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Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
Prueba
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Prueba

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  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO MORPHOLOGY
  • 2. WHAT IS MORPHOLOGY? It is the study of the structue of words, the study of morphemes as the different forms, and word formation
  • 3. MORPHEMES Morphemes are the minimal unit of world building in a language; they cannot be broken down any further into recognizable or meaningful parts.
  • 4. FUNCTION NATURE POSITION DERIVATIONAL INFLECTIONAL FREE BOUND AFFIXES SUFFIXES PREFIXES MORPHEMES
  • 5. FREE BOUND ALONE AFFIXES DERIVATIONAL INFLECTIONAL Cannot stand they are can stand are or CHANGE BASE often CATEGORY never can be the of the MORPHEMES
  • 6. MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY: it deals with the differences between the shapes of the inflectional forms of variable lexemes. DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY: it is the study of how affixes combines with stems to derive new words .
  • 7. Inflectional Morphology <ul><li>Noun Inflectional suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plural maker –s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Girl-girls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possessive maker ‘s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mary´s car </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Verbs Inflectional Suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd. Person present singular marker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bake-bakes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past tense marker:-ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wait-waited </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8. Inflectional Morphology <ul><ul><li>Progressive marker –ing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sing-singing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Participle markers –en or ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eat-eaten </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjective inflectional suffixes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comparative maker –er </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast-faster </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Superlative make-est </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast-fastest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 9. Derivational Morphology <ul><li>Derivational affixes often changue the part of the speech of the base morpheme. Thus, read is a verb, but readable is an adjective. </li></ul>

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