Outlook on GEF6 – Proposed International Waters Strategy


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  • Talking about what will stay steady and where GEF 6 responds to urgent needs and puts emphasis on upcoming threats and stresses.Process – where is the strategy now ?
  • The overall goal has remained since IW 1995 strategyImportance to have a steady approach for processes that in itself are long-term – GEF IW hence provides a steady aim yet thrives to learn from lessonsBuilds on successful models and modifies from that baseIt also remains – key is aiding countries in balancing competing water needs across sectors and across borders – this remains at heart of the GEF strategy moving forwardOverall Impacts – > see last slideApproaches – leads to next slide
  • So how does GEF work ?Series of interventions neededGEF – “in-built approach” and recognition of the need for successive series of support – if progress is madeTake account of fact: Cooperation requires long-term commitments by development partners and countries alike1. “Foundational projects”:Establishment of National Inter-ministry Committees. Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis: joint fact-findingfor concerns and opportunities in the hydrologic unit; involve local & internat’l science communities, set priorities, break down complexity into manageable pieces. MOVE FROM PERCEPTIONS TO FACTS – demystifying perceptions through transparent, common fact finding process – TDA is a technical/ not political documentStrategic Action Program: Formulate shared vision, reforms and investments to address priority concerns & opportunities; set targets, commitments to adaptive management institutions with adoption by ministers. Intensive consultations/stakeholder involvement in TDA and SAP development; other: M & E indicators; website development for transparency; portfolio experience sharing & learning 36 or so TDA; 30 SAPs>>> Besides – integrated multi-state approaches; innovation is another – if less frequent approach – e.g. Hai Basin – water efficiency and nutrient run-off redcution, way back: Lake Manzala – constructed wetland; …>>> now : next frontier _ increased private sector involvement – Carlsberg – water savings in supply chain – water footprinting, Romania investment fund – on-lending to buy down costs of innovative technologies etc.
  • Always supported balance of competing needs, but Nexus Approach is a special opportunity for other Sectors Being in drivers Seat- more than IWRM to get ‘non water players’ to be involved; implications e.g. for governance of basin institutions- spec. greater involvement of MoFinance, Development, Planning..- bring nature in the nexus- closer ties between water-body based institution and other regional development processes & institutions
  • Common fact finding and knowledge can be a game changer (anchored in TDA/SAP approach); promote within-project science advisory panels and science-policy for aDid successful River Basin and some unique GW projects - now: conjunctive management needed – see Iullemeden project – learned that Niger is the major outlet for groundwater and at same time increased move to irrigated agriculture in West Africa – next project will combine approachesOUT OF THE WATER BOX : Supporting green growth/green economy through delivery on Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus - More than IWRM to get ‘non water players’ to be involved; implications e.g. for governance of basin institutions- Spec. greater involvement of MoFinance, Development, Planning..- Bring nature in the nexusCloser ties between water-body based institutions and other regional development processes & institutions
  • Hypocixa- reduce lb nutrient pollution; transform way nutrients are managed – incentives – working with private setcor – looking at nutrinetprocution and utilization – innovative policy, economic, financial tools – STAP Hypoxia report has been instrumentalCoastal habitats – 20 % of mangroves have been lost since 1980; 19 % of coral reefs have disappeared – and IPCC reports on impacts on CC are friegtheningGEF – substantially support further loss and degradation of coastal habitats; ICM as a useful tool. Both working with public and private sectorsSustainable fisheries – 19 % of all marine fish stocks have been overexploited, IUU catches alone are equivalent to about one-fitfth of reported global catch.Ecosystems based approaches, e.g. scaling up rights based management as one way to assure local access to coastal communities , sustainbalemariculture and MPAs as appropriate to local governance. Restructure fisheries management increase economic output, improve livelihoods, and food security aligning socio-economic incentives of fishermen and local fishing communities with the health of fish stocks. Sustainable fisheries in 20 % of globally depleted fisheries
  • Signature Program - Rebuilding Global Fisheries – global transformation of the fisheries sector, improved fisheries management systems, introducing sustainable fishing practices into globally depleted fisheries, improved monitoring and enforcement, scaling up of rights-based approaches, expansion of MPAs
  • Signature Program - Rebuilding Global Fisheries – global transformation of the fisheries sector, improved fisheries management systems, introducing sustainable fishing practices into globally depleted fisheries, improved monitoring and enforcement, scaling up of rights-based approaches, expansion of MPAsOthers SPs: Food Security, Amazon, Sustainable Cities, Commodities (Palm Oil, Soy …),
  • Outlook on GEF6 – Proposed International Waters Strategy

    1. 1. Outlook on GEF6 – Proposed International Waters Strategy Astrid Hillers GEF International Waters Focal Area IWC 7 Barbados
    2. 2. International Waters Focal Area  Goal: to promote collective management for transboundary water systems and foster policy, legal, and institutional reforms and investments towards sustainable use and maintenance of ecosystem services.  Focus: joint management of shared water systems to balance competing uses and enabling sharing of benefits from their utilization.  Key approaches/tools are still valid…
    3. 3. GEF IW investments through series of interventions Delivering GEF International Waters Global Environment Benefits Full-scale SAP Implementation Strengthening policy and legal and institutional frameworks Foundational Capacity Building/Enabling environments, Basic Policy and cooperation framework
    4. 4. What have we learned & influence on GEF-6 IW Strategy approaches (1) • Water is key to development – balance water needs across sectors and borders continues to be key. • Cooperation across borders takes time – GEF 6 remains to aim at supporting series of interventions • Climate change - no longer is the past a predictor for the future; to be addressed in ALL new TDA/SAPs – update early ones • Cooperation needs investments & investments need cooperation – GEF 6 foundational activities will continue to build in tangible demonstrations
    5. 5. GEF-6 IW Strategy approaches (2) • Bridge science-policy gap – scientists and technicians need to produce information in a form accessible & relevant to decision makers – From perceptions to facts – game changer – Advance economic evaluation – implications of development decisions • Food demand likely increase groundwater use - Advancing conjunctive management in tb basins/basin organisations & on national level and strengthening groundwater governance • OUT OF THE WATER BOX - Supporting green growth/green economy through delivery on Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus
    6. 6. GEF-6 IW Strategy approaches (3) • Melting High Altitude Glaciers - special challenge & attention –over 1 billion people dependent on water resources of Himalayas alone • Ocean Health – address key threats to oceans ecosystem health in an integrated way. Address multiple stresses on their shared LMEs and coasts through three interlinked programs: 1. Reduce Ocean Hypoxia 2. Prevent Loss and Degradation of Coastal Habitats 3. Foster Sustainable Fisheries
    7. 7. GEF-6 IW Strategy approaches (3) • Knowledge Management and Learning – build into all interventions. IW Learn has been an essential mechanism through GEF life & will expand into a wider partnership. • Targeted Research – staying ahead of curve • Results – clearer indicators to allow demonstrating impacts • Gender – more explicit attention & tracking access of gender differentiated indicators
    8. 8. Proposed GEF-6 IW Strategy Goal: To promote collective management of transboundary water systems and implementation of the full range of policy, legal and institutional reforms and investments contributing to sustainable use and maintenance of ecosystem services Objective 1: Catalyze Sustainable Management of Transboundary Waters Objective 2: Balance Competing Water-uses in the Management of Transboundary Surface and Groundwater 1.1 Foster Cooperation for Sustainable use of Transboundary Water Systems & Economic Growth 2.1 Advance Conjunctive Management of Surface & Groundwater systems Objective 3: Rebuild Marine Fisheries, Restore and Protect Coastal Habitats, and Reduce Pollution of Coasts and LMEs 3.1 Reduce Ocean Hypoxia 3.2 Prevent the Loss and Degradation of Coastal Habitat 1.2 Increase Resilience & Flow of Ecosystems Services in Context of Melting High Altitude Glaciers 2.2 Water/Food/Energy/ Ecosystem Security Nexus 3.3 Foster Sustainable Fisheries + Proposed Signature Program: Rebuilding Global Fisheries
    9. 9. Thank You!