Ideas on Second language acquisition Iván Aguilar
Objetives: 1.To clarify the concepts of learning a language and second language acquisition. 2.To explain the implications of these concepts in the classroom. 3.To exemplify activities that could be used in the classroom following the theory
Che ore sono? Sono le nove 1 : Uno 2 : Due 3 : Tre 4 : Quattro 5 : Cinque 6 : Sei 7 : Sette 8 : Otto 9 : Nove 10: Dieci 11: Undici 12: Dodici Sono le ____
GRAMMAR EXERCISE Action phrase subject phrase translation Kei te mahi au. I am working. Kei te oma au I am running. Kei te kai ia He is eating. Kei te _________ ______ He is working. Kei __ _________ ______ I am eating.
“ L2 acquisition can be defined as the way in which people learn a language other than their mother tongue, inside or outside the classroom and second language acquisition as the study of this.”(Rod Ellis) S econd L anguage A cquisition
Krashen’s Theory Acquisition/learning The input hypothesis The monitor hypothesis Output (Swain) The affective filter
“ Acquisition” occurs subconsciously as a result of participating in natural communication where the focus is on meaning. In contrast “learning” occurs as a result of a conscious study of the formal properties of language. Acquisition/learning.-
The monitor hypothesis Learners edit their language performance by means of an internal Monitor which uses knowledge to do so. This can occur before or after the utterances have been made, but not at the same moment. Three conditions are necessary for this to happen: sufficient time, focus on form not meaning, the learner must know the rule.
The input hypothesis Acquisition will take place only when the input the learner is exposed to is comprehensible. Comprehensible input is which is a little beyond the current level of the learner’s competence (I +1).
The affective filter Motivation. . Self-confidence Anxiety.
Comprehensible output (Merril Swain)learners acquire the language when they have an environment where their attempts at communication are valued and shaped to make them acceptable and understandable trough communicative activities rather than grammatical means .
References Richards, J & Rodgers, T. (2001): “Approaches And Methods In Language Teaching” Brown, D (2000): “Principles Of Language Learning And Teaching” Palacios, I & Arzamendi, J: “Second Language Acquisition”(Funiber) Thornbury, S: “How To Teach Grammar” Cant, A(1997): “Developing Resources for Primary” Penny Ur “A Course in Language Teaching: Theory and practice” Anderson & Pesola “Language and Children Making the Match” www.sdkrashen.com/main.php3