Risk reduction on new drugs, a spanish experience (iván fornís)
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Risk reduction on new drugs, a spanish experience (iván fornís)

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ReDNet Conference....

ReDNet Conference.
First International Conference on Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS):
"The Ever-Changing World of Psychoactive Drugs"
will be held on 12-13 March 2012

in Budapest, Hungary.

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    Risk reduction on new drugs, a spanish experience (iván fornís) Risk reduction on new drugs, a spanish experience (iván fornís) Presentation Transcript

    • Risk Reduction on New Drugs,•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience a Spanish Experience Iván Fornís Espinosa • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 1
    • • 1. The evolution of the use of new synthetic drugs inRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience Spain. Information collected by Energy Control through its Drug Checking service and the online counseling service adressed to drug users. 2. Our proposal to provide objective information to the users of these drugs in order to conduct low-risk consumptions. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 2
    • What is ? 1. Risk reduction project in Spain.• 2. Peer to peer actions.Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience 3. Responsible drug use. 4. Resources: Development and dissemination of information Drug Checking service aimed at drug users. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 3
    • In recent years we have observed in our project three phenomena:•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience 1. An increment in the number of samples of new drugs provided by the users. 2. An increment of types of new drugs, also called research chemicals or legal highs. 3. An increment in the number of requests for information about new drugs. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 4
    • Increment in the number of samples•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Speed Speed Speed Speed Speed Speed Ketamine Ketamine Ketamine Ketamine Ketamine Ketamine Cocaine Cocaine Cocaine Cocaine Cocaine Cocaine RCs RCs RCs RCs RCs RCs MDMA crystal MDMA crystal MDMA crystal MDMA crystal MDMA crystal MDMA crystal MDMA Pills MDMA Pills MDMA Pills MDMA Pills MDMA Pills MDMA Pills 2006 (n=392) 2007 (n=509) 2008 (n= 1082) 2009 (n= 1622) 2010 (n=1680) 2011 (n=2115) • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 5
    • Increment of types of new drugs•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience 80 70 68 60 50 40 39 32 30 20 19 10 5 4 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 6
    • Increment in the number of requests for information about new drugs.•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience 50 47 45 40 35 30 25 22 21 20 15 10 5 2 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 7
    • Peculiarities of our country on New Drugs 1. In Spain there hasn´t been a• big expansion of the use of newRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience drugs. 2. Little presence of the smart- shop phenomenon (or head- shop). The most important distribution channel has been on the Internet and grow-shops. 3. Adaptation of the comercial product names to spanish topics such as Mazazo, Fuego, Cocopollo, etc. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 8
    • Peculiarities of our country on New Drugs 4. we began to observe the presence of new drugs as• adulterants of illicit drugsRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience Sold as composition Samples Ecstasy pill 2C-B 53 Ecstasy pill 2C-I 4 Ecstasy (crystal) Methylone 12 Ecstasy (pill, crystal) Mephedrone 11 Cocaína Mephedrone 2 Methamphetamine Mephedrone 2 Ketamine Mephedrone 4 Ketamine Methoxetamine 6 • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 9
    • Our approach 1. Development and dissemination of update and objective• information about risk reduction on new drugs:Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience Scientific articles Trip reports and personal communication Give information in recreational places Give information in our drug checking services Give information through web, forums and social networks • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 10
    • Our approach 2. Direct communication to general drug users about the• emergence of new drugs as adulterants of other drugs toRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience inform them (ex. PMMA in legal highs). • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 11
    • Our approach 3. Notice the proper agencies of the findings, especially• theRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience - EMCDDA - Ministry of Health - regional councils • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 12
    • Our approach 4. Updating the analysis• service to expand its capacityRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience to detect new substances in timeframes as short as possible. 5. Training project staff to have updated knowledge as possible of the phenomenon. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 13
    • Conclusions (1) Energy Control has only had access to samples provided voluntarily by consumers; this has allowed us to observe• particularly the phenomenon of adulteration of other drugsRisk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience with these new compounds. Studies of new drugs, which keep track of the products sold in stores or online head-shops, have failed to detect this phenomenon. This could add risk to consumers because these people do not take precautions to consume. Thus, having information of samples submitted by users becomes a source of invaluable information complementary to information obtained by other means (for example, direct purchases or police seizures). • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 14
    • Conclusions (2) In this sense, having services such as drug checking•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience service, a web-site for drug users or be present in recreational contexts allows us direct contact with consumers and work specifically with these aspects as the information on these new drugs and taking care strategies and the associated demystify certain beliefs such as greater security in front of these illegal drugs. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 15
    • Conclusions (3) The phenomenon of new drugs is extremely dynamic and•Risk Reduction on New Drugs, a Spanish experience is able to rapidly introduce new substances on the market. This causes, at times, when we are able to prepare and distribute updated information about these new drugs, these leaving the market and appear new ones. This is produced by the application of prohibitive legislation on new drugs as the only way to address the problem. • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 16
    • Thank you•PMMA (paramethoxymethamphetamine) in “legal Highs” in Spain. Iván Fornís Espinosa (Energy Control – ABD) analisis@energycontrol.org info@enrgycontrol.org • • Energy Control-ABD. Iván Fornís Espinosa. analisis@energycontrol.org | info@energycontrol.org | www.energycontrol.org | www.abd-ong.org • 17