Russia, Russians and Russian language

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Russian culture and language. Differences between Russians and Americans

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Russia, Russians and Russian language

  1. 1. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Russia, Russian language and Russians Ekaterina Vylomova Fulbright scholar at Montclair State University March 19, 2014 E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  2. 2. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Brief bio Brief Bio MSc, Bauman Moscow State Technical University E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  3. 3. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Brief bio Brief Bio MSc, Bauman Moscow State Technical University BSc, Bauman Moscow State Technical University E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  4. 4. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Brief bio Brief Bio MSc, Bauman Moscow State Technical University BSc, Bauman Moscow State Technical University Yandex School of Data Analysis (Moscow Institute of Physics & Technology) E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  5. 5. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Briey Brief Information the largest country in the world bordering with 18 countries 65% of its territory is permafrost the lowest temperature is -71 C(-95.8 F) Population 143 million people Moscow: 12 million people Saint Petersburg: 5 million people E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  6. 6. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Briey E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  7. 7. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Moscow. Red Square Ìîñêâà. Êðàñíàÿ ïëîùàäü Moscow.Red Square E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  8. 8. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Saint Petersburg Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðã - îêíî â Åâðîïó Window to the West and the Venice of the North E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  9. 9. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Saint Petersburg Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðã - îêíî â Åâðîïó Window to the West and the Venice of the North E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  10. 10. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Ïîåçä Ìîñêâà-Âëàäèâîñòîê! Moscow-Vladivostok train! E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  11. 11. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Ïëàöêàðòíûé âàãîí(Platzkarten-Wagen) - èäåàëüíîå ìåñòî äëÿ îáùåíèÿ! Couchette car: a perfect place for communication! E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  12. 12. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Èëè ïîåõàòü íà ìàøèíå... or go by car... E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  13. 13. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Àëòàé. Ãîðû Altai mountains E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  14. 14. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Óðàëüñêèå ãîðû The Ural mountains E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  15. 15. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Àëìàçíàÿ âîðîíêà, ã. Ìèðíûé, ßêóòèÿ Massive diamond pit in Mirny, Yakutiya E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  16. 16. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Êàì÷àòêà Kamchatka E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  17. 17. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Ïåòðîïàâëîâñê-Êàì÷àòñêèé Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  18. 18. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Êàðåëèÿ Karelia E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  19. 19. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Travel across Russia Àíàïà Anapa E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  20. 20. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Briey Most common languages more than 100 languages 92% are Russian native speakers Most common: Ukrainian, Belarusian, Armenian, German, Tatar E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  21. 21. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Basic Facts Ethnics E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  22. 22. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Briey Turgenev I.S.,1882 Âî äíè ñîìíåíèé, âî äíè òÿãîñòíûõ ðàçäóìèé î ñóäüáàõ ìîåé ðîäèíû,- òû îäèí ìíå ïîääåðæêà è îïîðà, î âåëèêèé, ìîãó÷èé, ïðàâäèâûé è ñâîáîäíûé ðóññêèé ÿçûê! Íå áóäü òåáÿ - êàê íå âïàñòü â îò÷àÿíèå ïðè âèäå âñåãî, ÷òî ñîâåðøàåòñÿ äîìà? Íî íåëüçÿ âåðèòü, ÷òîáû òàêîé ÿçûê íå áûë äàí âåëèêîìó íàðîäó! E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  23. 23. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Briey Turgenev I.S.,1882 In days of doubt, in days of painful thoughts about the fortunes of my native land, you alone are my support and stay, o great, mighty, truthful, and free Russian language! If it weren't for you, how could I not help falling into despair in view of everything that is taking place at home? But it is impossible not to believe that such a language was given to a great people! E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  24. 24. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Briey History of Russian language Slavic language of Indo-European family IX cent. Cyril and Methodius(Thessaloniki) established Russian alphabet IX-XVII church language only Peter I reforms: beginning of Russian literary language (Derzhavin) E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  25. 25. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Briey History of Russian language XVIII: Russian poetry era Alexander Pushkin: founder of modern Russian literary language Russian language proved to be suitable for the poetry development. This is the best criterion for estimation of phonetic properties of language. E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  26. 26. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Briey Àëåêñàíäð Ïóøêèí ß âàñ ëþáèë: ëþáîâü åùå, áûòü ìîæåò,  äóøå ìîåé óãàñëà íå ñîâñåì; Íî ïóñòü îíà âàñ áîëüøå íå òðåâîæèò; ß íå õî÷ó ïå÷àëèòü âàñ íè÷åì. Alexander Pushkin I loved you; even now I may confess, Some embers of my love their re retain; But do not let it cause you more distress, I do not want to sadden you again. E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  27. 27. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Number poems Cheerful 2(dva) 15(pyatnadtsat') 42(sorok dva) 42(sorok dva) 15(pyatnadtsat') 37(tridtsat' sem') 08(nol' vosem') 5(pyat') 20(dvadtsat') 20(dvadtsat') 20(dvadtsat')! Sad 511(pyat'sot odinnadtsat') 16(shestnadtsat') 5(pyat') 20(dvadtsat') 337(trista tridtsat' sem') 712(sem'sot dvenadtsat') 19(devyatnadtsat') 2000047(dva milliona sorok sem') E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  28. 28. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English What does Russian speech look like? What does Russian speech look like? I have always thought that the Russian language is a mixture of Spanish with a rounded 'r' , French with a 'zh' sound added and rough German sounds. (Jeremy's teacher, USA) For me, the Russian language is something between a walrus' growl and a Brahms' melody. (Abe, an accountant, UK) Russian language is like a very badly adjusted radio: it is full of extra rustles, crackling and squeaking. (Maria, a translator, France) E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  29. 29. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Tongue twisters Tongue twisters Øëà Ñàøà ïî øîññå è ñîñàëà ñóøêó Sasha walked down the avenue and sucked a biscuit. Íà äâîðå òðàâà, íà òðàâå äðîâà, Ðàç äðîâà, äâà äðîâà, òðè äðîâà Íå ðóáè äðîâà íà òðàâå äâîðà. There is grass in the yard, there are logs on the grass, don't chop the logs on the grass of the yard. Íå õî÷åò êîñîé êîñèòü êîñîé, ãîâîðèò, êîñà êîñà. A hare does't want to scythe and says that the scythe is skew. E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  30. 30. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Facts about Russian lexicon Facts about Russian lexicon Almost all the words starting with 'À' and 'Ô' have foreign roots: àëãåáðà (Arabic 'al-gabr'), àëüáîì (Latin 'albus'), ôóòáîë (English 'football'). Many words from France, Germany, Holland (Peter I), Greece, Poland, Turkic and Arabian origins. Very few from China and Japan. Nowadays there are plenty of English words (from IT business areas): êîìïüþòåð(computer), äåâàéñ(device), ïîðò(port), òèì-áèëäèíã(team building), äåâåëîïåð(developer) E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  31. 31. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Russian and other languages: lexical map E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  32. 32. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Briey Facts about Russian grammarsyntax Highly inexional morphology The word order is usually SVO, but it's not xed (ß ïîøåë â øêîëó. (I went to the school). Ïîøåë ÿ â øêîëó. Â øêîëó ïîøåë ÿ. Â øêîëó ÿ ïîøåë.). The semantics of each case is a bit dierent There are no articles(no the/a/an), so many Russians have problems understanding them in languages like English There is incredible number of exceptions to the rules. Just repeat and memorize! E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  33. 33. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans History Russian phonetics Russian lexicon Russian grammarsyntax Russian and English Examples of dierences YOU Dierent meanings of 'You': 'âû' if talking to many people, 'òû' if talking to your friend/family member or person of your age and 'Âû' if talking to somebody you don't know/a person older than you False friends Ìàãàçèí(magazine) - shop, Ëóê(look) - onion, Àðòèñò(artist) - actor, Ïðîñïåêò(prospect) - avenue Êëåé(clay) - glue, Ëèñò(list) - leaf E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  34. 34. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive Greetings Greetings Two forms of greetings: 'çäðàâñòâóéòå'('zdravstvuite', polite, formal) and 'ïðèâåò'('privet',informal) Russians usually don't ask how are you?everyone, but once they are asked they start giving full and detailed answer:) Russians say greetings just once. If you keep saying 'Privet' many times during the day to the same person, he/she will be confused and saó 'Ìû óæå çäîðîâàëèñü'('My uje zdorovalis'). Russians don't say 'Hi' to anybody on the street and people they don't know. E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  35. 35. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive Smiling and humour sense Smiling Most of Russians don't just smile. Russians perceive smile like an informative sign meaning there is a great sympathy or any other mix of feelings Sense of Humour Russians have a great sense of humour and love telling short funny stories (we call them anekdoty) E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  36. 36. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive Cultural and mental dierences Comfort zone Russians stand very near to each other in lines, and the 'comfort distance' in general is much shorter than in Europe. For Russian people CZ doesn't extend beyond their own apartments/cars/clothes/etc. They don't care much about others and everything out of their CZ. E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  37. 37. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive 5 cents of positive Buses if a person is running after bus, the bus most likely will stop and let the person in if you want to get out of a crowded metro or bus, you keep asking the person in front of you, if she or he is also getting out('Âû âûõîäèòå?'), and go on like this until you reach person that is going out, and wait peacefully E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  38. 38. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive 5 cents of positive Most of Russians are very friendly to foreigners believe in faith always complain about their lives/president/politics ascribe every ailment known to man as 'äàâëåíèå'(pressure) believe that black cat crossing their road is a bad sign consider whistling brings bad luck and no money celebrate SO MANY holidays(New Year, Christmas, International Women's Day, Victory's Day, Independence Day, etc.) having 3 more weeks each year for vacation (which is usually 28 days a year). E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  39. 39. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive 5 cents of positive Most of Russians don't pay for their education (our Govt pays for it) travel for vacation to Turkey, Egypt and Goa(India) 'êîñÿò îò àðìèè' - try to avoid serving in Russian army (each male is required to serve one year) like playing with words and nd origins ('âðåìÿ'-'âåðòåòü'):) are very hospitable:) E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians
  40. 40. Introduction Russia Languages in Russia Russian language Russians vs Americans Greetings Smiling and humour sense Cultural and mental dierences 5 cents of positive Ñïàñèáî!Thank you! Âîïðîñû? Questions? E. Vylomova Russia, Russian language and Russians

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