakeholder Involvement Plan:
Integrates Actions with Cycle
Provide Information Access
Stakeholder
Involvement Plan (SI...
12
Where do these actions fit in your cycle?
Provide Information Access
Stakeholder Consultation
and Participation
Actions...
14
Latin America’s Results
15
What about YOU?
16
How do these actions fit in your cycle?
Provide Information Access
Stakeholder Consultation
and Participation
Actions f...
17
Use in Project Preparation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonst...
18
Use in TDA Preparation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonstrati...
19
Use in SAP Preparation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonstrati...
20
Use in SAP Implementation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonstr...
21
How do you plan to apply these actions?
Provide Information Access
Stakeholder Consultation
and Participation
Actions f...
22
Use in Project Preparation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonst...
23
Use in TDA Preparation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonstrati...
24
Use in SAP Preparation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonstrati...
25
Use in SAP Implementation
Participatory M&E
Gender Mainstreaming
Improve Institutions
Improve Legal Frameworks
Demonstr...
26
Session Answered These Questions:
How have YOU pursued these involvement
activities? At what project phase? (How
succes...
27
Any other questions,
comments or insights?
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Role of Stakeholder Engagement in Integrated Water Management (A GEF International Waters Perspective) (Sklarew)

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Asia Regional Workshop on Stakeholder Engagement
in
International Waters Management
Hanoi, Vietnam, 2-4 April 2008

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  • Outline
    Review GEF expectations for public participation in its projects (from GEF Web site, elsewhere)‏
    Review GEF IW project phases (have projects self-identify where they are now), identifying entry points and appropriate techniques at each phase
    Involve participants in determining when/how specific tools/techniques have (peer-assist donors) or could be (assistance recipients) integrated into their own projects’ cycles (elaborating upon, and refining existing 4 sub-tables from
    Invite peer assists based on this experience (1-on-1, small group or 1-to-many, depending on results of table)‏
    Potential test questions:
    Describe GEF’s “public participation” requirements for all GEF-supported projects.
    Identify 1-3 pp tools or techniques you have used (and for what purpose) during project preparation, TDA and/or SAP development phases?
    Identify 1-3 pp tools or techniques you are considering applying (and for what purpose) at current (or next) phase of your project?
    Who here could help you to apply those tools or techniques?
  • Maggies summary: 1. Unsure how to put IWRM into practice? (Creates the appetite w/o the recipe book)‏
    2. Demand reduction is not politically attractive, almost counter-intuitive supply-side momentum of our civilization.
    3. Consideration of multiple interests not easy @ political [PM’s office] or bureaucratic levels (sectoral is status quo) [basin, village, community level] – requires revision of existing admiinstrative structures. “You can’t solve the water program until you resolve governance structures.”
  • This slide could be moved up to introductory remarks (Inaugural Session), along with remarks regarding needs expressed by GEF IW projects for this workshop (Foz and Beijing in 2002; Salvador and St. Petersburg 2005 [validated] and Nairobi 2006; and this workshop in context of iw:learn structured learning series (and tracks) and services.
    From GEF Web site:
    6. Information dissemination refers to the availability and distribution of timely and relevant information on GEF-financed projects. Aspects of dissemination include appropriate notification and disclosure of project information. and proper public access to it.
    7. Consultation pertains to information exchanges among the government, the Implementing Agency, project executing agencies, and other stakeholders. Although decision making authority rests with the government, the Agency, and project executing agencies, periodic consultations throughout the project cycle help managers make informed choices about project activities. Consultation further provides opportunities for communities and local groups to contribute to project design, implementation, and evaluation.
    8. Stakeholder participation is where stakeholders collaboratively engage, as appropriate, in the identification of project concepts and objectives, selection of sites, design and implementation of activities, and monitoring and evaluation of projects. Developing strategies for incorporating stakeholder participation throughout the project cycle is particularly necessary in projects which impact the incomes and livelihoods of local groups, especially disadvantaged populations in and around project sites (for example, indigenous communities, women, and poor households).
  • This slide could be moved up to introductory remarks (Inaugural Session), along with remarks regarding needs expressed by GEF IW projects for this workshop (Foz and Beijing in 2002; Salvador and St. Petersburg 2005 [validated] and Nairobi 2006; and this workshop in context of iw:learn structured learning series (and tracks) and services.
    From GEF Web site:
    6. Information dissemination refers to the availability and distribution of timely and relevant information on GEF-financed projects. Aspects of dissemination include appropriate notification and disclosure of project information. and proper public access to it.
    7. Consultation pertains to information exchanges among the government, the Implementing Agency, project executing agencies, and other stakeholders. Although decision making authority rests with the government, the Agency, and project executing agencies, periodic consultations throughout the project cycle help managers make informed choices about project activities. Consultation further provides opportunities for communities and local groups to contribute to project design, implementation, and evaluation.
    8. Stakeholder participation is where stakeholders collaboratively engage, as appropriate, in the identification of project concepts and objectives, selection of sites, design and implementation of activities, and monitoring and evaluation of projects. Developing strategies for incorporating stakeholder participation throughout the project cycle is particularly necessary in projects which impact the incomes and livelihoods of local groups, especially disadvantaged populations in and around project sites (for example, indigenous communities, women, and poor households).
  • Project Prep: At project conception, stakeholders can help to validate and test proponents’ assumptions regarding the nature and severity of transboundary problems, as well as desired environmental status. Where feasible, project proponents can benefit from consultation with local and national governmental institutions and civil society members (including NGOs, academics, private sector, community-based organizations, etc.) with known or likely interests in project-related issues
    As of 2007, once the GEF accepts a Project Identification Form (PIF) into its work program, the project's proponents may be eligible for a Project Preparation Grant (PPG), if needed, in order to develop a full project document [“ProDoc”] proposal for GEF approval. (A PIF and PPG requests may be submitted simultaneously.) The GEF expects the total time from PIF acceptance to ProDoc approval to be no more than 22 months. As a result, PPG resources could help leverage and expedite public involvement in project design during the limited time before ProDoc submission.
    TDA Prep: Historically, project preparation often includes one or more joint fact-finding activities by participating nations. These activities may produce inputs into the ProDoc and/or provide baseline data and information to guide the resulting project itself. Depending on circumstances, other partnerships opt to start joint fact-finding in earnest following project launch.
    The TDA process involves joint fact-finding and analysis of the sources, root causes, and impacts of transboundary water problems. The process also examines the influence of economic, legal, regulatory, and institutional frameworks on the management of international waters in the project area. One key output is a prioritization of the most critical issues. Stakeholder and public involvement in these activities enables projects to broaden the base of relevant knowledge, expertise, and values contributing to these joint fact-finding activities. Also valuable are stakeholders’ perspectives on the relative importance of transboundary issues and the acceptability of the proposed solutions. Taking these into account helps a project to build confidence in and ownership of interventions, thereby increasing their effectiveness and likelihood of sustaining impacts beyond the life of the project.
    SAP Prep/implementation
    GEF-catalyzed IW partnerships have generally focused on projects which develop and/or commence implementation of a Strategic Acton Programs for the target aquifer, water basin, coastal or marine ecosystem. GEF funds may also co-finance projects with SAPs already under implementation in order to help national partners realize specific management actions. As intervention options are identified and vetted through both SAP development, ultimate success often relies upon broad participation and buy-in from numerous people who will contribute to and benefit from implementing SAP activities.
  • Public and Stakeholder Involvement in GEF IW Projects
    Stakeholder Identification and Analysis
    Access to Information and Strategic Communications
    Legal Frameworks for Public Participation in IW Management
    Institutional Frameworks for Public Participation in IW Management
    Gender Mainstreaming in IW Management
    Environmental Education
  • Re-pull this from Bloxham presentation with verbiage in correct orientation.
  • Re-pull this from Bloxham presentation with verbiage in correct orientation.
  • Re-pull this from Bloxham presentation with verbiage in correct orientation.
  • Use green if worked; red if didn’t work, by your own account.
  • This would be a good wrap up question at end of many of the sessions…
  • Role of Stakeholder Engagement in Integrated Water Management (A GEF International Waters Perspective) (Sklarew)

    1. 1. 1 Role of Stakeholder Engagement in Integrated Water Management (A GEF International Waters Perspective) by Dann Sklarew, GEF IW:LEARN Asia Regional Workshop on Stakeholder Engagement in International Waters Management Hanoi, Vietnam, 2-4 April 2008
    2. 2. 2 Objectives of Presentation Determine how to integrate GEF and others’ expectations for public involvement into multi-country IWRM. Identify which public involvement tools/techniques might be appropriate or effective (for certain purposes) at each phase of GEF IW project cycle. Select 1 or more involvement actions which could be adapted to one’s own project at a certain project phase. Identify another participant here who could provide peer assistance to you in implementing such action(s).
    3. 3. 3 Principles of IWRM I. Water source and catchment conservation and protection are essential II. Water allocation should be agreed between stakeholders within a national framework III.Management needs to be taken care of at the lowest appropriate level IV.Capacity building is the key to sustainability V. Involvement of all stakeholders is required VI. Efficient water use is essential and often an important “source” in itself VII. Water should be treated as having an economic and social value VIII. Striking a gender balance is essential
    4. 4. Adaptive IWRM
    5. 5. 5 Participation Critical to Adaptive IWRM Stakeholder involvement: can bring additional information and perspectives to bear, vet proposed decisions and the information upon which they are based build support for the outcome which can help in implementation builds trust among various interests alleviate concerns that adaptive management can provide a loophole for individuals or organizations seeking to avoid taking action
    6. 6. How GEF IW Catalyzes Adaptive IWRM? Nations’ adaptive IWRM to balance uses via cycle of – Basin-wide Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA): What are key usage & sustainability issues? Basin-wide Strategic Action Programme (SAP): What are priority joint actions needed? Plans? National Implementation, with policy, legal and institutional reforms, investments & demonstrations Monitoring & Evaluation
    7. 7. TDA/SAP v. IWRM Process M&E for ProgressMonitor & Evaluate Implement FrameworksImplement Build Goals, Commitment, Strategy and Action Plan SAP Establish Status, Analyze Gaps TDA GWP IWRM CycleGEF TDA/SAP Cycle
    8. 8. 8 GEF Principles for Involvement Enhance projects’ social, environmental, financial sustainability. Responsibility of country governments & project executing agencies. Activities designed and implemented for flexibility, adapting and responding to national and local conditions and to project requirements Transparency and openness in deliberation and implementation Documentation of public involvement activities…
    9. 9. 9 GEF Policy on Public Involvement All GEF-financed projects will provide for: [1] full disclosure and dissemination of non- confidential information, and [2] consultation with, and [3] participation (as appropriate) of, major groups and local communities throughout the project cycle. BUT little GEF guidance on how to do so…
    10. 10. 10 GEF IW Project Cycle/Phases Feasible Options for Intervention Project Preparation TDA Preparation SAP Preparation SAP Implementation Disclosure and Dissemination of Information Recognize Transboundary Concerns Consultation with Stakeholders Participation of Stakeholders Underlying Root Causes Provisions for Involvement ¿ ? ¿ ? ¿ ?
    11. 11. 11 Stakeholder Involvement Plan: Integrates Actions with Cycle Provide Information Access Stakeholder Involvement Plan (SIP) Stakeholder Consultation and Participation Actions for Involvement Project Preparation TDA Preparation SAP Preparation SAP Implementation 2. Process Planning (e.g., Stakeholder Identification & Analysis) 1. Decision Analysis Ecologically Educate & Raise Awareness Improve Legal Frameworks for Involvement Improve Institutional Frameworks for Involvement Gender Mainstreaming Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation Demonstrations Project Cycle 3. Implementation Planning
    12. 12. 12 Where do these actions fit in your cycle? Provide Information Access Stakeholder Consultation and Participation Actions for Involvement Ecologically Educate & Raise Awareness Improve Legal Frameworks for Involvement Improve Institutional Frameworks for Involvement Gender Mainstreaming Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation Demonstrations Project Preparation TDA Preparation SAP Preparation SAP Implementation Project Cycle = Successful = Desired = Unsuccessful = Partially Successful
    13. 13. 14 Latin America’s Results
    14. 14. 15 What about YOU?
    15. 15. 16 How do these actions fit in your cycle? Provide Information Access Stakeholder Consultation and Participation Actions for Involvement Ecologically Educate & Raise Awareness Improve Legal Frameworks for Involvement Improve Institutional Frameworks for Involvement Gender Mainstreaming Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation Demonstrations Project Preparation TDA Preparation SAP Preparation SAP Implementation Project Cycle E.g., Example: • During TDA preparation, we provide researchers transboundary access to national water quality information.
    16. 16. 17 Use in Project Preparation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access
    17. 17. 18 Use in TDA Preparation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access
    18. 18. 19 Use in SAP Preparation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access
    19. 19. 20 Use in SAP Implementation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Benguela developed Stakeholder Involvement Plan.Consultation/Participation Information Access
    20. 20. 21 How do you plan to apply these actions? Provide Information Access Stakeholder Consultation and Participation Actions for Involvement Ecologically Educate & Raise Awareness Improve Legal Frameworks for Involvement Improve Institutional Frameworks for Involvement Gender Mainstreaming Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation Demonstrations Project Preparation TDA Preparation SAP Preparation SAP Implementation Project Cycle E.g.,?? ?? ?? ??
    21. 21. 22 Use in Project Preparation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access Who here could help you?
    22. 22. 23 Use in TDA Preparation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access Who here could help you?
    23. 23. 24 Use in SAP Preparation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access Who here could help you?
    24. 24. 25 Use in SAP Implementation Participatory M&E Gender Mainstreaming Improve Institutions Improve Legal Frameworks Demonstrations Educate & Raise-Awareness Consultation/Participation Information Access Who here could help you?
    25. 25. 26 Session Answered These Questions: How have YOU pursued these involvement activities? At what project phase? (How successful was it?) Which activities could help your project realize your project objectives, at current and future project phases? Who here could help you to do so?
    26. 26. 27 Any other questions, comments or insights?

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