B Y : I V A N A G U I L A RTASK BASED LEARNING INTHE ENGLISH CLASSROOM
OBJECTIVESBy the end of this presentation we’ll have…• Reviewed the evolution of Language TeachingMethodology• Explained the underlying principles to TBL• Compared TBL with another language teaching model• Experienced a language teaching activity based on TBL• Identified ways to implement TBL principles in ourteaching• Shared and evaluated ideas on how to implement TBL inour classrooms
WHERE DOES AN E.T. COME FROM?LinguisticsAppliedLinguisticsLanguagePedagogyBilingualismContrastiveanalysis
WHERE DOES AN E.T. COME FROM?Grammar translationDirectMethodAudio-lingualCommunityLanguageLearningCommunicativeLanguageTeaching• Lexical Approach• Natural Approach• Humanistic Approach• Task Based Learning
TASK BASED LEARNING: PPP VS TBLPPP•Presentation•Practice•ProductionTBL•Pre-task(Introduction to topicand task)•Task cycle (Task-planning-report)•Language focus(Analysis and practice)
TASK BASED LEARNING: PPP VS TBLPPP• A Focus on two or threeforms specified by theteacher.• The focus on form comesbefore the communicativeactivity• The success of the activity isjudged in terms of whetheror not learners produce thetarget forms.TBL• A focus on meaning in whichparticipants are concerned withcommunication• A focus on language whenlearners think about the best wayto express themselves.• A focus on meaning in whichlearners study isolated lexical orgrammatical forms.
TASK BASED LEARNING: THE FORMMEANING CONTROVERSYWhy not starting with form?Learners can not pay attention to both form andmeaning.Natural development of a language (in children)starts with the meaning.Learners engage in unnatural activites where thegoal is form focused practice.Time investmentReal world needs and presures.
TASK BASED LEARNING: THE FORMMEANING CONTROVERSYThis is a very popular contest in many radio stations.The task is simple. Ask your partner as many questionsas possible. Your classmate should answer to yourquestions but can not say YES or NO because thismakes him/her lose.
TASK BASED LEARNING:THEPRINCIPLES• 1. Meaning is primary.• 2. Learners do not regurgitate meanings fromteachers, course books or other sources.• 3. There is a connection between a real-worldactivity and the classroom task.• 4. Task completion has some priority.• 5. Task outcomes are the basis for assessment
TASK BASED LEARNING: A TAXONOMYOF ACTIVITIESYour TopicTeensOrderingSortingClassifyingComparingMatchingSharingExperiencesProject WorkProblemSolvingListing
TASK BASED LEARNING:IMPLEMENTING THE PRINCIPLES INTHE CLASSROOM• Make your instructions more precise: Talk to yourpartner-Talk to your partner and…• Add post tasks reports• Re-ordering activites-Do the skill lessons first.• Prime better (warm-up activites)• Focus on a concrete outcome.
TASK BASED LEARNING:SHARINGIDEAS• Check your handout.• Where could you implement some of the taskbased learning principles?• Here are the principles to help you remember.1. Meaning is primary.2. Learners do not regurgitate meanings fromteachers, course books or other sources.3. There is a connection between a real-world activityand the classroom task.4. Task completion has some priority.5. Task outcomes are the basis for assessment
TASK BASED LEARNING: A CHECKLIST1. Does the activity engage learners’ interest?2. Is there a primary focus on meaning?3. Is there an outcome?4. Is success judged in terms of outcome?5. Is completion a priority?6. Does the classroom activity relate to real worldactivities?
QISS• What is a QUESTION you have in your mind?• What is something you found INTERESTING youfound?• How could you SUMMARIZE your learning?• What is a SUGGESTION you have?