Prueba
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Prueba

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    Prueba Prueba Presentation Transcript

    • INTRODUCTION TO MORPHOLOGY
    • WHAT IS MORPHOLOGY? It is the study of the structue of words, the study of morphemes as the different forms, and word formation
    • MORPHEMES Morphemes are the minimal unit of world building in a language; they cannot be broken down any further into recognizable or meaningful parts.
    • FUNCTION NATURE POSITION DERIVATIONAL INFLECTIONAL FREE BOUND AFFIXES SUFFIXES PREFIXES MORPHEMES
    • FREE BOUND ALONE AFFIXES DERIVATIONAL INFLECTIONAL Cannot stand they are can stand are or CHANGE BASE often CATEGORY never can be the of the MORPHEMES
    • MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY: it deals with the differences between the shapes of the inflectional forms of variable lexemes. DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY: it is the study of how affixes combines with stems to derive new words .
    • Inflectional Morphology
      • Noun Inflectional suffixes
        • Plural maker –s
          • Girl-girls
        • Possessive maker ‘s
          • Mary´s car
      • Verbs Inflectional Suffixes
        • 3rd. Person present singular marker
          • bake-bakes
        • Past tense marker:-ed
          • Wait-waited
    • Inflectional Morphology
        • Progressive marker –ing
          • Sing-singing
        • Past Participle markers –en or ed
          • Eat-eaten
        • Adjective inflectional suffixes
          • Comparative maker –er
            • Fast-faster
          • Superlative make-est
            • Fast-fastest
    • Derivational Morphology
      • Derivational affixes often changue the part of the speech of the base morpheme. Thus, read is a verb, but readable is an adjective.