• Greek music history extends far backinto ancient Greece, since music was amajor part of ancient Greek theater.• The word "music" is derived from thenine muses of ancient Greece, whowere goddesses ruling over the artsand sciences.
Greek Music and MythologyInstruments in ancient Greece:• double-reed aulos and the• plucked string instrument (like pandura),• the lyre, especially the special kind called a kithara,• drums,• cymbals and• pipes.Ancient Greeks used music to honor their gods.Hermes and Apollo are Greek gods connected with music, and alsoPan, Orpheus, Dionysus and the Graces (daughters of Zeus).Maenad withdouble flute.Vase painting,410 BC.Lure madefrom turtleand horns.
Music in Ancient Greek EducationMusic played an important role in education.Greek boys started learning music as early as 6 yearsold.Students used singing to help memorize odes such asthe Iliad and the Odyssey.Pythagoras, designed a mathematical theory behindmusical tones in the 500s B.C. thats still used inmodern times.Muse with kithara.Vase painting, 445 BCDouble flute.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQ3Yys_fQEA
Byzantine Empire and AfterConstantinoples FallDuring the Byzantine Empire (330 A.D. to 1453A.D.), Greek music was influenced by Easternliturgical chanting.Music was monophonic, without harmony andlacked instrumental accompaniment.
Greek Folk SongsGreek folk songs, refer to the songs of two different periods of Greekhistory, include:• the akritic (expressed the struggles of the Greek warriors defendingthe borders of the Byzantine Empire)• klephtic movements (covered the end of the Byzantine period and thebeginning of the Greek Revolution, leading to Greeces independence in1821).• Greek folk music (Dhimotika tragoudhia) is found all throughout Greeceaccompanied by clarinets, guitars, tambourines and violins, and includedance music forms like syrtó, kalamatianó, tsámiko and hasaposérviko.
19th-20th Century Music RevivalGreek music was reborn in the 1800s.• Nikolaos Mantzaros expresses common experiences in everyday Greeklife.• Composer Kleon Triantafylou, known as "Attic," created one of the firstrepertory troupes in his famous "Mantra tou Attic.".• Sofia Vembo was a leading Greek singer and actress. She became bestknown for her performance of patriotic songs during the Greco-ItalianWar, when she was dubbed the "Songstress of Victory".The Rebetiko movement was influenced by two million Greek refugescoming from Asia Minor and among the most significant songwriters andlyricists of this period are considered Vassilis Tsitsanis, Manolis Chiotisand Giorgos Zambetas.A classicalthree-coursebouzouki.sandouri
Mid-20th Century and ContemporaryGreek Music• Entekhno arose in the late 1950s and isorchestral music with elements fromGreek folk rhythm and melody.• Greek youth turned to pop and rockmusic in the 1960s till nowadays and popmusic was influenced by both Britishand American rock music, along withGreek folk songs.
Read more:• The History of Greek Music | eHow.comhttp://www.ehow.com/about_5300338_history-greek-music.html#ixzz2GWmnTH9B• http://www.in2greece.com/english/music/ancient.htm• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Greece
This work is done by:• Rapti Artemi• Raptis Giannis• Sakouli Asimenia• Favata Georgia• Favatas Giannis