Prueba
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Prueba

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Prueba Presentation Transcript

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO MORPHOLOGY
  • 2. WHAT IS MORPHOLOGY? It is the study of the structue of words, the study of morphemes as the different forms, and word formation
  • 3. MORPHEMES Morphemes are the minimal unit of world building in a language; they cannot be broken down any further into recognizable or meaningful parts.
  • 4. FUNCTION NATURE POSITION DERIVATIONAL INFLECTIONAL FREE BOUND AFFIXES SUFFIXES PREFIXES MORPHEMES
  • 5. FREE BOUND ALONE AFFIXES DERIVATIONAL INFLECTIONAL Cannot stand they are can stand are or CHANGE BASE often CATEGORY never can be the of the MORPHEMES
  • 6. MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY: it deals with the differences between the shapes of the inflectional forms of variable lexemes. DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY: it is the study of how affixes combines with stems to derive new words .
  • 7. Inflectional Morphology
    • Noun Inflectional suffixes
      • Plural maker –s
        • Girl-girls
      • Possessive maker ‘s
        • Mary´s car
    • Verbs Inflectional Suffixes
      • 3rd. Person present singular marker
        • bake-bakes
      • Past tense marker:-ed
        • Wait-waited
  • 8. Inflectional Morphology
      • Progressive marker –ing
        • Sing-singing
      • Past Participle markers –en or ed
        • Eat-eaten
      • Adjective inflectional suffixes
        • Comparative maker –er
          • Fast-faster
        • Superlative make-est
          • Fast-fastest
  • 9. Derivational Morphology
    • Derivational affixes often changue the part of the speech of the base morpheme. Thus, read is a verb, but readable is an adjective.