Learning strategies from theory to practice

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  • 1. By Ivan Aguilar Learning Strategies: From Theory to Practice
  • 2. By the end of this presentation we’ll have… • Revisited the concept of learning strategies. • Explained a model to introduce learning strategies explicitly. • Identified some of our own learning strategies. • Listed a set of learning strategies • Applied learning strategies into some reading • Evaluated the usefulness of learning strategies • Reflected on how we can use learning strategies in our classrooms Objectives
  • 3. • "learning strategies are specific actions taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, more self-directed, more effective, and more transferrable to new situations.“ Oxford-1990 • "techniques, principles, or rules that will facilitate the acquisition, manipulation, integration, storage, and retrieval of information across situations and settings.” Mori 1999 • "behaviors and thoughts that a learner engages in during learning and that are intended to influence the learner's encoding process." Learning strategies
  • 4. The importance of learning strategies Competencies for the 21st century • Know how to be (Attitudes) • Know how to do (Skills) • Know how to learn (Learning strategies)
  • 5. AMODELTOINTRODUCE LEARNINGSTRATEGIES
  • 6. Preparation
  • 7. • Activate learners’ background knowledge about learning strategies (class discussions). • Identify learners’ existing learning strategies. (surveys) • Self assess strategies (think alouds) Preparation
  • 8. • Guessing meaning from context • Identify main ideas • Identify details • Infer • Make predictions • Plan one’s own reading • Personalization • Reflection on one’s own learning Listing learning strategies
  • 9. Surveying our own learning strategies
  • 10. Presentation
  • 11. • Model the strategy (teacher) • Name the strategy • Explain the importance of the strategy • Tell students when to use the strategy Presentation
  • 12. A:Good morning. May I help you? B:Yes, Please. What do you have for lunch? A:We have chicken sandwich, hamburgers, or pizza. B: I’ll have the chicken sandwich, please. A: Anything to drink? B: Do you have coffee? A: Sure. B:I’ll have coffee, please. • Where is this conversation taking place? (Gist) Presenting Learning strategies: An example in teaching listening
  • 13. A:Good morning. May I help you? B:Yes, Please. What do you have for lunch? A:We have chicken sandwich, hamburgers, or pizza. B: I’ll have the chicken sandwich, please. A: Anything to drink? B: Do you have coffee? A: Sure. B:I’ll have coffee, please. • Is person B more likely to stay or leave? (Infer) Presenting Learning strategies: An example in teaching listening
  • 14. A:Good morning. May I help you? B:Yes, Please. What do you have for lunch? A:We have chicken sandwich, hamburgers, or pizza. B: I’ll have the chicken sandwich, please. A: Anything to drink? B: Do you have coffee? A: Sure. B:I’ll have coffee, please. • What will person B have to drink? (details) Presenting Learning strategies: An example in teaching listening
  • 15. Practice
  • 16. • Integrate strategies practice into regular course work • Select appropriately challenging tasks • Coach students to use the strategies • Encourage students to practice the strategies introduced • Encourage students to choose their own strategies Practice
  • 17. Practicing learning strategies: An example in reading How do you think these people became very successful entrepreneurs? Make a list with your classmate.
  • 18. Practicing learning strategies: An example in reading Read the article. Where your prediction right? Why? Why not?
  • 19. Self-Evaluation
  • 20. • Class discussion • Learning strategies checklist • Charts and graphic organizers • Learning logs Self evaluation
  • 21. Evaluating the strategy.
  • 22. Expansion
  • 23. • Expading through discussion • Expanding to other activities • Expanding to other subjects Expansion
  • 24. A. Use one of the strategies you learned at home. Look at the example. Then complete the blanks. Example: I used inferencing in class to help me with reading in English. At home, I will try to use it for listening to the radio in English. About you… I used_________ in class to help me with______. At home, I will try to use it for_____________ Expansion: An example activity
  • 25. SUMMINGUP
  • 26. To learn more about Teaching and Learning English visit my website at: To learn more…