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  • It is increasingly apparent that solving marine environmental degradation problems require regional and subregional collaboration. No single government, agency, donor agency, non-government agency nor specific groups can solely and effectively resolve the environmental problems of the region because of their complexities and transboundary nature.
    They require strong partnerships of all stakeholders at the local, national and regional levels through pooling of human and financial resources.
    Such partnerships create development opportunities, mobilize human and financial resources, increase effectiveness of networks, strengthen knowledge management, and improve cost-effectiveness of management interventions.
  • The environmental management framework to be adopted for the 3 hot spots includes:
    - risk assessment (environmental database, profiling, priority areas of concern, resource valuation, identification of ecological, human health and socioeconomic risks)
    - response (preventive and mitigative responses: strategic environmental management plans and issue-specific action plans, land- and sea-use planning, contingency planning, response equipment, response exercises, shore reception facilities, environmental investments; research, information dissemination
    - damage compensation and restoration (oil spill accounting and costing, natural resources damage assessment (NRDA), habitat restoration
    - environmental monitoring (indicators/benchmarks, interagency/intersectoral monitoring, modeling and forecasting)
    - capacity building (OPRC, resource valuation, NRDA, risk assessment and management, hazardous materials handling)
    - institutional mechanism (local, national, subregional, international conventions, policy, legislation/regulatory, financing and enforcement
  • In addition to the points given in the previous slide, the regional mechanism will have government agencies, as representatives of the State to serve as key partners in this initiative. In recognition of the growing significance of non-State actors in the implementation of environmental policy, partnerships will also be sought with members of civil society, such as nongovernmental and people’s organizations, the private sector and institutions recognized in the field of marine and coastal policy.
    The regional mechanism could also facilitate foreign assistance to the region by serving as the focal point through which such assistance can be channeled.
    The preparation and adoption of such a mechanism involves the consultation and involvement of participating countries to:
    - build consensus on the need and benefits of a regional mechanism
    - identify and assess the options for such an instrument
    - detail the implementation arrangements
    - develop and demonstrate a sustainable MERF as the scientific/technical arm of the regional mechanism
    - formulate and implement a communications plan designed to provide information to policy makers and other priority stakeholders in the region on the benefits to be derived from a regional mechanism.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Partnerships Communities Governments • Central • Local NGOs/ CBOs/POs/ Media Private Sector Scientific Communities International Organizations Donors Create development opportunities Mobilize resources Increase effectiveness of networks Improve cost- effectiveness Strengthen knowledge management Commitment to:
    • 2. Public-Private Partnership Process in Batangas, Philippines Identifying investment opportunities at ICM sites and RA/RM ‘hot spot’ locations Identifying investment opportunities at ICM sites and RA/RM ‘hot spot’ locations Technical and economic pre-feasibility Technical and economic pre-feasibility Defining mechanisms to catalyze, promote and advance environmental investments Defining mechanisms to catalyze, promote and advance environmental investments Round table meetings with investors, partners and stakeholders Round table meetings with investors, partners and stakeholders Investment processesInvestment processes Synthesizing policy/regulatory issues to create a climate conducive to environmental investments Synthesizing policy/regulatory issues to create a climate conducive to environmental investments Technologies and Services Environmental Investment
    • 3. Risk Assessment and Management in Subregional Sea Areas/Pollution Hot Spots Bohai Sea Manila Bay Gulf of Thailand Malacca Straits Institutional Arrangements Response Compensation/ Restoration Risk Assessment Environmental Monitoring Capacity Building Environmental Management Framework
    • 4. Sustainable Regional Mechanism Private Sector International Frameworks for Coastal & Marine Management Int’l Conventions Int’l Action Plans Regional Implementing MechanismRegional Implementing Mechanism Marine Environment Resource Facility Participating Countries in the Region Int’l, Regional Org./ Donors Products & Services Technical Assistance Products & Services Institutional Arrangements