Principles of Business, Marketing, andPrinciples of Business, Marketing, and
FinanceFinance
Lesson ThreeLesson Three
Busin...
Business Organization and ManagementBusiness Organization and Management
• How a Company is Run
• Managerial Structures
– ...
Types of Organizational
Structure
UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 3
Guidelines for BusinessesGuidelines for Businesses
• Mission Statement-short specific reason
why the business exists and w...
Principles of EffectivePrinciples of Effective
OrganizationOrganization
• Responsibility-the obligation to complete specif...
Principles of Effective
Organization
UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 6
How Departments areHow Departments are
OrganizedOrganized
• By function
• By product
• By location
UNT in partnership with...
Levels of ManagementLevels of Management
• Top Level Managers
– Set goals
– Plan for the future
• Middle Managers
– Carry ...
PlanningPlanning
• Long-range planning-top-level management
decides how the company should perform
• Planning Questions Ma...
Questions of the PlanningQuestions of the Planning
ProcessProcess
• Applied and answered
when leaders meet with
the manage...
OrganizingOrganizing
• Assign managers different tasks
• Coordinate activities of managers
• Each manager organizes his/he...
LeadingLeading
• Set Standards
-so managers know their goals
• Communicate with Managers
-to provide guidance and resolve ...
ControllingControlling
• Keeping the Company on
Track-to meet all goals
– Keep track of the budget, the
schedule, and the ...
ManagersManagers
• Most Managers
– Begin their careers as company employees
– Are promoted after they have gained experien...
Advantages Associated withAdvantages Associated with
Being a ManagerBeing a Manager
• Higher earnings
• Prestige
• More in...
Disadvantages AssociatedDisadvantages Associated
with Being a Managerwith Being a Manager
• Take the blame when things go ...
TeamworkTeamwork
• Collaboration is important
• Flexibility, creativity, good
communication, shared
goals
• Work as a team...
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03 bus ops&org

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  • Give examples of a line authority and a centralized organization. Conduct class discussion about the pros and cons of each form of organization.
  • Formal Structure-departmentalization divides responsibility among specific units or departments. Informal Structure-used when a business does not need a big marketing or distribution network, does not need a lot of managers
  • Read your school or school district Mission Statement to the class. Break the class into small groups. Each group must choose a business and write a mission statement for the business.
  • Go through an example of a business procedure used by a business where students shop or have a student give an example of a procedure used at the business where he/she is employed.
  • Ask students to draw an organization chart for the business where they are employed or have been employed in the past. If they have never been employed then think about the school system and how the employees and students would fit in an organizational chart starting with the superintendent of the school system down to the students.
  • Ask students to answer Questions #1-5 under Part B for organizing a prom
  • Explain why managers must understand the team concept and why it is important to respect the work completed by other managers
  • Ask students for a list of leadership characteristics. Then ask students to circle the characteristics they possess
  • Ask students why customer satisfaction should be a part of the company organization. Then ask students why customer service should be the #1 priority for the company.
  • Survey the class to determine how many students have jobs. Then ask students to list characteristics needed to be a manager at their workplace.
  • Ask students why listening is so important in the workplace. Then describe the importance of all employees taking ownership in the goals of the company.
  • 03 bus ops&org

    1. 1. Principles of Business, Marketing, andPrinciples of Business, Marketing, and FinanceFinance Lesson ThreeLesson Three Business Operations and Organizational StructuresBusiness Operations and Organizational Structures UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved
    2. 2. Business Organization and ManagementBusiness Organization and Management • How a Company is Run • Managerial Structures – Organizational chart-shows how the business is structured and who is in charge of whom – Line authority-managers at the top of the organization are in charge of those beneath them – Centralized organization-gives authority to a number of different managers to run their own departments UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 2
    3. 3. Types of Organizational Structure UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 3
    4. 4. Guidelines for BusinessesGuidelines for Businesses • Mission Statement-short specific reason why the business exists and what it wants to achieve • Goal-precise statement of results the business expects to achieve • Policies-guidelines used in making consistent decisions • Procedures-descriptions of the way work is to be done UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 4
    5. 5. Principles of EffectivePrinciples of Effective OrganizationOrganization • Responsibility-the obligation to complete specific work • Authority-right to make decisions about how responsibilities should be accomplished • Accountability-taking responsibility for the results achieved • Unity of Command-clear reporting relationship for all staff of a business UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 5
    6. 6. Principles of Effective Organization UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 6
    7. 7. How Departments areHow Departments are OrganizedOrganized • By function • By product • By location UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 7
    8. 8. Levels of ManagementLevels of Management • Top Level Managers – Set goals – Plan for the future • Middle Managers – Carry out the decisions of top management – Plan and control operations • Operational Managers – Oversee daily operations – Supervise workers to meet deadlines UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 8
    9. 9. PlanningPlanning • Long-range planning-top-level management decides how the company should perform • Planning Questions Management Must Address – What must be done? – Who will do it? – How will the work be grouped? – Who supervises whom? – Who makes decisions about the work to be done? UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 9
    10. 10. Questions of the PlanningQuestions of the Planning ProcessProcess • Applied and answered when leaders meet with the management team UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 10
    11. 11. OrganizingOrganizing • Assign managers different tasks • Coordinate activities of managers • Each manager organizes his/her department and knows what other managers are doing • Must determine who makes decisions and who answers to whom UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 11
    12. 12. LeadingLeading • Set Standards -so managers know their goals • Communicate with Managers -to provide guidance and resolve conflicts • Encourage Employees -offer incentives such as pay raises and promotions UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 12
    13. 13. ControllingControlling • Keeping the Company on Track-to meet all goals – Keep track of the budget, the schedule, and the quality of the product – Monitor employees and review their performance – Monitor customer satisfaction UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 13
    14. 14. ManagersManagers • Most Managers – Begin their careers as company employees – Are promoted after they have gained experience and have shown leadership qualities • Managerial Qualities – Ability to perform varied activities – Ability to work under pressure – Effective communication – Interpersonal skills – Ability to gather and use information UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 14
    15. 15. Advantages Associated withAdvantages Associated with Being a ManagerBeing a Manager • Higher earnings • Prestige • More influence on how the company is run • Greater control over personal time UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 15
    16. 16. Disadvantages AssociatedDisadvantages Associated with Being a Managerwith Being a Manager • Take the blame when things go wrong • Wrong decisions are costly and can affect numerous employees • Can have an adverse affect on relationship with lower-level employees UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 16
    17. 17. TeamworkTeamwork • Collaboration is important • Flexibility, creativity, good communication, shared goals • Work as a team-to accomplish company goals • Brainstorm for solutions • Listen to team members UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved 17
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