텍스트 텍스트 Tragedy of the Commons http://s0.geograph.org.uk/photos/01/34/013499_d958cc19.jpg http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
commons non exclusion but rivalry Tragedy of the Commons private ownership government regulation self regulation overconsumption
private ownership government regulation self regulation Elinor Ostrom privatization with the market pine tree protection association “ Governing the Commons” transaction cost monopoly of the infrastrucure common goods as the infrastructure Tragedy of the Commons control by public authorities
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3045/2961565820_3d59b7bdfb_b.jpg http://creative http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ commons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Free Ride on the Commons
commons non exclusion and non rivalry intellectual property supply by goverment public subsidies underproduction Free Ride on the Commons
intellectual property as the exclusive right public supply public subsidies public funds privatization with the market patronage system open science public goods as the infrastructure financial incentive for innovation and creativity Free Ride on the Commons through public organizations
non exclusion rivalry non exclusion non rivalry underprodution overconsumption incentive regulation Physical Commons and Intellectual Commons infrastructure infrastructure
IC IP innovation creativity infrastructure resource IC(intellectual commons) and IP(intellectual property) economy
IC(intellectual commons) and IP(intellectual property) <ul><li>IC is different from PC(physical commons), as IP is different </li></ul><ul><li>from PP(physical property) </li></ul><ul><li>IC is not by-product of IP </li></ul><ul><li>IP is from IC </li></ul><ul><li>IC is infrastructure for IP itself as well as innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IP should be IC asap </li></ul><ul><li>Both IP and IC are for innovation and creativity </li></ul>
Out of the Balance transaction costs monopoly of the Infrastrucutre increasing costs for the innovation and creativity obstacles to the incremental and cumulative innovation hindrance to the cultural diversity market failure
extension of objects and periods patent for software and BM TPM micky mouse act putting the cart before the horse patent troll patent as a defensive measure copyright against free expression destruction of the commons aggressive IP policy e.g. Bay-Dole Act glovalization of IP digital contents on the internet Out of the Balance
http://www.papermasters.com/images/national-infrastructure.jpg not licensed by CCL Tragedy of the Non Commons
property rule exclusive right liability rule compulsory license ACS (alternative compensation system) free use with compensation various schemes opt-in, opt-out or mandatory by the law right for the compensation (1) trying to keep the Balance
http://www.greenxchange.cc/ not licensed under CCL
www.wbcsd.org/web/epc World Business Council for Sustainable Development )
http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en not licensed by CCL
Blues Sky Commission proposed by Prof. Lessig http://www.ip-watch.org/weblog/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/DSCF0886-1024x588.jpg http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
<ul><li>In the short term, to ‘actively support voluntary licensing’ schemes like Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly, for WIPO to establish a ‘blue sky commission’ to look into reforming copyright for the digital age. </li></ul>
IC IP innovation creativity infrastructure resource economy
Copyright by Jay Yoon( www.jayyoon.kr ) Except where otherwise noted, content o n t his work is licensed under a creative commons attribution South Korea 2.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/kr) .
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